▼建筑外观，exterior view ©苏圣亮
The Library is situated on a hill next to Trail Bay in Huizhou. To the east, the project faces the CRLand Trail Bay residential neighborhood. To the south, the project enjoys views of the ocean through the campus of China Resources University designed by Foster + Partners. The main functions of the project are divided into two primary programs: an archive storage component, and a corporate showroom program. Link-Arc elected to have the 7590 square-meter archive storage and office space buried inside the hill, and have the 1390 square-meter upper floors exposed as showroom program.
▼场地剖面研究，long section study ©Link-Arc
参照 | Influences
From the very beginning of the process, the library design responded to two primary influences. The first of these is the hill on which the library is located. Since the hill is not large, an object-building on top would have been too imposing. Instead, we elected to embed the project into the topography. Carving and smoothing the landscape allows the building and the hillside to converge. The second influence is the nearby campus. While the library needed to showcase its independence from the university, it also needed to maintain a harmonious relationship with it. The height of the building was carefully modulated to be a bit higher than the hillside, but to be lower than the buildings on the China Resources University campus.
▼档案馆与小径湾山体，the library on the hill next to Trail Bay ©苏圣亮
依山 | By the hill
Embedded in the hill, the Archive Library has two main façades. The first is the low-key façade in the west that faces the university. From this vantage point, the project presents itself as a two-story showroom. The main entrance, articulated via a subtractive gesture, is carved from the Library volume, hidden beneath a cantilevered brick massing—only a shadow cast by the curved corner of the building implies the importance of the public space within, which is designed to a neat, square proportion.
▼山顶展厅入口， main entrance ©苏圣亮
▼展厅入口门厅，lobby of the exhibition hall ©苏圣亮
Located on the east side of the hill, the main form of the building responds carefully to the dramatic local topography. A series of stepped masses integrate the building into the hillside, while a series of folded ramps lead visitors from the foot of the hill to its peak. The six-story archive program is equipped with advanced temperature and humidity controls, a double-layered waterproof exterior wall, and anti-glare and anti-magnetic equipment. These innovations will allow the project to fulfill the client’s archival storage needs for next fifty years. The northeast corner of the building mass is cut at a dynamic and powerful angle, which creates visual tension and opens the interior space to the site beyond.
▼档案馆西侧退台， the stepped masses on the west side ©苏圣亮
The library includes multiple circulation paths arising from the site response and local topography. One of these is to enter the west campus lobby and experience the three showrooms from the bottom to the top. The second option is to climb the stairs and ramps atop the hill on the east side and enter the showrooms via the seventh floor balcony. The third option is to enter through the management entrance at the bottom of the hill, reach the office areas by elevator, and finally reach the showrooms at the top.
起承 | Introduction and Elucidation
The building faces the ocean, with the mountains serving as a backdrop. The archive library, however, expresses a specific attitude regarding views. Upon entering the building, visitors first walk through the lobby and turn left through the skylight hall. The showroom at the end of this sequence opens to the northeast. The room’s sloping ceiling keeps visitors focus on the interior and controls the views outward. From this space, visitors can see the landscape beyond without realizing that the bustling Trail Bay residential neighborhood likes just south of the site. It is only after visitors exit the showroom to the balcony that they are able to view the ocean beyond. Unlike typical projects facing the ocean, which often emphasize instant access to views, visitors to the Archive Library experience the ocean via a three-step process: hear the sea, smell the sea, and finally, view the sea. The desire to view the ocean only finds release after certain spatial sequence that makes the view even more precious.
▼公共展厅空间，public showroom ©苏圣亮
▼室外观海平台，viewing platform ©苏圣亮
内山 | The Inner Hill
A linear “skylight hall” connects the public ground floor to the permanent showroom on the second floor, and to the rooftop on the 3rd floor. Inside the corridor, the wall facing the lobby has two openings subtracted from its face: one occupying the corner (the stair entrance) and one along the face (accommodating a bridge). Behind this wall, a glazed tile surface catches the light from above. Sunlight floods onto the glazed tiles and pours into the lobby via the two openings, adding a splash of color to a calm interior space. The yellow glazed tile contrasts with the varied shades of gray that define the lobby and mark the pathway to the second floor. Once visitors reach the third floor, the experience of the space remains within their minds.
▼门厅空间，lobby interior view ©苏圣亮
▼天光通廊，skylight hall ©苏圣亮
The archive library effectively is a “void” carved from the landscape. The interior space of the archive library, then, can be considered a void within a void. If a hillside is the product of natural creation, it gives personal experience varied from one to another, then the refined interior space of the library can be understood as a “hill within a hill”—visitors must walk inside and experience themselves to truly understand its space.
