The Cerrado is one of the country’s seven biomes and covers an area of 1.5 million km². It holds about a third of all Brazilian biodiversity, 5% of the world’s flora and fauna, and is home to the headwaters of the three largest hydrographic basins in the country (Amazon, São Francisco, and Paraná/Paraguay). It has a unique flora and stands out for its generously-spaced trees and low-slung brushwood, blending into a South-American variation on the African savannah and the European steppe. Given its ecological, geopolitical and cultural specificities, the Cerrado is considered the biome of national integration.
▼建筑与环境，building and surroundings © Gabriel Castro
The soils of the Cerrado were once regarded as too acidic to farm. But since agronomists began applying industrial quantities of lime in the 1980s, these soils have been transformed. The Cerrado now produces 70% of Brazil’s agricultural output.
▼建筑外观，appearance © Gabriel Castro
In recent years, the rate of ecological destruction of the Cerrado has been twice that of the Amazon, and while the majority of the Amazon rainforest still survives, more than 60% of the Cerrado’s former 200 million hectares have disappeared under the plough, and most of that within the last two decades alone. It has been a black hole for conservation: only 2% of the ecosystem is protected. However, Brazilian agriculturalists and ministers still talk as if it had no conservation value at all.
▼百叶细节，detail of louvers © Gabriel Castro
该项目位于Minas Gerais州的 Sierra da Moeda山脚下。有三间卧室，屋顶设置泳池，宽敞的楼梯可以通往屋顶露台。房间位于泳池之下，坐拥山脉、Cerrado和弯曲的树木等景观。北侧和西侧的百叶抵挡了暴晒。
The Cerrado House was built at the foothills of the Sierra da Moeda, a mountain range in the state of Minas Gerais. The three-bedroom house has a rooftop pool and a wide staircase that leads to the rooftop terrace. The rooms are right under the swimming pool and have views of the sierra, the Cerrado and its twisted trees. Louvers on the northern and western faces protect against the inclement sun.
▼通往屋顶露台的宽敞楼梯 © Gabriel Castro
wide staircase that leads to the rooftop terrace
▼屋顶泳池，rooftop pool © Gabriel Castro
▼人站在露台欣赏远处风景，people stand on the terrace and enjoy the scenery in the distance © Gabriel Castro
▼泳池细节，detail of pool © Gabriel Castro
The play between function and form here is spontaneous and undogmatic: the ramps and stairs of the swimming pool are stamped onto the façades and shape the internal space. The employment of the programmatic source is made directly manifest: it is a strategy that explores the programme/form relationship as an inevitable correspondence.
▼入口，entrance © Gabriel Castro
▼泳池下的客厅，living room under the pool © Gabriel Castro
▼卧室，视野开阔，bedroom，wide vision © Gabriel Castro
Seeking the plasticity of basic architectural elements, the project also exalts this underestimated and threatened biome: the Cerrado. There is no landscape design: the house sits on natural terrain, whose immensity and vistas are best seen from the pool terrace.
▼外观夜景，night view of appearance © Gabriel Castro
▼总平，site plan © Vazio S/A
▼一层平面，ground floor plan © Vazio S/A
▼二层平面，first floor plan © Vazio S/A
▼剖面，sections © Vazio S/A
Authors: Vazio S/A – Carlos M Teixeira, Leonardo Rodrigues (collab. arch.), Daila Araújo (collab. arch.), Frederico Almeida (collab. arch.)
Total area: 320 m²
Closed area: 142m²
Site: 3 ha.
Location: Moeda, Brazil
Architectural design: Vazio S/A
Structural design: RAD
Electrical design / Plumbing: Matheus Elias
Construction: Nova Engenharia
Main Suppliers :
Frames aluminum louvers: JJ Esquadrias
Marble and granite: Arq Pedras
Furniture: Vazio S/A
Pool: Sol e Ar