In contemporary society, various people are chained to their cell phones and computer screens by the Internet。Most of them choose to release their negative emotions and great pressure in the virtual world instead of in the reality. In the context of Internet economy prevailing and real economy depressed, what kind of urban public space can attract people to outdoors? How to design a “beloved” park helping people to relieve their pressure?
▼公园整体鸟瞰图，overall bird-eye’s view of the park ©日野
What is the popular modern park like?
Hongshan lake civil park is located in the middle area between Guizhou Anshun CBD and the Hongshan reservoir. It was first built in 1985, and at that time, the “pocket park” with an area of only 2 hectares set a record of receiving more than 10,000 tourists during the festival thanks to the scenery of lakes and the fun of cruise rides. The park became Anshun citizens’ first choice for leisure. In the following decades, the park continued to expand. In 2017, Hongshan lake was approved as a national 4A tourist attraction, so more and more tourists came to visit the park. How to turn the park, which is the famous Anshun tourist attraction and the indispensable link between the city and nature, into a popular modern one? From the very beginning, two challenging questions were thrown to the design team. One is about people. For Hongshan park, known as “Anshun city reception hall”, it not only needs to meet local citizens’ daily leisure needs, but also needs to create enough attractions to tourists. Second, about nature. Anshun is one of the most spectacular examples of karst landscapes in China. There were lots of restrictions to do the design in such complex terrain conditions. How to integrate the design with the original ecological environment is a difficult problem that designers must face.
▼虹山公园区位，Hongshan Park’s location ©奥雅设计
In order to solve the problem, designers used a sociological research, which was conducted by many interviews with nearby residents and visitors, as the start point. After understanding the users’ requirements, based on the detailed site investigation results, the team contributed to the core design technique called minimal-invasive intervention. The design fits the characteristics of the site without unnecessary interference. The team focused on creating a comprehensive ecological public park integrating recreation and amusement.
▼公园总平面图，site plan of the park ©奥雅设计
Make use of the original vertical relationship and the preserved plant landscape, designers emphasized the origin rather than skills.
The project had complex elevation differences. The maximum relative height difference between the middle and west side of the existing forest land on the south side of the park is about 16 meters. The core design technique of minimal-invasive intervention is implemented by the design team from beginning to end. Make use of the original vertical relationship and the preserved plant landscape, designers emphasized the origin rather than skills.
▼公园剖面详解1，利用原有竖向关系、人地关系、植被关系因势造景，the section of the park 1, making use of the original vertical relationship and the preserved plant landscape to design ©奥雅设计
▼公园剖面详解2，the section of the park 2 ©奥雅设计
Minimal-invasive intervention: after the design, the site still has the original ecological function.
What is the minimal-invasive intervention design technique? The L&A Design believes that the core criterion for a successful minimal-invasive design is that whether the site still has the original ecological function or not. It is not only an effective way to strengthen the site’s evolutionary ability, but also a protection of natural ecosystems’ resilience. The design team used data models to study surface runoff and ecological corridors, to judge the excavation/filling and possible ecological risks, and to design based on local topography and improve the ecological functions in important area. These are the specific minimal-invasive design techniques used in the design process of Hongshan civil park.
▼微创介入式设计，the minimal-invasive intervention ©奥雅设计
There were two low-lying areas in the site, and the water was collected from the surface runoff and rainfall.The standing water result in serious floods in summer. The designers transformed the low-lying pothole on the east side into a “tidal lake” garden, with enclosed landscape wall and aquatic ecological vegetation to meet the needs of children to play in the water and the ecological function of rainwater collection and storage.
▼改造后的“潮汐湖”花园，the “tidal lakes” garden after renovation ©日野
A playable and interactive rockery waterscape is design on the shore of the “tidal lake”. Water from the tidal lake is channeled into the metasequoia wetland through the Archimedes water extractor of the rockery waterscape design. After a series of water cycles, the water returns to the tidal lakes.
