Xibin south road is an important part of the historical style of Jinyun ancient city. It is not only the pilot area for Jinyun to further develop the creation of urban style model area, but also the opening work for Jinyun to implement the “Millennium ancient city revitalization plan”. For a long time, there have been high density, old environment, lack of facilities Serious aging and a series of “aging” symptoms, as well as many thorny problems such as tight demolition funds, difficult resettlement policies and high willingness of indigenous people to move back. The design team has carried out four measures in urban and rural historical areas to protect historical and cultural memory, improve ecological living environment, improve public service supporting facilities and optimize basic urban functions, so as to continue the fireworks of the old city full of collective memory The essence is to improve the urban context and even the overall operation quality in a more gentle, gradual and accurate way.
▼项目概览，overall view of the project ©林 松
▼溪滨南路改造前的景象，Scene before the reconstruction of Xibin South Road ©I Studio言吾建筑
In the first field investigation, the design team realized that the historical pattern formed by Jinyun after thousands of years since the Tang Dynasty has great regional characteristics and cultural value. The ancient city is surrounded by mountains, with a good stream passing through it, and the two banks are connected by various forms of bridges to form an organic whole. Many historical buildings are scattered in the ancient city in a staggered and overlapping manner, especially the unique experience of spreading and growing from the cross Street, which not only reflects the track of the development of Jinyun city, It also shows the life of Jinyun people in different periods.
▼缙云石城的整体山水环境，The overall landscape environment of Jinyun stone city ©林 松
We pay special attention to the continuation of the ancient city spatial pattern of cross street, the core business district on the North Bank of zihaoxi, connecting Wuyun Bridge pavilion and Shuinan Street on the south bank through Longjin bridge, and the overall landscape environment composed of mountains on both sides of Haoxi. In some areas, we remove illegal buildings and repair landscape landscape in order to further dredge and strengthen the existing sight corridor.
▼自好溪与水南街之间的联系，The connection between zihaoxi and Shuinan Street ©林 松
From the relationship between the picture and the background, the texture of the streets and lanes on both sides of Haoxi is relatively complete, showing the historical ring of gradual growth, full of the collective memory of Jinyun people, which needs to be carefully preserved. The architect timely adjusted the design strategy for several houses with great demolition difficulty in Shuinan area, harmonized with the surrounding buildings through the coordination method of minimum intervention, and finally extended the boundary life of street texture more completely in another way.
▼缙云古城历史格局的延续策略，The continuation strategy of the historical pattern of Jinyun ancient city ©I Studio言吾建筑
In addition to the necessary demolition and reconstruction of the old cinema and Wuyun Bridge pavilion, many old stone buildings with acceptable style are retained along Xibin South Road, which highlight the vicissitudes of these years engraved on stone buildings on the basis of continuing the historical style through many measures such as building reinforcement, facade repair, pipeline combing and floodlighting.
▼整饬后沿街老建筑延续的石城风貌，After the renovation, the old buildings along the street continue the stone city style ©林 松
▼河岸街道航拍顶视图，aerial top view of the bank ©林 松
The rich life atmosphere of Jinyun old city has always deeply touched the softness of the architect’s heart, Therefore, we have retained many smoky life scenes along Xibin South Road: the Longjin bridge, once a must for young people to get together and fall in love, is hung with festival colored lanterns in the form of an abstract corridor bridge, and the Wuyun Bridge pavilion with the strong smell of Jinyun baked cakes is still smoking after renewal,All kinds of shops and stalls along the road did not stop playing the discount selling sound of tape recorders with the characteristics of the 1980s because of the transformation.
▼整饬后延续的生活场景，Life scene continued after straightening ©林 松
The one-way traffic mode of Xibin South Road directly leads to the inconvenience of residents’ travel. Therefore, the design team suggests to restore the original two-way traffic mode of motor vehicles on both sides of Xibin Road, and on the basis of retaining the street trees on both sides of the road for many years, make use of the idle space on the roadside and in the streets to set up temporary parking spaces and permanent parking lots according to local conditions to meet the urgent parking needs of residents. Considering the unique landscape resources on both sides of Haoxi River, a single-sided continuous pedestrian greenway is set at the revetment in a cantilever way to provide ideal basic conditions for residents’ outdoor exercise in the morning and evening.
▼拓宽提升后的溪滨南路，Widened and upgraded Xibin South Road ©林 松
There are more middle-aged, elderly and children among the residents in this area. In order to meet the basic continuity and safety of walking, all plates of the road section adopt the same elevation to have a certain flexibility. This also provides a highly flexible general possibility for holding cultural fairs and other similar celebrations during the opening of the National Day.
▼改造后的街道满足步行基本的连续性和安全性，The transformed streets meet the basic continuity and safety of walking ©林 松
The architect planned five pocket parks by using the gaps between buildings and the open space after the demolition of illegal buildings, and implanted public facilities and activity facilities, in order to fundamentally alleviate the embarrassing situation of lack of supporting facilities and obsolete facilities in Shuinan area. At present, The movie park on the corner of the old cinema it has been completed, which has greatly promoted the people’s amateur life in this area. The square is endowed with proper daily life through local sinking of the floor, setting of leisure seats and embellishment of tall trees: on a midsummer night, the breeze comes slowly. On the corner square, open-air movies. Under the big trees, the old people play chess. On the side of the shallow pool, they hang down and play in the water. In front of the stone wall, they are everywhere The sound of popularity. An inch of land, graceful posture. There is much joy in the story of stone city. How is life?
