A Way on the Horizon
Many commercial buildings have recently been built along the coastline between Busan and Ulsan. It reflects people’s desire to break away from the city centre. However, most designs either blindly following perceived trends or are excessively commercial. It leads architects to feel obliged to revert to earlier fads.
CAFE’ LIEBELIEBE is a cafe’-and-housing project located in Ganjeolgot cape, Ulsan. The project site is 100m long and 12-18m wide, so long and narrow. On this eastern side of the site there are dense forests of pine forests, bamboo and acacia trees, and the coast of Ganjeolgot cape to the south. How should visitors be expected to make contact with an ocean 400m before them?
▼建筑概览，overview ©Yoon Joonhwan
A line Leading to Ganjeolgot Cape
▼分区轴测，division axonometric drawing ©PLS Architects
The sequence was planned according to the long and narrow site conditions perpendicular to the ocean. There are three sections, before reaching the water, where visitors can enjoy the ocean view after entering the opposite side of the ocean. The sequence consists of an entry area, a constructed artificial area, and the outer area where people can enjoy nature, and protruding walls create layers of spaces. There is a place where people can enjoy the connected scenery, both from the inside and outside. People experience architecture, listen to nature, and interact with the natural landscape. The walkway, which links multiple experiences, has been set up with a 2.1m-high waterway that not only provides the acoustic background of falling water but also helps the water circulation within the water that later emerges.
▼入口区鸟瞰，bird-view of the entrance ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼沿走廊设有跌水水道，waterway with height difference along the walkway ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼ 沿水道步入人工区，steps into the artificial area along the walkway ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼水道上的隔墙，steps and walls in waterway ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼人工区内凹空间，sunken space of the artificial area ©Yoon Joonhwan
As soon as you reach the artificial area along the waterway, you will find the Sunken Space and an entrance to the building. Entering the room, there is a long hallway, and the aforementioned water space unfolds. The expanse of water is an element that embraces the sky and the sea. We tried to embody images through an expanse that blurs the boundaries between the sky and the sea.Therefore, the height of the water was designed to match the horizon of the sea, and the untidy tour-sites environment remains as a part of the landscape. On the first floor, the ocean is connected to the house via the water space, and on the second floor, the veranda is planned widely to put architecture towards the sea.
▼建筑后方放开阔的水池，open water at the back of the building ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼建筑一层与海岸通过水池连接，the ocean is connected to the first floor via the water space ©Yoon Joonhwan
A Mixture of Commercial and Residential Spaces
▼建筑流线图，circulation drawing ©Yoon Joonhwan
Originally, there was a cafe’ run by the client before CAFE’ LIEBELIEBE. The client demolished the former cafe’ and bought additional land to proceed with the current project. She commissioned a building where commercial and residential spaces could coexist, requesting a clear separation of the two functions to balance work and life. Thus, residential space was placed in a U-shaped form, contrary to the attitude towards the commercial space. And a water space was installed at the entrance to distinguish the route to the cafe’ from the route to the residential area. This made it difficult for visitors to recognise residential space. There is also a road between which leads to the courtyard. The courtyard welcomes sunlight into the residential area where there is a limited number of windows due to the cafe’ outside. In the residential area, it applies a skylight, proposing an open interior-oriented dwelling. All of these characteristics made CAFE’ LIEBELIEBE consist of both commercial and residential spaces, but it protects clients’ privacy by separation schemes between commercial and residential areas.
▼咖啡馆二楼，商业空间采用u型布局，second floor of the cafeteria, U-shaped form of the commrcial space ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼夜色中的建筑，building at night ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼水池的灯光，light of the water space ©Yoon Joonhwan
▼场地平面图，master plan of the site ©PLS Architects
▼平面图，plans ©PLS Architects
▼剖面图，sections ©PLS Architects
Project name:CAFÉ LIEBELIEBE
Lead Architects: Park Kanghee, Lee Yeonjung, Shin Hyukhyu
Company name:PLS Architects
Project location:8, Ganjeolgot 1-gil, Seosaeng-myeon, Ulju-gun, Ulsan, Korea
Completion Year:June 2019
Design Team: Um Jiyoung
Clients: Jang Jinyoung
Collaborator S: MOA Structure
Collaborator M: GwangmyeongTotal Engineers
Collaborator E: GwangmyeongTotal Engineers
Construction : HyunRim Construction
Photo credits:Yoon Joonhwan