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Under the Hufeng Temple
▼建筑外观，external view of the building
The project is located in HufengMountain Village, Zengjia Town, Shapingba District, Chongqing City. It is built by an old path and is hidden in the forest. Along the pavement, you can see the site of the Hufeng Temple, which is buried in the grass on the top of the mountain, with only several Buddhas remained inside. That is the origins of the name of the project. With the gradual development of Chongqing University Town, where Hufeng Mountain Village is located, during these years, it has added a strong artistic atmosphere to Hufeng Mountain, which is only 20-minute drive from the core area of the University Town. Many artists from Sichuan Fine Arts Institute, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing University and other universities have settled in Hufeng Village, opening studios, galleries, hostel and tea houses.
before and after renovation, (left) after renovation / (right) before renovation
The building area of the project is about 800㎡, but for the purpose of public welfare and openness, there are only seven guest rooms and one master room on the second and the third floor. The rest area is for public uses: the reception at the entrance, the intangible cultural heritage exhibition hall (reception hall) on the ground floor and the reading space by the boundless pool. This organization of function not only innovates the mode of the guest house, but also offers the unique social value and humanistic concern, making it an unforgettable memory for visitors.
▼建筑鸟瞰，在二三层建造民宿，aerial view of the building with guest rooms on the second and third floors
Inheritance and Renewal
The renewal of the building brings the thinking and reshaping of the relationship between old and new. The base of the project is a courtyard house enclosed by a broken earthen wall. To inherit the special characteristics and culture of the mountain villages in the southwestern region of China, the newly buildings try to restore the original form of the site by controlling the scale and encirclement of the volume. Another point also shows the respect for the original site: the vertical distance between the site and the upper road is about 50 meters, but both the designer and the owner insisted on not repairing the road, so the only link is a stone foot path that is about one meter wide. The visitors walks on the bluestone slab, accompanied by the breeze blowing through the bamboos. After passing through a pool, they saw the old earthen wall at the end and they know that they arrive their destination, as experiencing a spiritual baptism of natural and a journey full of the sense of ritual.
▼入口处的游客接待驿站，entrance to the guest house
▼下部为夯土墙，上方为玻璃体块，二者形成对比，contrast between the rammed earth walls and the glass box above
▼夯土墙上加建钢结构遮蔽雨水以防侵蚀，steel structure protects the rammed earth wall from erosion
Excepting inheritance and retention, it is more important to think about how to activate and revitalize. After negotiating with the owner, the designer decided to abandon some use of the ground floor area to retaining the old wall along the pavement. Waterproofing is the key to protect the earthen wall. In order to prevent the erosion of rainwater，a tea house with a good view is structured over the earthen wall. In terms of materials, it is mainly used steel and glass to create a strong contrast with the traditional wall below. Sitting in the tea house, when you look up, there is the forest; when you looking down, there is the old earthen walls, which is a dialogue between modern and traditional. In addition, most of the enclosed structures in the lower public spaces, such as intangible cultural heritage exhibition halls and restaurants, use the improved earthen wall with new technology, which are both an echo of the old earthen walls and an injection of new vitality. Strolling between the courtyards, walking through the building, from the old earthen walls at the entrance, to the prime concrete of the main building, then to the steel structure of stairs at the corner, all shows the logic of the evolution of the material from tradition to modern, which reflects the designer’s response and interpretation of the new and old relationship of this venue. This old house has been “reborn” at this moment.
▼玻璃体块内为餐厅，dining space in the glass box
The host is full of enthusiasm and perseverance for the pure mountain life, and hopes to provide a peaceful place for the people who have been tired of the busy city live. Through the previous site survey, all the large trees in the site are located and retained. Even though the layout of the building and landscape were adjusted several times for the position of the trees. In addition, a series of landscape terraces and the slope roofs are adjusted according to the trend of the mountain, which enrich the view and maximize the use of the landscape. You could stand on the highest terrace, overlooking the Hufeng area, enjoying the forest and lake in the mist. Besides, you can also sit by the boundless pool, enjoy the reflection in the water, sensing the breeze. There is a balance between the natural and artificial landscape.
▼项目保留基地中的树木，新老材料形成对比，original trees are remained in the project, the new materials having dialogue with the old ones
▼一层非遗展厅，exhibition room on the first floor
▼西侧院落，courtyard on the west
▼乡间书屋与无边水池，study room with infinity pool
▼庭院细部，details of the courtyard
Today there are lots of people who passionate about nature. The guest house is such a work exudes the sense of nature，from the landscape to the craft. The entrance corridor is paved by the remaining bamboo rafts which are embedded in the soil, interspersed with gravel. Walking into the courtyard, there are no traces of artificial design of the landscapes. The naturally growing weeds have no sense of desolate, but adding more vitality. Throughout the yard, from the southeast to the northwest, through the layout of the building and the change of the floor height, we can form the overlapping and virtual-real line-of-sight relationship. Across the corridor next to the reading space, a three-story building appears with an elegant courtyard and lawn，which could be a big surprise. The sense of“wild”infiltrates into every corner of the space, showing the beauty of nature without artificial design.
▼西院的三层客房，three-leveled guest house in the west courtyard
▼客房间的楼梯，staircase between the guest rooms
▼树影斑驳的一米阳台，one-meter balcony with tree shadows
The style of the rooms is also tend to be “wild” . Although there are only seven rooms, each room has different position and styles according to different themes. Some furniture are even got from the nearby villages，which make the space more wild. The rooms are all facing east, and the floor-to-ceiling glass window allows the morning light through the forest to sway into the house, while ensuring a good view of the landscape. All the designs，such as the indoor swing, the roof garden, the bathtub in which the guest could see the top of the Hufeng Mountain and the one-meter balcony, give each room a unique style, while keeping a common point – simple and elegant.
▼风格各异的客房内部，interior of the guest rooms in different styles
▼客房细部，guest room details
Folk wisdom in the construction of the native structure
The construction of the folk structures is full of wisdom. Under the condition of no access, there is a great restriction with the transportation of building materials. To solve this problem, after the field survey, iterative selection and negotiation, an iron chute was made to connect the road and the unloading place on a flat ground near the project site. Then the building materials were transported to the site by trolley through a sidewalk. However, for the later decoration, the vulnerable items such as glass, furniture and sanitary ware, were still only transported by hand. The hardship of construction always runs through the whole process of project. However, facing different difficulties in different periods, the owners, designers and construction team responded actively. Although the construction period lasts for nearly two years, at the moment of all completed, all staffs got great satisfaction and gratification which is unmatched by any other normal projects.
▼镀锌铁皮敲打出的施工滑槽与建造过程，construction process with slide way made by galvanized iron
This is the utopia looked forward by people who lives in the cities. Under this background, the thinking and the creation of the project could be a successful attempt. However, this is not only a project to create an Eden being far away from the real world. Based on the aim of openness and public welfare, the designer regards the site and the nature with a humble attitude. This project exerts the sense of seclusion and wildness and shows the humanistic concern. At the same time, the work expresses a different attitude and sustainable vitality among the guest houses which merge a lot recent years.
▼建筑谦逊地面对自然，the project responds to the nature in a humble way
▼清晨的客房与露台，guest room and terrace in the early morning
▼一层平面图，first floor plan
▼二层平面图，second floor plan
▼三层平面图，third floor plan
设计团队：胥向东 钟祁序 袁文光 王月冬 陈卫 张湘苹王世达李飞扬
Project Name: Hufeng Mountain Guest House
Design: Yueji Design
Design year: 2017.02——2017.06
Leader designer: Tian QI, Li Jun
Design Team: XuXiangdong, Zhong Qixu，Yuan Wenguang，Wang Yuedong，Chen Wei, Zhang Xiangping, Wang Shida, Li Feiyang
Project location：Shapingba District, Chongqing City
Gross Built Area (square meters)：800m²
Photo credits：Liu Guochang, Ling Zi
Materials: Earth, Steel, Glass, Concrete, Paint, Bamboo, Wood
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