Villa Kogelhof 位于荷兰北贝弗兰岛的农田区域，是一座私人住宅。设计实现了能源的收支平衡，使建筑建立在一个完全自给自足的系统上，并通过多项技术的运用，在节约能源的同时为客户创造了一个稳定而舒适的生活环境。从空间结构上看，建筑由两个长方形体块叠加而成，一个埋入地底，另一个由V型的钢架支撑，悬浮空中。最终落成的建筑正如客户所期望的那样，简洁、干练，美的让人惊叹。
Villa Kogelhof is designed based on complete autarky. Therefore the house is energy neutral. By using several techniques, the villa has a comfortable climate during all seasons, whilst being extremely energy efficient. It was an important wish from our client to create a simple, abstract, yet spectacular villa. The result is a composition; consisting of two square stacked volumes: one underground and one floating above ground. It is designed as an uncompromising glass box, supported by a steel V-frame.
The 25 hectare estate is part of a larger programme initiated by the government, which aims to connect regional ecological zones throughout the country. The current owner bought the site, once farmland, in 2006. It is a protected habitat for animals and plants and a major tourist draw in the area, open to the public. Permission to build a house on the land was given only on condition that it was returned to its pre-agricultural state. The planting of some 71,000 six-year-old trees hint at the future of the estate as ‘a villa in the woods’ and were planted already in 2006. A rectangular pond was digged, requiring the removal of 70,000 cubic metres of soil.
▽ 建筑与环境，villa and its surrounding area
▽ 从树林中看建筑，view from the woods
▽ 从池塘边看建筑，view from the pond
▽ 从入口车道看建筑，view from the driveway
▽ 建筑夜景，villa in the evening
The underground volume of the house consists the entrance, parking (for 6 cars and a tractor), storage, bathroom and a workspace which looks out over the pond. The living area is situated in the floating glass box above ground. It’s floor plan is completely open, except for some subtle glass room dividers. There are several separate volumes for the kitchen, bedrooms, bathroom and a multifunctional room. The patio has glass doors on both sides, so that it’s both accessible through the living room and the bathroom. The entire floor is covered with white epoxy and the furniture consists of designer classics from Le Corbusier and Eileen Gray. The façade is completely made out of glass and offers a spectacular view over the surrounding landscape.
▽ 从工作区向外看，view from working space
▽ 起居室，living room
▽ 起居室，露台和浴室，living room patio and the bathroom
One of the main principles of Villa Kogelhof was to translate luxury into the happiness of independence. The goal for the villa was to be self-sufficient; to generate its own energy, to heat its own water and to recycle the garbage. To make sure Villa Kogelhof is energy neutral, the façade offers an important contribution. This so called climate-façade is composed of an outer layer of clear insulated glass from floor to ceiling and an inner layer of sun-reflecting fabric that can be rolled up and unrolled. When the fabric is lowered, an air cavity is formed in which the air from the villa is extracted of a central ventilation system. The house is heated by a central heating system in combination with an air pump. Warm water will in the near future be generated by using a range stove, in which wood will be fired from the trees out of the private forest of the estate. Electricity is generated from the PV-cells on the roof.
▽ 从建筑内向外看，view from the interior
Programme: Extremely energy-efficient, luxury villa
Location: Noord-Beveland, the Netherlands
Design: Paul de Ruiter Architects
Start design: October 2006
Start building period: May 2009
Completion: January 2013
January 2013: 715 m2
Volume: 2400 m3
Contractor: Bouwbedrijf Van de Linde, Goes
Advisor construction: Broersma bv
Advisor building physics: Smits van Burgst, Barendrecht
Advisor costs: Studio Bouwhaven, Barendrecht
Installations: InTec, Kapelle
Glass-engineering: Si-X, Benthuizen
Glass producer: Thiele Glas, Germany
Base glass: Saint Gobain
Landscape architect: Bosch Slabbers, Middelburg
English Text: Paul de Ruiter architects
Chinese Text: gooood