Appreciation towards SPACESPACE for providing the following description:
architects：SPACESPACE /Takanori Kagawa + Junko Kishigami
structural design：OHNO JAPAN
program：collective housing + shop
This collective housing’s scale is intermediate position between detached housing and
building. This project site is situated on the west side of small station, a big 700-year-
old camphor tree passing through the platform and the canopy.
The west side being mixed multiplicity of environmental-elements (bicycle-parking space,
shrine, shops under the elevated, small street stand, etc) is more congested and lively than
the east side being developed small station plaza and roundabout in order.
This project site having 5 borders is enclosed in too many elements, but the front road on
the west side of this site facing 1st floor office and the elevated platform viewing to
north, the sun to south are particularly important things. So, I thought to design the
building connecting these 3 elements smoothly.
Ordinarily collective housing for single family is 20-30㎡ in Japan. This plan is composed
of 4m×8m grid, and bathroom, lavatory, corridor and entrance occupy it’s large area. So,
living space is very small. Dwelling variation is made by only changing the wallpaper.
If dwelling unit is 2m×16m, this plan widen to only one side and become corridor like room.
Bathroom and bedroom is allocated on the end. This privacy area is hidden by bending the
room shape, not getting the walls up.
Whole volume is consist of 2 rooms fit in 1floor×3layers. Allocating 2m wide wall-like
volume along the border line of lot, and controlling the position of open-air stairs,
generate the method of dwelling variation by it’s shapes and relation to environment.
Very thin courtyard generated by these process and open-air stairs are very comfortable
space compared to ordinary open-air stairs of collective housing enclosed in neighbor
buildings. Windows are aligned by a pair (symmetrical to room center line) for ventilating
and daylighting the courtyard through 2m volume.
Many people will have some experience in apartment-hunting. We often encounter diversified
plans. Some apartment has strangely huge balcony, and is labyrinthine, is extremely long.
These fascinating aspects in particular to anonymous apartment plans are only discovering
things for architects. I make an attempt to using imaginative power of anonymous plans for
designing method. The possibility of generating new architecture is already in existence.