The Huangpi Dong combat site (黄陂洞红军战斗遗址), located in Tiantai Town, 12km from Chishui City,is a well renowned “red tourism” spot in south-west China. At the very top of the mountain, reachable by a steep route through a bamboo forest, the concrete monument stands surrounded by a stunning view.
▼ 孤寂耸立在山头上的建筑物，The concrete monument stands at the very top of the mountain
The memorial site is created by a succession of three different ‘enclosed’ spaces, which create a quiet and meditative atmosphere. A long narrow ramp, characterized by a U-shaped section, cuts the central area. The ramp’s floor is made by a bloody shiny concrete, where shadows get deep and endless. The circular half-closed space around the tower is built on a lower and concave floor level. First the ramp, which breaks into the circle, and then this round lower space introduce the main element, the tower, which stands solitary at the top of the mountain. It is originated by a folded concrete movement, which creates a sharp and iconic light well once inside.
▼ 红军战斗遗址由三种不同的围合空间构成，The memorial site is created by a succession of three different ‘enclosed’ spaces
▼ U型狭长坡道斜插进下沉的圆柱空间体内，An U-shaped long narrow ramp cuts the central area
▼ 圆形半封闭的下沉的圆柱空间体，The circular half-closed space around the tower
▼ 纪念碑主体从场地挺拔向上，a folded concrete movement creates a sharp and iconic light well once inside
所有的墙体与几何物均为现浇混凝土（模板为2.4米x 1.2米的木模），模与摸的交接缝因成本与施工技艺的陌生，启模时导致对模体分割缝的破坏，出现些许混凝土结疤与拔痕，这些因偶然性造就的不同程度的瑕疵，是有意的偶然结果；场的地面则是特制的以赤水当地的砂石渗铁红粉配成的混凝土砌块铺地（单元参数：24厘米x 12厘米 x 6厘米）。
Due to the project’s location in a remote mountainous area, a low budget of just 400.000¥ (50.000€) and local workers’ lack of experience, architects opted for self-compacting concrete which would lower manufacturing costs. This choice helped overcome the following issues:
– difficult transportation
– high temperatures and high humidity (corrosion-discoloration-mildew)
– finding materials in the local area
– maintenance problems
All the walls and the geometrical elements are made of cast-in-place concrete (wood quarterdeck dimensions : 2.4m x 1.2m). Low cost materials and poor construction skills resulted in several damages during the quarterdecks opening, like scars and pulling marks. All these different level of defects were deliberate results and emphasize the rough, harsh and lonely atmosphere of the memorial. The paving is also composed with a mixture of concrete pieces, made from Chishui local grit-stone (sandstone) infiltrated with red iron powder (single unit dimensions: 24cm x12cm x6cm).
Every year, during the Tomb Sweeping Day (Qingming Festival), members of the Chishui Municipal Committee meet at the Huangpi Dong Memorial to honor the Qingming ceremony. Walking around the monument is a way to show their respect, commemorating the lives of the soldiers. In the square they also stop to have lectures and retrace the historic battle, surrounded by iconic shapes, bloody concrete, sharp shadows and by the unique view from the top of the mountain.
▼ 总平面图，Master Plan
摄影师：魏浩波，Martina Muratori （马英）
（版权: 西线工作室West-line studio）
location: Huangpi Dong – Chishui – Guizhou Province – China
design year: 2010
completion: September 2010
program: Red Army Combat Commemoration and Memorial Scenic Site
budget: 400.000¥ (50.000€)
landscape area: 2900mq
design: Haobo Wei, Jingsong Xie, Minghua Ou
graphic: Martina Muratori
photos: Haobo Wei, Martina Muratori (Courtesy of West-line studio)