Visual continuity between the old building and the public space ©林 松
Acupuncture and moxibustion is a traditional diagnosis and treatment method of traditional Chinese medicine. It stimulates the vitality of the whole meridians and even body functions by stimulating local acupoints. The use of this concept in urban organic renewal often has a catalytic effect: through the implantation of small public service functions, follow the principle of minimum intervention,improve the service quality, cultural taste and public attributes of the city.
▼建筑针灸策略示意图，Schematic diagram of architectural strategy ©I Studio言吾建筑
The architect used three idle places along Xibin South Road (or partially idle) public buildings are implanted with life supporting functions: the old cinema is transformed into a living intangible cultural heritage exhibition center serving the old city, and has multiple functions of tourism reception, cultural discussion and urban public toilets; combined with the health care function of the traditional Chinese medicine hospital, the bottom floor of the road side is partially transformed into a day care center for the elderly; the street area on the first floor of the county library is full Urban study shared by citizens. After micro transformation and embedding supporting functions, these public facilities have realized flexible sharing and full-time opening, which has laid a foundation for driving the self-renewal of the area based on long-term development.
▼在闲置的公共建筑内植入生活配套功能，Implant life supporting functions in idle public buildings ©林 松
It is worth mentioning that Jinyun cinema, designed by the late Professor Ge Ruliang of the Department of architecture of Tongji University, is itself a famous excellent historical building. Its repair, transformation and regeneration have experienced a long, tortuous and careful design and construction process, but we always insist that the three color strip stone facade with new local style of the old cinema, the asymmetric building in the projection hall and the original waterscape garden on the east side of the main building are the three elements that constitute the uniqueness of the building, It needs to be retained in different ways in this transformation.
▼缙云电影院新旧更替示意图，Schematic diagram of old and new replacement of Jinyun cinema ©I Studio言吾建筑
The design team first found that the operation mode of a single screening Hall of the cinema was contrary to the current commercial operation mode of circular screening of multiple small halls. In addition, the local traditional Wu Opera performance in Jinyun was extremely active, so it proposed to repair the main body of the retained old cinema inside and outside, and take the way of “repairing the old as the beginning, making up the new as the new” as the place to display the intangible cultural heritage in a live manner.
▼具有遗址感的电影广场，Film square with a sense of ruins ©林 松
Considering the high density and almost no blank space around Jinyun cinema, the architect believes that it is extremely necessary to replace the original box office with an urban open space located on the street corner. Because instead of taking the whole Jinyun cinema as a monument for original reconstruction and static display, it is more valuable to create an urban square that adapts to contemporary life, surrounds local culture and lives in the hearts of the people. However, we deeply regret that we failed to completely preserve the historical pattern of Jinyun cinema. We reproduced the original architectural outline on the square pavement at the original site of the box office, and built a memorial city square with a sense of relic scene by combining stone parapet, greening vegetation and reserved waterscape.
▼修旧如初的缙云电影院，Jinyun cinema, which has been repaired as before ©林 松
▼票房原址将原建筑轮廓复现于广场铺装，the project reproduced the original architectural outline on the square pavement at the original site of the box office ©林 松
Combined with the fact that the original terrace of the performance hall is a slightly inclined plane rather than a conventional ladder, the architect boldly proposed to cancel the fixed seats on the first floor and place temporary seats only when there is a performance. On the one hand, it is inspired by the simplification of the viewing mode of rural drama, on the other hand, it is expected to have the flexibility to accommodate a variety of activities. The whole screening hall is open to citizens during a large number of non performance periods, especially in rainy season and winter. It can provide a covered city square for their leisure and square dance after dinner. We are gratified that during the trial operation, this old building, which is rejuvenated, has successfully held the fourth yellow emperor culture academic seminar and several Wu Opera performances with Jinyun characteristics during the Yellow Emperor Festival this year.
▼“修旧如初，补新以新”，”repairing the old as the beginning, making up the new as the new” ©林 松
spiral staircase of the cinema ©林 松
spiral staircase of the cinema after renovation ©林 松
▼改造后的电影院放映厅，cinema hall after renovation ©林 松
The word “pyrotechnic gas” was first seen in the “one day Zen knowledge” that “the world of mortals is secular, good days are smoked out from fireworks.” Today, we often compare it with the concept of elite culture such as elegance and gentry, which means the traces of the daily life of secular people. In the context of urban renewal, retaining fireworks can be understood as implanting or reproducing the scenes of daily life in the historical environment. It is an indispensable and important measure to stimulate the vitality of space, activate the spirit of place and show the charm of the city. Proper fireworks are the concrete manifestation of daily life. Even in the context of modern cities, it can still make the environment have a strong human flavor. Architects do not need to add local materials and traditional styles to obtain regional “traditional ingredients”, which can still boil the local flavor. We should try to create a dialogue between the old and new scenes, carefully maintain the daily fireworks, and explore ways to make the valuable parts of past life reappear vitality in modern time and space.
▼项目夜景，night view of the project ©林 松
▼改造后电影院底层平面图，ground floor of the cinema after renovation ©I Studio言吾建筑
▼改造后电影院立面图，elevations of the cinema after renovation ©I Studio言吾建筑
设计成员：汪坤玮、王 鹏、季宇雁、陈 晨、屈吕庭