Leeko Studio made its first rural construction works in the town of Tongxiang, Zhejiang, that is, Huateng hog house exhibition hall. Huateng Animal Husbandry hopes this building can display the processing of pork and the pork products, and takes it as a starting point for the development of tourism industry throughout the ranch. Leeko Studio designed the farm with a combination of red bricks, concrete, washed stone, natural light, water, as well as workers’ unexpected “free play”.
For Leeko Studio, Huateng hog house is a new attempt. What kind of the attitude of the architect to confront with China’s current large-scale rural construction? How to make it easy to design? How not to be influenced by Japanese fresh style and not being abducted by today’s collective aesthetics at the same time? How to make the construction of the “Seemingly rough but in fact fine” in the absence of good support? How to make yourself a more relaxed and natural way to build a house?
▼建筑外观，view of the architecture
Keep the natural light with the lighting tube in the hog house exhibition hall
Before the design of hog house exhibition hall, we renovated facade at first. The design of pigsty is only a prelude, through this process, we understand the form of the hog house, and take a look at the high-tech hog raising of Huateng. These basics inspired us to evolve the architectural form of the exhibition hall from its basic architectural form. The exhibition hall continues the existing profile, and adds the lighting tube to keep the natural light and ventilation. At that time, the day-lighting roof was the only chance of this building. Due to cost, the skylight did not open but keep the natural light. When completed, the building stands between the sales hall and art exhibition halls.
▼在猪圈的坡屋顶上加了采光筒，adds the lighting tube to the former profile
▼展厅延续了现有猪圈的剖面形式，the exhibition hall continues the existing profile
Clever combination of water treatment system and the house design
At the first beginning, the owner introduced their high-tech hog raising since they invited Belgian experts who have been guiding pig farm construction and feed research in pig farms for a long time. Meanwhile, they had a management system to monitor the health of pigs, to isolate sick pigs, and to ensure that their pigs do not have antibiotics. Among the many high-tech technologies in pig farms, the only we can use is the water recycling system in the hall. Other ordinary pig farms directly discharge pig manure and it will pollute the environment. While the pig manure is extracted, dried, carbonized, and converted to high-quality fertilizer here, this can be sold in a relatively high price. In addition, the pig’s urine and the rinse pigsty water will get into the cycle of purification ponds, which is equipped with a variety of plants with water treatment capacity, planted according to their purifying capacity. After the purification, the water will be diverted to the exhibition hall, appearing as a water feature forms between the exhibition hall and the Wind-rain corridor.
As for how to use the circulating water, I take the existing landscape design in the media into consideration but failed. Water is particularly important here, since it has the significance of environmental protection instead of the traditional “water features”. I’m about to elevate it as a building material and make it an integral part of the building space. Meanwhile, it will be the first sight when tourists enter the farm. Due to its significance, why not let the arrival of water has a strong sense of ritual? But how can we make it natural?
▼巧妙的水处理，clever combination of water treatment
In the process of designing, I learned from the owner that in order to support his friend who was studying water lily, he was ready to buy a lot of water tanks to be placed in the parking lot while the water lily in the tank can become a sight spot. The water tank is pretty cheap, as long as one hundred yuan for each. It inspired me that the tanks allow the water space of a sense of ritual and retrieve the traditional elements as well.
In the past China’s large families, palaces and other places, there is a tradition to store water by tanks. On the one hand, it means saving money because Chinese people regarded water as finance. On the other hand the water can be used for fire prevention. The pig farms do not have the task of firefighting, but the water tank does have a fortune, because the water purification system saves a lot of water, and at the same time a variety of plants that purify the water also produce good economic value. Above all, the pig’s excrement will not be disordered, and its value has been found.
▼以水缸为景寓意传统，tanks as design elements
From “the coming of the Holy Spirit” to “flying pigs”
In the design process, the owner specifically requested a flying pig logo, and there must be a main entrance. Pig can fly to heaven? Of course not if rely on humans. Neither can one be cleansed by their own good deeds, nor can pigs fly with their own wings. The Open Hand Monument created by Le Corbusier in Chandigarh is actually a pigeon, representing the Holy Spirit. Only when the Holy Spirit comes down can the human’s unclean soul is sublimated, even pigs, which regarded as unclean by many people, can fly like angels. Therefore, Le Corbusier’s pigeon in Chandigarh is the leader while the flying pig is the result of sublimation by the leader.
▼主入口的飞猪标志，a flying pig logo at the main entrance
The accidental cross
During the construction, workers added their designs to the lighting tube of the glass. We adopted double-insulated glass while they used the ordinary tempered glass. Due to the insufficient glass strength, workers instinctively set up a “cross” as a support. At my first sight, I was about to get angry while found that the workers were just not doing what the architects meant. But must the architect be true? Actually not necessarily, it is ignorant and arrogant to affirm your own truth. I was inspired by the workers’ “mistake”. Isn’t the cross above representing a church space? Maybe the next is the prototype of a church!