Burgos is the Spanish province with more little villages. Most of them, in the process of depopulation. This phenomenon of social emptying has a direct impact on local architecture, in many cases in decline and a process of ruin. This situation gives rise to a characteristic environment full of buildings, that time ago gave place to a prolific activity that maintained the rural population.
▼住宅外观，General view © Adrián Vázquez
这些建筑在今天成为了度假场所，在一年中的其他时间，这里保持着略带忧郁的宁静氛围。Huerta de Rey住宅便是其中一个具有代表性的例子，而正是这种背景决定了房屋自身的独特性和它融入衰退乡村环境的设计意图。
Currently these places are vacation spots that, during the rest of the year, maintain a somewhat melancholic serenity. Huerta de Rey is a clear example of this. And it is this context that defines the character of the house and its intention of being integrated into the characteristic decayed rural environment that surrounds it.
▼朝向街道层的立面，Facade facing the street level © Adrián Vázquez
▼朝向花园层的立面，Facade facing the garden level © Adrián Vázquez
▼侧立面，Side facade © Adrián Vázquez
▼轴测图，Axon © Mecanismo
The plot is located between two streets that limit it on its northern and southern boundaries. These streets are located at different heights with respect to the plot, the north street, three meters above and the south street below. It is along the northern boundary, where the house is implanted, leaving the rest of the south-facing plot totally free. It solves the contact with the street by creating a hermetic ceramic block wall that isolates the house from the less favorable orientation and privatizes it with respect to the street. Only this wall opens slightly in its central part, giving rise to the access and with a lattice that reveals the double-height patio, which goes down to the lower level of the house.
▼密闭的砖墙解决了建筑与街道的接触问题 © Adrián Vázquez
A hermetic ceramic block wall was created to solve the contact with the street
▼入口和格状窗洞，The access and the lattice © Adrián Vázquez
The lattice that reveals the double-height patio © Adrián Vázquez
The house is structured in two parts that are clearly identifiable as they are resolved with different materials. The first one that gives rise to a large ceramic block wall, which faces the north facade and functions as a basement at the level of the garden, and it is where all the common spaces are housed, the bathrooms on the upper floor, and the living room, kitchen and toilet on the garden level.
▼从双层天井望向室内空间 © Adrián Vázquez
View to the internal space from the double-height patio
▼天井墙面细节，detailed view of the patio wall © Adrián Vázquez
Suspended and connected on the upper level to the block volume, a piece of raw concrete emerges that flies to the south part, forming the porch below it and containing the three bedrooms. In this way, a clear functional scheme is generated, coinciding with the structure and materiality of the project.
The spaces are arranged optimizing functionality and positioning themselves within the house according to their degree of privacy. Always prioritizing optimal natural lighting and protecting itself from the direct incidence of the sun by means of flights, which contributes, together with the controlled orientation of the openings and the semi-buried situation of the ground floor, to the natural thermal regulation of the house.
The raw concrete volume forms a porch below it © Adrián Vázquez
▼上方楼层容纳三间卧室，the concrete volume contains the three bedrooms © Adrián Vázquez
The materials used have to do with the situation and the integration of the house in the context and its adaptation to a limited execution budget. The ceramic block placed on the bone and in a different way in each situation, gives rise to a ventilated facade with texture and dynamism. The crushed concrete is shown in its most primitive state, highlighting its rough and irregular stony nature.
▼陶土砖墙和材料细节，Ceramic block and wall details © Adrián Vázquez
Inside, natural materials. Granite and oak wood are combined in paneling and flooring, creating a warm atmosphere.
▼厨房，kitchen © Adrián Vázquez
All this gives shape to a house that responds in an integral way to the rural nature that surrounds it.
▼建筑夜景，Night view © Adrián Vázquez
▼花园层平面图，Garden floor plan © Mecanismo
▼入口层平面图，Entrance floor plan © Mecanismo
▼剖面图，Section © Mecanismo
Project: Single-family house, 248 square meters
Location: Huerta de Rey (Burgos)
Companies that have participated:
Client: private developer
Design and architecture: mecanismo, Marta Urtasun y Pedro Rica
Photography: Adrián Vázquez
Technical architect: Fernando Díez
Constructor: Mozo SL
Kitchen: Cubro Design