At the Dutch Design Week 2019, Studio Marco Vermeulen built the Biobasecamp, a pavilion that gives architectural expression to the contribution that ‘building with trees’ can make to reducing the amount of CO2 and nitrogen in the atmosphere through replacing conventional building materials such as concrete and steel with wood.
The pavilion deck is made up of large modular, removable floor parts made of cross-layer glued wood, called Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) in jargon. After Dutch Design Week, these can be reused as floor elements in, for example, new homes. The used cross-layer wood is made in a German factory from German softwood. But why is there no Dutch cross layer timber yet? By creating more economic value for wood, more forests can also be planted. The building assignment can in this way contribute to combating climate change and the quality of the Dutch landscape. This may also apply to the Brabant poplar landscape that originated for the production of clogs and matches. That is why the deck of the Biobasecamp is supported by strains of poplars that were recently on the A2 motorway near Boxtel, but had to be cleared due to their age and the associated risk of being blown over.
▼“生物基地营”展馆外观，exterior view of the Biobasecamp
▼展馆由大型的可移动模块化组件构成，the pavilion deck is made up of large modular, removable floor parts made of cross-layer glued wood
▼户外休息空间，outdoor seating area
Building against climate change
One of the main climate objectives is the reduction of our CO2 emissions. But can we also extract CO2 from the atmosphere at the same time? This is possible at high costs and in limited scale through machines currently being developed. However, there is still no machine as cheap and efficient as the tree. We learn early in school that trees convert CO2, under the influence of sunlight, into glucose to grow. When trees die and decay, this CO2 is released again. When we burn wood and use it to generate electricity and heat up our homes, the stored CO2 is also released. However, if we make building materials out of it, we can capture and store CO2 for dozens, perhaps hundreds of years!
In other words: by building with wood, CO2 is actually extracted from the atmosphere. In contrast to, for example, costly storage under the North Sea (CCS), this form of CO2 storage creates value in the form of buildings. The construction sector can thus play an active role in the fight against climate change. That is certainly true now that the Netherlands is on the eve of a huge housing challenge; one million houses have to be built in the Netherlands in the next 20 years. In addition, a large part of the existing homes must be made energy efficient. Both assignments act as a powerful driver for the transition to a biobased economy.
▼生物基地营首层的“树林”之间设立了相关展览，an exhibition has been set up among the trees of the Biobasecamp
The construction sector is responsible for a large portion of global CO2 emissions. The global pressure on natural resources is also high: 40% is used in construction. In the Netherlands, that amounts to 250 million tonnes of raw materials per year needed for infrastructure, residential and non-residential construction. In addition, the construction sector is overheated and qualified personnel are scarce causing prices to rise. Change in the construction sector is therefore necessary in order to realize the vast amount of new housing required. Building with wood offers an alternative whereby the total production capacity can be increased. Prefabrication and simple assembly methods can also increase construction speed.
Expo / Projects
An exhibition has been set up among the trees of the Biobasecamp in which the above-mentioned mission is illustrated with maps, objects and projects. The exhibition shows projects by Studio Marco Vermeulen and other objects that show the diversity and power of wood as a raw material. The exhibition also shows the historical interdependence of Dutch culture with wood and forestry. The subjects below have been exhibited in the biobasecamp.
▼The Dutch Mountains综合中心，The Dutch Mountains
▼Via Parijs，针对构建气候友好的荷兰的设计探索，Via Parijs, a design exploration for a climate neutral Netherlands
▼梵高国家公园游客中心，Visitors centre Van Gogh National Park
▼Peppelland观测塔，Peppelland Observation Tower
Design team Biobasecamp
Joost van der Waal
Bertus van Woerden
Consultants and partners Biobasecamp
Client and project management: Dutch Design Foundation, Eindhoven
Martijn Paulen, Edwin Schenk, Elise de Lange, Suna Karaca, Mine Stigter, Luc Hegeman, Marcel Schneidenberg
Architect pavilion, mission en exposition design: Studio Marco Vermeulen, Rotterdam
Marco Vermeulen, Bertus van Woerden, Joyce Langezaal, Joost van der Waal, Bram Willemse, Jasper Veldhuis
Structural engineering: Arup, Amsterdam and Lüning, Arnhem
Joost Lauppe, Roel Schierbeek, Jan-Pieter Kansen, Jos Wolters
Manufacturer of CLT panels and construction : Derix, Niederkrüchten (D)
Johan-Paul Borremans, Markus Derix, Arjan Winters, Sandra Huisman, Daan Kroesen
Steel producer: BLC de Kruijff, Rotterdam
Mark Ruiter and collegues
Supplier of poplar trees: Brabantse Populieren Vereniging
René Westerlaken, Frans van Boeckel, Jan-Frans van Boeckel
Traditional caulking: Blok Timmeratelier
Exposition constructor: Bart Cuppens, Rotterdam
Bart Cuppens, Jasper Droogers, Peter Krins, Henri Lammers, Gido Cuppens, Henk Gravendeel
Contactgegevens Studio Marco Vermeulen
3071 NG Rotterdam
+31(0)10 225 0030
A timelapse of the construction of the pavilion can be seen via: