Lonna Sauna, Helsinki by OOPEAA

Silhouette of the city and opening towards the sea.

Project Specs

Design:
Location:

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Appreciation towards OOPEAA for providing the following description:

Lonna 桑拿房是一个新建的公共桑拿浴室,位于赫尔辛基城市中心东南部的群岛上。项目的名称由它所在的海岛“Lonna”得来,这座岛是芬兰公共桑拿历史中的一个重要的部分,处在城市和自然交界处,融合了繁华的都市生活和大海辽阔的风景。一侧可以看到城市的轮廓,而另一边面向海洋和天空。新建筑就坐落在岛上19世纪俄罗斯统治期间建造的古老历史建筑群中。

The Lonna Sauna is a new a public sauna located on the small island of Lonna in the archipelago just in front of the city center of Helsinki. It is part of the historical continuum of the tradition of public saunas in Finland. On the border between urban and nature, between the busy life of the city and the open landscapes on the sea, with views framing the silhouette of the city on one side and opening towards the sea on the other, the Lonna Sauna sits in the context of a group of old historical structures built during the Russian rule in the 19th century.

▼建筑坐落在地理位置优越的海岛上,the sauna house is placed among an extraordinary scenes

Lonna 岛曾经被军方占领,近期才面向公众开放。它旁边就是芬兰著名的世界遗产 Suomenlinna 岛。Lonna 岛上地标性的老建筑和岛上的自然环境都是优美别致的。距离城区仅仅一趟短途行船的距离,Lonna 岛为市民提供了放松身心享受自然和海洋的机会。Lonna 桑拿房更是岛上独特环境的一部分,它的存在使得人造建筑能够和自然之间构建一种对话关系。桑拿房中燃木炉提供了卓越的洗浴体验,让游客在造访桑拿浴室的同时还能够欣赏海景。

The Lonna island used to be occupied by the military and has only very recently been opened to the public. It is located right next to the larger Suomenlinna island which is a world heritage site. The old buildings on the Lonna island are landmarked and the nature on the island is delicate and special. Offering people a way to relax and enjoy the nature and the sea, just a short boat trip away from the city, the Lonna Sauna is part of the unique environment of the island where the man-made meets the natural and enters into dialogue with it. With its wood-burning stove it offers a great bathing experience. It allows the bathers to enjoy the view to the sea while relaxing in the warmth of the sauna.

▼新建的桑拿房位于一片历史建筑中,Lonna Sauna sits in the context of a group of old historical structures

▼项目外观,appearance

▼桑拿房面向海景,the building is facing to the scenery of the sea

随着海岛功能的变化,芬兰的桑拿文化也在不断改变。曾经公共桑拿风靡芬兰各地,但现今只保存下来为数不多的几处。然而近年来,民众又燃起了对传统公共桑拿的兴趣,在赫尔辛基的歌各个地区有开设了一些新的桑拿房。Lonna 岛独特而自然的环境营造出特别而真实的气氛,丰富了城市公共桑拿的体验。它保留了桑拿平静的仪式性,聚集了社区中的居民。非常靠近城市中心,却被一条海峡和繁华的都市气息割离开,成为了宁静、理想的场所。也是夏季一个完美的社交聚会场地。

As the functions on the island change, so does the sauna culture in Finland. Public saunas were once lively places and numerous throughout the country, but today there is only a few of them left. However, in recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the tradition of public saunas and a number of new public sauna buildings have opened in various parts of the city in Helsinki. The unique natural features of the Lonna island create a special and authentic atmosphere adding a new aspect to the experience of an urban public sauna. It brings together the calming and peaceful experience of the sauna ritual and the social aspect of the public sauna as a gathering place for people. Located very close to the city center, the island is accessible only by boat. Water separates it from the boost of urban life, preserving its natural environment and making it the perfect location for tranquility, or a special place for a social gathering in the form of a lively party under the summer skies.

▼从岛的中心靠近建筑的入口,the access facing to the road

▼入口,entry

紧凑的190平方米建筑完全由天然材料建造,锌板覆盖着一个雕塑性的坡形屋顶,其下是精美的手工木结构建筑,所有木材带有原始未经处理的美感。配有燃木炉,建筑重现了传统芬兰桑拿浴室平静、神圣的感觉,同时将现代风格带入建筑。面向群岛的巨大落地窗由落叶松木建成,展现了建筑师对当代室内设计的掌握。露台连接了桑拿浴室、室外淋浴间和海滨空间。

The compact 190 sqm building is built solely with natural materials with a sculptural pitched roof in zinc plate and a masterfully handcrafted wooden log structure, which is left visible and untreated. Furnished with wood-burning stoves it recreates the calm and almost sacred feeling of the traditional Finnish sauna, while placing it in a new, contemporary architectural frame. The skillful use of larch in the furnishings and the large windows opening on to the archipelago create strong contemporary interiors. The terrace is directly accessible from the sauna rooms and from the outdoor shower space bridging the sauna with the seashore.

▼建筑直接与海滨相连,the site is connected to the seashore

▼内部的现代风格空间,the contemporary interior

▼楼梯,staircase

▼上层空间,upper level

▼桑拿室,sauna room

Lonna 桑拿房在 2017 年 5 月向公众开放,该建筑是由芬兰理事会管理机构委托建造的。

The Lonna Sauna was officially opened to the public in May 2017. The building is commissioned by the Governing Body of Suomenlinna.

▼海岛上的桑拿房全景,overview of the Lonna Sauna

▼桑拿房的发展过程,sauna diagrams

▼区位,site

▼平面,plan

▼立面,elevation

▼剖面,section

place: Helsinki, Finland
client: Governing Body of Suomenlinna / Tiina Koskenniemi
user: Fregatti Oy / Ville Wäänänen
commission: direct
year: 2014 – 2016
size: 190 sqm
architect in charge: Anssi Lassila
project architect: Teemu Leppälä (construction phase)
design team: Ransu Helenius, Juha Pakkala, Iida Hedberg
main contractor: Governing Body of Suomenlinna / Heikki Malinen

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