感谢 Asante Architecture & Design + Lönnqvist & Vanamo Architects予gooood分享以下内容。
Appreciations towards Asante Architecture & Design + Lönnqvist & Vanamo Architects for providing the following description
Econef儿童中心是由设计团队Asante Architecture & Design、Lonnqvist & Vanamo Architects、Architects Without Borders Sweden与致力于改善阿鲁沙地区孤儿生活水平的瑞典-坦桑尼亚非政府组织Econef合作完成的项目。在私人捐赠的帮助下，Econef为住在华卡里孤儿院的16名儿童提供日常必需品，保障他们的安全。 新的儿童中心包括可供25个孩子使用的睡眠区和教室。
▼拥有自耕田的中心后院， a central backyard from the tiller
Econef Children’s Center is a collaboration with Asante Architecture & Design, Lönnqvist & Vanamo Architects, Architects Without Borders Sweden, Engineers Without Borders Sweden and Econef, a Swedish-Tanzanian NGO that aims to improve the standard of living for orphans in the Arusha area. With the help of private donations Econef is able to offer security and everyday necessities for the 16 children living at the Jua Kali orphanage. The new Children’s Center includes sleeping quarters and classrooms for 25 children.
▼儿童中心内部概览，overview inside the centre
▼新的儿童中心包括可供25个孩子使用的睡眠区和教室，the new Children’s Center includes sleeping quarters and classrooms for 25 children
The aim of the Children’s Center Project is to increase Econef’s independence and reduce its reliance on private donations. To help achieve this goal the new buildings are planned to be ecologically and economically sustainable and largely maintenance free. The center produces its own electricity through the installation of solar panels. Systems for rainwater harvesting and natural ventilation are integrated into the architectural design. The construction techniques and materials are local and based on traditional techniques to minimize the need for external construction expertise and excessive transportation costs.
▼雨水收集和自然通风系统也被整合到建筑设计中，systems for rainwater harvesting and natural ventilation are integrated into the architectural design
▼从用餐区域向庭院看去，view to the courtyard from the dining area
▼独特的双层天花板设计让空气更为流通，unique double ceiling design allows air circulation
▼被抬高的波纹钢结构的屋顶，the wooden roof construction elevates the upper roof of corrugated steel
▼墙体由当地传统的烧制砖砌成，the walls are built of traditional local burnt bricks
The wooden roof construction elevates the upper roof of corrugated steel to create air flow between the roof and the inner ceiling. The space between the two roofs is covered with sisal poles to prevent insects and birds from nesting below the roof. The inner ceiling holds a layer of thermal mass, protecting against the heat of the sun and the lower temperatures at night. The walls are built of traditional local burnt bricks. The doors and the windows are welded. The louvered windows block the midday sunshine but still let in plenty of daylight.
▼内部天花板设有隔热层，既能抵挡日间的太阳也能在晚上调节低温，the inner ceiling holds a layer of thermal mass, protecting against the heat of the sun and the lower temperatures at night
▼建筑结构适应了非洲地区的特殊气候，the structure is adapted to the special climate of Africa
▼其中两个庭院拥有可以储水的地下水箱，two of the courtyards have underground water tanks that can store water
The African baobab tree can grow to be 20 meters in height, and has a unique quality to retain water. The trunk can hold up to 120,000 liters of water and can in this way survive the desert’s dry periods. Much like the baobab trees, the building harvests rainwater from the roof’s spine through a central gutter that leads water into two underground water tanks in two of the inner courtyards. The collected rain water serves several functions by supplying water to showers and laundry facilities.
▼房间的门窗都是焊接的，The doors and the windows are welded
▼用餐区域细部，details of the dining area
The children at the Econef orphanage have been involved in the planning process from the beginning. Not only has their knowledge of the local environment been essential for the design process, but their participation is also likely to result in a sense of ownership for the new facilities. The project has been a teamwork and a genuine cultural exchange between the Swedish project group, the international group of volunteers and the Tanzanian client organization and construction team.
▼户外娱乐区域，outdoor recreation area
▼儿童中心大门细部，details of the centre door
Lead Architects: Carolina Wikström, Frida Öster (Asante Architecture&Design), Pilvi Vanamo (Lönnqvist Vanamo Architects)
Design Team: Lukas Bidö (Asante Architecture&Design / Architects Without Borders Sweden), Jockum Beckeld (A-Direkt)
Clients: Pro-bono work for Econef Tanzania
Engineering: Cornelis Oskamp
Landscape: Anna Valman, Julia Vilkenas, Johanna Ardland Bojvall, Hanne Nilsson
Collaborators: ECONEF, Architects Without Borders Sweden, Engineers Without Borders Sweden
Photo credits: Robin Hayes