The National Museum of the United States Army will be the first national museum to tell the story of Americas oldest military service, from its earliest days as the colonial militia to its present-day status as the worlds most powerful ground force. Spanning 84 acres across the Fort Belvoir Military Installation in Virginia, the complex will be composed of a pavilioned main building for exhibits and special events, a quiet memorial garden, a parade field and grandstand, and an Army Trail with interpretive stations. Drawing inspiration from such iconic works of architecture as the Acropolis in Athens and the United States Military Academy at West Point, the plan exploits the site’s natural topography, resting the museum on a plateau to evoke a sense of monumentality.
▼场地鸟瞰，aerial view ©Duane Lempke _ Sisson Studios, Inc.
▼建筑外部由不锈钢板包覆，the museum is covered by stainless steel-clad ©Duane Lempke _ Sisson Studios, Inc.
The symbolic experience begins with the access road, which offers a glimpse of the stainless steel-clad museum through the trees and across a long meadow. The design of the museum evokes the principles of the Army: it is disciplined, modest, and rigorous. The simplicity and sharpness of the exterior enclosure- made of eighth-inch-thick, rain screen-insulated panels of stainless steel and minimal glazing-allows reflections to be cast on the facade, transforming the character of the building through every season and time of day. At the corner of each pavilion, recessed glass panels alternate with painted aluminum fins to add a sense of dynamism to the facade.
▼博物馆外观（效果图），exterior view (rendering) ©SOM
▼入口广场（效果图），entry square (rendering) ©SOM
Inside the museum, a grand lobby presents several symbolic features, and is designed with the flexibility to transform into a 460-seat banquet hall for fundraisers and other events. Visible through a glazed entrance, the lobby features a coffered ceiling with a series of 22 translucent laminated glass panels that match campaign streamers of the Armys past-bringing the focus not only to history, but to the individual soldier. A black granite honor wall lists each campaign, and a 21-foot-diameter Department of the Army emblem is inscribed in the lobby’s terrazzo floor. A 300-degree theater, adjacent to the main gallery hall, seats up to 122 people for film screenings and to display other digital content. The coffered language of the lobby ceiling is also carried into the retail space and cafe-which opens onto the first of three terraced gardens.
▼大厅概览，overlook to the lobby ©SOM_Eliezer Lee
▼大厅的方格天花板装饰着一系列纪念勋带，the lobby features a coffered ceiling with a series of 22 translucent laminated glass panels that match campaign streamers of the Armys past ©SOM_Eliezer Lee
▼黑色的花岗岩荣誉墙镌刻着战役的名称，a black granite honor wall lists each campaign ©SOM_Eliezer Lee
▼楼梯，stair ©SOM_Eliezer Lee
Offices and expansive gallery space characterize the second floor, and the third level is highlighted by the Veterans ‘Hall and the 9, 000-square-foot Medal of Honor Garden.
▼室内公共区域，public area ©SOM_Eliezer Lee
▼荣誉勋章花园，Medal of Honor Garden ©SOM
Designed to earn LEED Silver certification, the museum incorporates sustainable features such as radiant heating and cooling, increased insulation, improved glazing, high-efficiency LED lighting, automatic daylighting controls and occupancy sensors, low flow plumbing fixtures, and green roofs.
▼防雨墙细部，rain screen detail ©SOM
Location: Fort Belvoir, Virginia
Anticipated Completion: 2019
Site Area: 84 acres
Project Area: 185,000 ft2
Number of Stories: 5
Building Height: 100 ft
Market: Civic + Government, Cultural
Service: Architecture, MEP, Structural + Civil Engineering, Sustainable Design, Urban Design + Planning