▼“潮汐湖”岸边可以游乐互动的叠石水景，the playable and interactive rockery waterscape on the shore of the “tidal lake” ©日野
The low-lying area on the west side of the park has serious water accumulation, which is not suitable for the layout of residential buildings. Former planning designers misunderstand the local topography. L&A Design removed the original old houses and built a rain garden to show the six key points of sponge city: infiltration, storage, stagnation, cleanness, use and discharge. Use ecological methods to store and purify water in order to establish a set of recycling water resources utilization system. An artistic and practical pavilion and a rain garden which is surrounded by wooden walkways and rushes is designed as the visual center of the area. From a distance, it looks like a clear round mirror, reflecting the swaying posture of two current locust trees, as if they could collect everything in the world into this small space.
▼被木栈道和灯芯草环绕的雨水花园和外形简洁的景观亭，the artistic and practical pavilion and the rain garden surrounded by wooden walkways and rushes ©日野
All kinds of stone blocks with different height were used to deal with the complex elevation differences. The central area of the park including the “tidal lake” are surrounded by those interesting artistic barriers.
▼利用高差不同的挡墙处理石材断面，stone blocks with different height are used to deal with the complex elevation differences ©日野
Adaptive landscape: show the real state of nature
When the rainy season comes, raindrops hit the vegetation; the vegetation is blown down by strong winds;water flows into the depression continuously; the water level gradually rises until flows into Hongshan lake……This is the most primitive natural scene of the site. The designers paid great attention to the natural circulation system in the site and tried to show it to the users. Adaptive landscape is the landscape produced after the design is adapted to the site, which is the best landscape effect a site can get.
▼公园的雨水管理和适应性景观，the stormwater management and the adaptive landscape ©奥雅设计
Remold the spirit of the site: a new soul to rejuvenate the old space
There is a dilapidated children’s park on the south side of the site with broken facilities and accumulation of pollutants, resulting in a lot of space is wasted. The design team found that the area was rich in natural vegetation resources and many big trees remained. According to the principle of respecting the topographic situation of the site, the design team used the existing trees to carry out the secondary design of the site. Intact trees are retained to continue the memory of the site. At the same time, the reenergized green space satisfied modern people’s leisure needs. The old scene blends with the new and the old trees support the site’s newborn. They both bring out the best in each other.
▼现状树支撑新场地，the old trees support the site’s newborn ©奥雅设计
▼建立与现代人的休闲需求相适应的功能场地，the reenergized green space satisfies modern people’s leisure needs ©日野
▼休闲场地夜景，night view of the reenergized green space ©林涛
The plant design is based on careful investigation. Firstly, the design team retained Anshun native plants to show the local characteristics. After that, ornamental plants were added to attract visitors. Based on the principle of low-cost conservation and sustainability, the park was turned to have “scenery in everywhere”.
▼观赏性较强的植物创造打卡点，the ornamental plants are added to attract visitors ©日野
▼公园的树木和草坪，the trees and lawns in the park ©日野
Hidden in the forest, the viewing platform has the best south view of the lake. The newly planted Osmanthus flower and acer palmate harmonize the old and new elements.
▼观景台藏在一片现状树林中，the viewing platform is hidden in the forest ©日野
▼观景台夜景，night view of the viewing platform ©林涛
The open sunny lawn in the fantasy forest forms a visual contrast with the surrounding camphor and Osmanthus trees. The layered plant design extends the space, slows down the time, and gives people endless imagination.
▼奇幻森林区内的阳光草坪，the open sunny lawn in the fantasy forest ©日野
A few of stoned trails, flower fields and wooden benches contribute to a beautiful and delicate space around a giant cedar in center. The grass grows into a sea of pink and becomes hazy by the sunlight.
▼以现状大雪松为中心设置碎拼小路、花境和坐凳，the stoned trails, flower fields and wooden benches are around a giant cedar in center ©林涛
▼碎拼小路、花境和坐凳形成精致有序的小空间，the stoned trails, flower fields and wooden benches contribute to a beautiful and delicate space ©林涛
In the area where the plants flourish, it is necessary to clean up the poorly growing trees and the messy weeds. Intact Cryptomeria fortune is retained. In the woods, shade – tolerant hairpin, zephyrettes candida and Tulbaghia vielacea are planted. Under the ornament of reed lamp, the site becomes full of wild interest.
