大同美术馆，国内新晋文化目的地，以当地艺术家油画为特色的特别展览吸引了来自全国各地的观众。作为大同新城文化广场的四大建筑之一，大同美术馆将成为该地区新兴创意产业的中心。项目由著名国际事务所Foster + Partners设计，极具雕塑感的建筑形式如同景观地形融入场地之中，一系列相互连接的金字塔拔地而起，画廊则隐藏在半地下空间中，被景观广场包围。一系列用于教育和学习的空间与美术馆的文化功能相辅相成，包括儿童画廊、媒体图书馆，以及充足的档案与艺术品收藏空间。
Datong Art Museum – an important new cultural destination in China – has opened to the public with a special exhibition featuring oil paintings by local artists. One of four major buildings within Datong New City’s cultural plaza, it is set to become a new hub for creative industries in the region. The building’s sculptural form has been conceived as a landscaped terrain with a series of interconnected pyramids emerging from below the earth – the gallery spaces are sunken below ground and surrounded by landscaped plazas. Complementing the museum’s cultural program are a series of spaces dedicated to education and learning, including a children’s gallery, media library, archive and art storage facilities.
▼项目概览，overall of the project © Yang Chaoying
Foster + Partners负责人Luke Fox说：“设计旨在将大同美术馆打造成人们的社交中心，大同的‘城市客厅’，将人们与艺术以及艺术家们汇聚在一起，促进三者之间互动。在美术馆的中心，尺度恢弘的画廊与灵活的展览空间充分体现出这一精神，同时满足了大型艺术品展览、行为艺术以及其他活动的特殊空间需求。”
Luke Fox, Head of Studio, Foster + Partners, said: “The museum is conceived as a social hub for people – an ‘urban living room’ for Datong – that brings people, art and artists together in a space where they can interact. At the heart of the museum, the Grand Gallery exemplifies this spirit with a generously scaled, flexible exhibition space designed to accommodate specially commissioned large-scale artworks as well as performance art and other events.”
▼美术馆外形如同一系列相互连接的金字塔，the art museum is shaped like a series of interconnected pyramids © Yang Chaoying
Visitors are guided towards the museum by strong diagonal paths in the landscaping. The entrance is via a winding sequence of ramps, which lead down into an open sunken plaza – this also provides an amphitheater for outdoor performances. Entering the building, visitors arrive at a mezzanine level that reveals a spectacular overview of the Grand Gallery, the social heart of the museum, which measures 37 meters in height and spans almost eighty meters. Further climate-controlled exhibition spaces are placed around the perimeter of the museum on a single level, allowing for ease of access.
▼美术馆与场地环境鸟瞰，bird’s eye view of the art museum and site environment © Yang Chaoying
▼入口广场坐落在场地的对角线上，The entrance plaza is located on the diagonal of the site © Yang Chaoying
The four interconnected roof pyramids increase in height and fan outwards towards the four corners of the cultural plaza. Natural light streams into the interior through roof lights, located at the apex of each pyramid. The design of the roof is a direct response to the large structural span of the building and the desire to create a vast, flexible column-free volume below, while mediating the smaller gallery spaces towards the edges. The roof is clad in naturally oxidized curved steel plates that help drain water and give a rich, three- dimensional quality to the surface. The panels are proportioned to suit the large scale of the museum and their linear arrangement accentuates the pyramidal roof form.
▼屋顶航拍顶视图，aerial top view of the roof © Yang Chaoying
▼屋顶细部，details of the roof © Yang Chaoying
▼线性排列进一步突出了金字塔屋顶的几何形态，linear arrangement of the panels accentuates the pyramidal roof form © Yang Chaoying
A key aspect of the building is the focus on education and learning with a dedicated children’s gallery, filled with sunlight from tall, south-facing windows. A smaller education centre and a media library complement the education program and there are facilities to support artists residencies, talks and conferences.
