Design of the Małopolska Garden of Arts – awarded the 2012 Professor Janusz Bogdanowski Prize for the best architecture in Kraków
The building of MGA introduced new spatial order to the old backyards and ruined buildings in Rajska and Szujskiego streets in Krakow. The starting point was a multifunctional hall, which was entered into the outline of the old, 19th-century horse-riding arena, used in the last years of its history as workshops and storage space for the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków.
The Małopolska Garden of Arts is a cross between two institutions: the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre and the Malopolska Voivodeship Library. The wing on Szujskiego Street holds a modern art and media library, with multimedia books and music, while the section standing on ul. Rajska has been developed by the theatre, and is equipped with a multifunctional events hall. The new hall – operating, as a studio theatre, conference room, concert hall, and venue for banquets and exhibitions – holds retractable stages for 300 people. State-of-the-art stage technology is present overhead: fixed on hoists and cranes to the steel ceiling girders. This allows dramas and concerts to be performed, and exhibitions, film screenings, symposiums, conferences, art auctions, fashion shows, and many more events to be held. Altogether, the space of about 4300 sq.m houses a theatre together with a cosy cinema with 98 seats, a café, and premises for the organisation of educational, art-related activities.
Honing the form, the architects focused on interaction with the future recipients, which is why the entire spatial form of the symbolic, openwork roofing raised over the garden from the side of Rajska Street – though not functioning as an actual roof – is there to transport the gateway to the stage out onto the street. In this way, the building delicately nudges passers-by with the skilful manipulation of the form, already at first glance giving the onlooker the impression of going beyond the borders of a garden, where culture is grown in evenly planted rows. Further proof of the sophisticated play with the space is the garden itself. Imitating flower beds, the equal bands with low greens are a metaphor of a garden: as much as the architects could afford here. A notable fact is that historically “ulica Rajska” – literally “Paradise Street” – led to the Garden of Paradise, which was later replaced by the developments of the Tobacco Works.
Architect Krzysztof Ingarden (collaborating with Jacek Ewý), claims that the form of the building is a contextual game between “mimesis and the abstraction”. In practice, this means that the building is by no means a simulacrum of the context, but rather draws inspiration from the code of contextual forms by making references to the geometry of the roofs and tissue of the neighbouring structures applied for the abstract geometrical compositions of the façades. The building fits the scale of its environment perfectly by maintaining the lines of the roof and divisions of the façades in line with the composition and linear solutions of the neighbouring buildings.
The final impact is the result of the designers’ sensitivity to signals coming from the environment. For example, the opening in the perforated roof of the garden was formed, especially for the maple tree that grows there. In recognition of its exquisite sense of spatial composition and creative form in historical context, the building was awarded with the Professor Janusz Bogdanowski Prize, for the best architectural achievement in Krakow in the year 2012.
In this place, the cultural life of the Kraków’s young artistic set will blossom under a shared roof. Modern ballet, contemporary theatre forms, audio and video arts, concerts, and all and any other artistic pursuits will find their home here.
Together with the technical furnishing of the stage, the construction project consumed approximately PLN 47 million, and was co-financed from EU funds as a part of the Małopolska Regional Operational Programme 2007–2013.
Project: Małopolska Garden of Arts,
Address: Rajska Street 12, Krakow, Poland
Credits and data:
Architecture: Ingarden & Ewý Architects (IEA) www.iea.com.pl
Author: Krzysztof Ingarden, architect, Ph.D.
Collaboration: Jacek Ewý, architect
Team IEA: architects : Piotr Urbanowicz, Sebastian Machaj, Agata Staniucha,
Jakub Wagner, Piotr Hojda, Bartosz Haduch, Bogdan Blady, Maciej Szromik, Anna Kula,
Sylwia Gowin, Marta Brańska, Piotr Kita, Krzysztof Stępniak
Cooperation: „K3 Architekci s.c” – architects: Piotr Chuchacz, Benedykt Bury,
Interior design: Ingarden & Ewý Architects and „Pracownia S.C.” : Agnieszka
Cwynar- Łaska, Marta Spodar
Acoustics: Inter-Eko Sp. z o.o., Jan Adamczyk, Lesław Stryczniewicz, Dorota
Stage technology: Przedsiębiorstwo Projektowo-Usługowe „OTO”, Tomasz Ostrowski,
Structure: GSBK Biuro Konstrukcyjne – Mariusz Szefer, Jarosław Zdeb.
HVAC: TW Engineers Sp. Z o.o., Tadeusz Wołek, Monika Pantoł, Maria
Electrical Systems: ES-System – Jan Wachacki, Paweł Bugno, Bożena Paluchowska
Roads: Altrans, Stanisław Albricht, Ewa Dudek,
Landscape design: Land Arch – Karolina Bober, Małgorzata Tujko
Fire consultant: Janusz Siata
Client: Slowacki Theater in Krakow
Project engineer: Lider: OTS-IP Sp. z o.o. Kraków; Partner: Dom Inżynierski PROMIS
General contractor: PBO Skobud Sp. z o.o., Żywiec
Photographs © Krzysztof Ingarden
Building area: 1 579,3m2
Floor usable area: 4330,76 m²
Multifunctional hall: 299 seats
Club cinema: 78 seats
Competition project: 2005 (I Award in open SARP competition)
Design period: 2005-2008
Construction period: 2010-2012