▼林下种植耐阴地被玉簪、葱兰、紫娇花占据，芦苇灯点缀其中，the shade-tolerant hairpin, zephyrettes candida and Tulbaghia vielacea are planted in the woods with the ornament of reed lamp ©日野
Interactive: child-friendly urban mountain park
A place can only be called a place when it is given functions in the process of being used. Traditional parks usually are only designed with sightseeing functions and lack of interactive experience. Hongshan lake park is a very interactive park and users can find many interactive experiences.
▼儿童乐园远观，distant view of the children’s playground ©日野
Based on the children’s expectations of the park, the designers took full consideration of the site’s original topography. A large slope has been transformed into a playground for children to climb. In addition, several shady gardens have been built, providing more opportunities and places for urban children to get close to nature.
▼儿童滑梯，the children’s slide ©林涛
▼将一处面积较大的斜坡因势利导改造成儿童攀爬地形乐园，a large slope has been transformed into a playground for children to climb ©林涛
Children are the lifeblood of the park. With a pool of soft sand and a few climbing stakes, the park becomes kids’ exclusive paradise. Through the study of the scale, material, interest and other elements of children’s space, the designed outdoor activity space becomes very popular. Children can expand their hands-on skills in a variety of non-dynamic playgrounds and have constant fun.
▼攀爬木桩，the climbing stakes ©日野
The original intention of the design is to find a better coexistence mode between man and nature. Through participatory and ground-based design, different scenes with various functions were designed to make sure that people of different ages can participate in it. Hongshan park becomes an ecological, healthy and interesting life container for residents.
▼不同年龄段的人参与进公园，people of different ages can participate in the park ©日野
Container of life: the dynamic space of urban organic renewal
The park is full of life atmosphere. In the park, tourists can quickly touch the most real life of residents. The designer maximally retained the original features of the site, and reorganized and upgrade the messy ground condition. It was transformed into a more friendly and dynamic space. Users can communicate with nature in the most comfortable way. without overmuch details and multifarious ornaments, the beauty of the life was combined into the design of the every grass and tree in the park. Buildings were designed with simplicity and blends with the terrain. Designers use geometric language to emphasize the relationship between the building and the environment, creating the exclusive modern style architecture.
▼公园内的构筑物，造型简洁，the buildings with simplicity in the park ©林涛
▼用几何语言强调构筑物与环境的关系，using geometric language to emphasize the relationship between the building and the environment ©林涛
In the park, be yourself.
Walking around the Hongshan lake civil park, watching the alternation of seasons, we feel the passage of time. Put spring in your pocket and take it home; Climb to the treetops to pick cicadas in summer; Pick up a ginkgo leaf and folded it into the book in Autumn; Lie on a wooden chair and basking in the warm sunlight in winter. Take off all the precautions.Put down the mundane troubles. Be naked and run into the forest. Play like a child. In the park, you’re just yourself.
▼公园一角，a corner of the park ©日野
▼公园局部，partial view of the park ©日野
The words of the designers
The design of Hongshan Lake Civil Park is in line with the urban development guidelines, “sponge city” concepts and ecological and sustainable principles. Through the space layout combining rarefaction and density and the landscape design with rich levels, L&A Design created an ecologically-based public activity park. Every Visitor can participate by visiting, experiencing and interacting with the park. Taking advantage of the favorable geographical position and the good topographic condition, L&A Design transformed the abandoned land into a park full of vitality. They turn uselessness into usefulness; the old into the new, and a silent scene into a vivid one.
▼公园局部，partial view of the park ©日野
景观设计：奥雅设计 北京公司 项目五组
建筑设计：奥雅设计 北京公司 项目五组
采写：奥雅设计 北京公司 项目五组
Project name: Anshun Xixiu Hongshan lake civil park
Project location: Anshun, Guizhou province
Project type: municipal park
Building area: 782㎡
Landscape area: 149,119 ㎡
Volume ratio: 0.5%
Greening rate: 78.6%
Client name: Anshun Xixiu town investment development co., LTD
Landscape design: L&A Design Beijing project group 5
Architectural design: L&A Design Beijing project group 5
Landscape construction: Sichuan Dingheng engineering co., LTD
Design year: 2017
Completion year: September, 2018
Writer: L&A Design Beijing company project group 5
Editor: Yuki Haipei
Photographer: hino lintao