Ethnographic Museum, Tartu, Estonia by DGT

建于伤痕之上

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Appreciation towards DORELL.GHOTMEH.TANE / ARCHITECTS for providing the following description:

伴随着19世纪本国文学、戏剧和音乐,以及民族意识的初步成型,爱沙尼亚国家意识觉醒运动席卷全国,并最终与于1920年前后成功脱离沙俄帝国。然而独立的政权仅维持了十余年,二战期间,国家经历了苏联和第三帝国的轮番统治,并与1944年正式并入苏联。在战火的摧残下,爱沙尼亚失去了约25%的人口,90000名死难者的数据即使在二战主战场-欧洲大陆,也让人触目惊心。

012-Estonian National Museum by DGT

During the nineteenth century Estonia experienced an ‘age of awakening’ with the spread of a national consciousness and the establishment of Estonian language literature, theatre and professional music, as well as the formation of the Estonian national identity. Estonia initially gained its independence from Soviet rule in the 1920’s, only for its parliament to be disbanded in 1938. During World War II, Estonia was occupied and annexed first by the Soviet Union and subsequently by the Third Reich, only to be re-occupied by the Soviet Union in 1944. War losses in Estonia, at around 25% of population, were among the highest in Europe and an estimated 90,000 Estonians died.

▽ 建筑位于苏联遗留空军基地跑道末端,building becomes a continuation of the airfield

001-Estonian National Museum by DGT

▽ 建筑与军事基地遗留建筑,building and the remain of Soviet military base

005-Estonian National Museum by DGT

▽ 缓缓抬升的屋顶指向无尽的虚空,roof lifting and expanding towards ‘infinite space’

003-Estonian National Museum by DGT

▽ 建筑另一侧则与跑道相连,connect to the runway at the other side

006-Estonian National Museum by DGT

009-Estonian National Museum by DGT

幸运的是,历史已经永远成为历史。继1991年8月20的二次独立后,爱沙尼亚于2004年加入欧盟,进入了社会文化和经济的复苏、高速发展时期。而在第二大城市塔尔图建造爱沙尼亚国际博物馆的决定,则是人民对国家身份和独特历史文化认同感的最好证明。本次国际竞赛于2005年启动,34000平米的建筑内将会收藏高达14万件展品。

Estonia regained its independence on 20 August 1991 and joined the European Union in 2004. It has since embarked on a rapid programme of social and economic reform. The creation of the new Estonian National Museum, to be located in the city of Tartu, is testament to the quest for reawakening a pride in national identity and a unique cultural history. The international competition for the design and execution of the 34 000 m2 building, housing a collection of 140 000 objects, was launched in 2005.

▽ 深邃的入口仿若漩涡,entrance

007-Estonian National Museum by DGT

008-Estonian National Museum by DGT     011-Estonian National Museum by DGT

014-Estonian National Museum by DGT

017-Estonian National Museum by DGT     016-Estonian National Museum by DGT

019-Estonian National Museum by DGT

来自DGT的方案突破了竞赛条例的限制。他们舍弃了原有场地,选择将新馆放置在国家悲痛历史的伤疤-附近区域的废弃前苏联军事基地上。建筑师相信唯有直面历史,从这个无论是精神层面还是空间层面上来说都最为特殊的地方着手,才能真正激活和重振这片区域。经过慎重的考虑,建筑被放置在机场跑道的末端,成为其在空间上的延续。缓缓抬升的屋顶指向无尽的远方,深邃的入口仿若漩涡,吸引着人们入内一探究竟。DGT打造了一个开放的建筑空间,无数的展览、表演或科普学习等公共活动将在此开展,人们在这里聚集、交流,感怀沉重岁月留下的精神遗产。

DGT’s proposal for this Museum challenged the competition brief. Instead of locating the building on the proposed site, DGT chose to reappropriate a nearby former Soviet military base as the setting for the Museum – a physically present ‘ruin’ of a painful history. They believed that the new Museum should play an essential role in the regeneration of the area and to do so it had to start by dealing with this heavily charged and spatially unique place. With a sensitive implementation on this site, the National Museum becomes a continuation of the airfield – its roof lifting and expanding towards ‘infinite space’ – inviting the visitor to enter into the landscape and into the heart of the museum. DGT’s design creates an open house for public activities – exhibition, performance, learning – a place of gathering and interaction, bringing people together to celebrate a rich, if sometimes painful, history.

▽ 内景,interior space

020-Estonian National Museum by DGT

021-Estonian National Museum by DGT

022-Estonian National Museum by DGT     023-Estonian National Museum by DGT

▽ 建造阶段,construction phase

024-Estonian National Museum by DGT

▽ 平面图,plan

EE01_Ground-floor-V2-test

▽  剖面图,section

EE01_Section-AA-1

Status: Ongoing. Opening in September 2016
Location: Tartu, Estonia
Dates: 2006 – 2016
Area: 34 000 m2
Commission Type : Public
Client: Ministry of Culture of Estonia
Program:Ethnographic Museum (Exhibitions spaces, conference hall, public library, auditoriums, educational rooms, offices, collection storages)
Architect: DGT, Paris
Engineering: ARUP, London (competition phase) / EA Reng AS, Tallinn (current phase)
Facade: RFR Engineering, Paris (competition phase)
Consultants: Bas SMETS, Herve AUDIBERT, Michel FORGUE
Management: EA Reng AS, Tallinn
Local Architect: HGA, Tallinn
Local Interior Arch: PILLE LAUSMÄE, Tallinn
Local Landscape: Kino, Tartu

Drawings: DGT
English Text: DGT
Chinese Text: gooood

MORE:  DORELL.GHOTMEH.TANE / ARCHITECTS,更多关于他们:  DGT on gooood

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