▼内部空间构成草图，internal space design sketch ©Link-Arc
▼首层展览空间，showroom on the 1st floor ©苏圣亮
重量 | Weight
项目一开始就决定了用砖。一方面砖是一种朴素的自然材料，较为符合档案馆的气质；另一方面也与基地南侧的华润大学有关。福斯特所设计的后者采用了烧制的红色陶砖，加长的半砖（580 x 42 x 60 mm，烧制后稍有弯拱）；以此为参照，我们考虑用更朴素的灰砖，相对更标准的尺寸（253.5 x 50 x 90 mm）。
The use of brick was determined at the very beginning. Firstly, brick is a natural material, aligned with the ethos and gravity of a library program. Secondly, exterior brick cladding relates to the adjacent campus. For the China Resources University campus, Foster + Partners used fired ceramic tiles under lengthened brick units (580 x 42 x 60 mm, slightly curved after firing). As a reference, Link-Arc elected a simpler gray brick with a more standard size (253.5 x 50 x 90 mm).
▼建筑西南转角，the southwest corner ©苏圣亮
Traditional bricklaying methods imply basic physical relationships that express the concept of “weight”. Modern brick facades (designed to meet the requirements for larger contemporary buildings) need reinforcement beyond certain height to avoid brick deformation. Since this does not reflect the real physical characteristics of brick, modern buildings look lighter, and less substantial.
▼建筑西侧立面，west elevation detailed view ©苏圣亮
The 8,890 square-meter library is not large. However, we wanted to create a building with “weight”. The key to showcasing the weight of the brick relies on volume—the treatment of the corners determines this expression. Within a well-designed building each interface is also carefully considered—one elevation can look heavy, while the other can look light. Therefore, the articulation of corners (which allow transitions between elevations) is critical.
▼从华润大学北望档案馆，view to the library from the China Resources University ©苏圣亮
Since bricks can perform both negative and positive angles at their corners, a large brick construction can be imagined as either an additive construction of smaller brick boxes. The appearance of a positive angle or a “positive shape” in an indoor space actually turns the space “inside out”, blurring the boundary between interior and exterior. Also, bricks can be imagined as being excavated from a larger mass to create subtractive void spaces. These voids can draw natural light into the building, brings life to the interior spaces and reminds visitors of the natural world that exists beyond.
▼大厅内部，lobby interior view ©苏圣亮
▼自然光沿着各自的通道在建筑中穿行徜徉，the voids draw natural light into the building in different ways ©苏圣亮
工艺 | Craftsmanship
The material palette for the Archive Library is simple: Gray brick, stone, glass, black steel, and wood. The grey exterior brick is simple and sensitive. We can read the process of making (forming and firing) within each brick. Since the material comes from the land, it shares a natural bond with the hill that does not exist with other materials. During the design process, modifications to the bricklaying method enrich the concept of “wall”, allowing spaces to intersect with each other.
▼转角砖、钢、玻璃， the curved brick wall, steel and glass ©苏圣亮
▼砖幕墙研究模型，material study for brick ©Link-Arc
In addition to a flat brick treatment, two other formats were developed. A façade of protruding bricks creates strong light and shadow and a strong sense of three-dimensionality. A screened brick façade admits sunlight into the interior while maintaining the massing and allows for outward views from the interior.
▼六层办公户外平台，outdoor terrace on the 6th floor ©苏圣亮
▼六层办公室内空间，office interior view ©苏圣亮
The glazed tile on the side of the skylight staircase is made from volcanic rock. The tiles were fired in the Jingde town. Applying the glaze to the porous volcanic rock creates a unique texture for each tile. Traces of handcraft introduced during the firing process become visible in the sunlight. This enables the building to have a stronger conversation with the earth, with history, and with craft.
▼楼梯细部和室内釉面砖，stair and the glazed tile wall ©苏圣亮
▼手工釉面砖材料细部， glazed tile detail ©苏圣亮
▼场地平面图，site plan ©Link-Arc
▼首层平面图，1st floor plan ©Link-Arc
▼二层平面图，2nd floor plan ©Link-Arc
▼7层平面图，7th floor plan ©Link-Arc
▼8层平面图，8th floor plan ©Link-Arc
项目设计 & 完成年份：2018
项目团队：Hyunjoo Lee、 范抒宁、 Dongyul Kim、 李诗琪、 Alban Denic、 Yoko Fujita、 王笑石、Jean-Baptiste Simon、 胡辰、施苡竹
结构顾问：Yoshinori Nito Engineering and Design