▼内部空间概览，overall of interior © Yang Chaoying
▼高37米，跨度近80米的主要画廊空间，The main gallery space is 37 meters high and spans nearly 80 meters © Yang Chaoying
▼与入口广场相连的夹层空间，Mezzanine space connected to the entrance plaza © Yang Chaoying
▼需要精密气候控制的展览空间则被规划在博物馆的边缘，Exhibition spaces that require sophisticated climate control are planned at the edges of the museum © Yang Chaoying
By sinking the building into the new plaza, the design relates in scale to the neighboring cultural buildings, balancing the overall composition of the district masterplan while maximizing the internal volume. A clerestory between each volume creates a naturally lit interior during the day, while creating a unique beacon for the new cultural quarter at night.
▼夜景鸟瞰，aerial night view © Yang Chaoying
▼美术馆尺度与周边文化建筑相呼应，The scale of the museum echoes the surrounding cultural buildings © Yang Chaoying
▼室内光线透过屋顶天窗照射出来，宛如黑夜中的灯塔，Light shines through the roof make the art museum like a beacon in the dark © Yang Chaoying
▼屋顶夜景细部，night view detail of the roof © Yang Chaoying
The building’s efficient passive design responds to Datong’s climate. High-level skylights take advantage of the building’s north and north-west orientation, using natural light to aid orientation while minimizing solar gain and ensuring the optimum environment for the works of art. Sinking the building into the ground along with a high-performance enclosure further reduces energy needs. The roof is mostly solid and is insulated to twice the building code requirements. “Designed for the future, we hope the museum will become the centre of the city’s cultural life – a dynamic public destination,” added Fox.
▼总平面图，master plan © Foster + Partners
▼夹层平面图，mezzanine level plan © Foster + Partners
▼画廊层平面图，grand gallery level plan © Foster + Partners
▼北立面图，north elevation © Foster + Partners
▼南立面图，south elevation © Foster + Partners
▼东立面图，east elevation © Foster + Partners
▼西立面图，west elevation © Foster + Partners
▼剖面图，section © Foster + Partners
Datong Art Museum
Datong, China 2010 – 2021
Architect：Foster + Partners
Foster + Partners Design Team：
Norman Foster / David Nelson / Spencer de Grey / Luke Fox / Michael Gentz / Zheng Yu / Meng Xia / Loretta Law / Bartenis Siaulytis / Yasuko Tarumi / Ahmed Hosny / Mitsunori Sano / Pil-Joon Jeon Yung Kim
Collaborating Architect：China Architecture Design and Research Group
Main Contractor：China Railway Airport Construction Group Co., Ltd.
Structural Engineer：China Architecture Design and Research Group
Cost Consultant：China Architecture Design and Research Group
Mechanical and Electrical Engineers：China Architecture Design and Research Group
Lighting Consultant：Claude Engle, BPI+THU
Client：Datong Municipal Administration of Culture Broadcasting Television Press & Publication
Construction start date：2011
Site Area：51605 m2
Building Footprint：13313 m2
The grand gallery height: 37.5m
Number of Buildings：1
Number of Storeys：3 storeys + 1 basement
Structure：Steel structure and concrete base.
Reinforced concrete shear wall and space truss roof.
Cladding：Curved profiled, oxidised steel roof cladding.
Main Materials：Concrete (Structure) Steel (Structure) Corroded Steel (Cladding) Plaster Boards (Interior)
Energy & Carbon：High-level skylights take advantage of the building’s north and north-west orientation, reducing artificial lighting demands.
A high-performance enclosure reduces energy use.
The roof (accounting for 70 per cent of exposed surface area), is insulated to twice building code requirements.
Materials & Waste：Steel structure with Corten steel facade, aluminium sheets as main roof build-ups.
Wellbeing：Provide public space and sunken courtyard to introduce natural light to the basement space. Art education space such as library, information center, lecture hall.
Awards：Gold Award of China’s Construction Engineering Steel Structure (2012, the highest honour of Chinese steel structure industry)