▼整体鸟瞰，aerial view ©章勇
The Majiabang culture is a neolithic culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China. It’s named after the site of The Majiabang heritage site in Tiandianqiao Village, Nanhu Town, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, where the original settlement life dating back to 7000 years ago has been discovered. The area is also called ‘the source of Jiangnan culture’. The design of the museum extracts the idea from the original scenes of life in the settlement and the typology of local dwellings, and recalls the ancient civilization across time and space by recombinating and reinterpretating ‘settlement and courtyard’. The site retains a large area of native wilderness and water resources with the natural texture of the surrounding environment integrated into the architectural form through reasonable redesign. Therefore, the whole museum is hidden in the natural environment in a humble manner, which shows great respect for the ruins of Majiabang culture.
▼遗址公园与博物馆，heritage parks and museums ©章勇
▼薄雾中的博物馆，the Cultural Museum in the mist ©章勇
▼项目位置，location map ©曾群建筑研究室
The Majiabang culture, named after the Majiabang site excavated in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, is mainly distributed in the Taihu Lake area, south to the northern bank of the Qiantang River in Zhejiang province, and northwest to Changzhou, Jiangsu province. According to the radiocarbon dating and correction, Majiabang culture , which has a history of more than 7000 years, was first appeared in 5000 BC. The discovery and establishment of The Majiabang culture and its subsequent Songze culture and Liangzhu culture indicate that the Neolithic culture in The Taihu Lake area has a long history and distinct regional characteristics.
The Majiabang museum, located in southeast corner of sites, sets the goal of ‘domestic first-class museum with great international influence’, according to the local government’s plan for national cultural heritage protection units. It is a museum of prehistoric culture with Majiabang culture as its theme, emphasizing science popularization, knowledge and education.
▼遗址及建筑区位图，site and building location ©章勇
restoration of the original settlement scene of Majiabang Culture
demonstration of generation process
explosion axonometric drawing
The building forms an interesting tour sequence through the joining together of several simple and pure prototype units, which, like the original settlements, form circuitous pathes between each unit. The exhibition space and rest space of the museum unfold along this path. The entrance opens the browsing prelude of the museum through a corner courtyard, with a sense of calm atmosphere. After entering the foyer, the main exhibition hall is flanked by adjacent patios and overlapped by a triple space of foyers, patios, lounges and distant ruins. A long narrow passage leads people along a turn to the east. The space becomes more and more bright and open with the progress. Lush farmland spreads out horizontally in the front. The works of young sculptors in the distance form a scene opposite to the interior space, establishing a silent dialogue. The research office and warehouse area of the museum are arranged along the south side, isolated from the visiting area and relatively quiet.
▼从农田望向建筑，view from the farmland ©章勇
Intention and the image
▼马家浜文化遗址出土陶器，Pottery unearthed at the Majiabang Cultural site ©曾群建筑研究室
▼陶土色混凝土施工浇筑过程，pouring process of clay-colored concrete wall ©曾群建筑研究室
The pottery unearthed from the site around the base is a typical feature of The Majiabang culture. We restore the “container” of the ancient civilization with the original ecological texture by using clear concrete in the color of clay. The sunlight helps to delineate the delicate details of the building, which is constantly changing in several simple courtyards. Unlike the polished modern facade material, this rough, raw material makes it more open to the influences of time and nature. In different climates, the walls change colour with temperature, humidity and time. The museum seemed to come to life, melting into the field.
▼陶土色现浇混凝土外景，the appearance of clay-colored cast-in-place concrete walls ©章勇
▼陶土色现浇混凝土墙体延伸室内， The clay-colored cast-in-place concrete walls extend to the interior ©章勇
The Function and rationality
游廊：时空长廊 | Veranda: corridor of time and space
On the east side of the veranda is the city, and on the west side is ruins of Majiabang culture. The east and west sides represent two different eras. Passing through them is like being in the corridor of time. At the same time, the veranda is also the central place for various functions, with various pavilions and multi-function halls distributed on both sides of the south and north.
▼入口大厅实景，view of the entrance hall ©章勇
▼外观夜景，exterior view by night ©章勇
庭院：转折空间 | Courtyard: Turning space
▼庭院：聚落的留白，courtyard: The white space of a settlement ©曾群建筑研究室
Five courtyards are naturally formed between the forms of the building, forming an interesting transition at the intersections of the interior functions. At the nodes where the space turns to connect, the unique character of each courtyard is formed, which adorns and enriches the spatial experience of the whole building.
▼入口大厅前院，the front yard of the entrance hall ©章勇
▼各庭院实景，scene of each courtyard ©章勇
观景台：与遗址对话 | Observation deck: Dialogue with the site
In the direction of the Majiabang site, a panoramic window opens as the end point of the visit, where the sequence is pushed to its climax and draws the crowd towards the site.
▼博物馆与遗址关系，the relationship between museums and sites ©曾群建筑研究室
▼遗址公园与博物馆，heritage parks and museums ©章勇
▼朝向遗址公园的观景露台，a terrace facing the ruins of the park ©章勇
▼休息区露台望向遗址公园，terrace in sitting area overlooking the ruins of the park ©章勇
Settlement is the pattern of common people life. the product of the common development of human and nature. In Majiabang cultural museum design, we adhere to this tacit understanding with the primitive society, create a reasonable ‘container’ and ‘place’ to present the spiritual connotation and material remains of The Majiabang culture to the public.
▼博物馆远景，a distant view to the museum ©章勇
▼模型效果，model effect ©曾群建筑研究室
Project name: Majiabang Cultural Museum
Construction unit: Jiaxing Bureau of Culture, Radio, Television, Press and Publication
Project location: Southeast of Majiabang Cultural Site, Jiaxing city, Zhejiang Province
Area: 7840 square meters
Design: Completed in 2016
Construction: Completed in 2019
Architecture design: Zeng Qun, Wu Min, Li Rongrong, Ma Zhong, Feng Wanyao, Chen Weipeng, Sun Jiaqiu
Structural design: Chen Xi, Xi Jiakai
Water supply and drainage engineering: Shi Jinyue, Ji Xingli
HVAC engineering: Zhou Jing, Bian Zheng
Electrical engineering: Gu Qiyan, Chen Rongying
Architectural photography: Zhang Yong