In modern architecture, the current of energy, which mankind are active within the space of the building, has been studied on the measurable plane. By measuring the area, one was able to separate the uses of the space. Thus, this division of functional space has been projected on the architectural plan, which also created efficiently economical distribution of space. However, on the other side, there is one problem that should be put into discussion, the rigidity of the space use, into which mankind will be easily expelled by the modern architecture. By focusing on this one issue of modern architecture, the planning of this project is being moved forward.
The site of construction is surrounded by low-rise residential buildings. The entire structure of the building is created by folding a single plate. The interior space is also made by bending the continuous floor surface. From one floor to another, to the balcony of the second floor, then to the exterior rooftop, all of which continue. This continuity of the interior floor surface, endodermis, and the exterior rooftop surface, exodermis, leads to the study of the Möbius loop which involves the topological structure. In the topological structure, the intersection of space is articulated and the diagonal line is made, this emphasizes the point of perspective.
▼屋顶平台，通过折叠单板，创造出整个建筑空间结构，the roof terrace, the entire structure of the building is created by folding a single plate
▼屋顶平台，连续的室内地板表面与室外屋顶表面共同组成了一个拓扑结构，the roof terrace, the continuity of the interior floor surface and the exterior rooftop surface leads to a topological structure
Furthermore, facing toward the courtyard, the aperture is created in the center of the first floor. This aperture located in the breaks of the elevation surface, and this leads to the breaking of the diagram of the topological connection within the building. Also, the existence of this aperture advances to the much more emphasized building structure.
▼住宅南侧的庭院，the courtyard on the south side of the house
▼住宅立面细节，立面上的孔洞强调了建筑的结构，facade details, the aperture on the facade emphasizes the building structure
▼住宅立面细部，通过立面上的孔洞从室外看向室内，details of the facade, viewing from the outside to the inside through the aperture on the facade
The partition of space between the first floor-entrance, dining room and the second floor-living room entirely disappears, while the void between those spaces is being created. The space which already had the emphasis on the perspective is combined, and this result in one could sense the extent of space within the actual area of the building. The various gaps which are formed by the continuously bending plate become aperture of the building. The breaks made by the topology of the interiority and exteriority allow the light to pass through, enter the inside of the structure. This shows the connection and emphasis of the topology in architecture.
▼从一层餐厅看二层起居室，餐厅与起居室之间的空间隔断完全消失，viewing the living room on the second floor from the dining room on the first floor, the partition of space between them entirely disappears
During the daytime, the aperture on the second floor allow the light to enter and provide the natural warmth for the interior space. At nighttime, the lighting which is attached to the wall surface gives away the illumination, from which the beauty of the lifestyle-space is being shown throughout the building. Countless segments of light appear and randomly become fragmented. This non-homogenized light makes the flow and abstraction of space much more amplified.
▼住宅二层的起居室，the living room on the second floor
▼从二层空间看一层，阳光从二楼的窗孔照进住宅，营造出自然且温暖的室内空间氛围，viewing the first floor from the second floor, the aperture on the second floor allow the light to enter and provide the natural warmth for the interior space
Because of the luster of the aluminum floor, the natural light and the flow make the artificial lighting beautifully magnified. This results in the whiteness of interior wall portrays the different changes of light, also one’s lifestyle will support the various color-appearances. Therefore, the countenance of space will be abundantly produced along with the progress.
▼餐厅细部，通过立面上的孔洞从室内看向室外庭院，details of the restaurant, viewing from the inside to the outside courtyard through the aperture on the facade
▼住宅一层走廊细节，details of the corridor on the first floor
In the modern city of Japan, the digitizing of the function and projection within the plan are strongly needed. Thus, the new model of building has almost not been provided. Rather, it is revealed that the project of the private house plays an important role in Japan. Because it is possible to lose connection with the conventional consciousness, the essential matter is being put into consideration while the client with individuality is being confronted. “What is Architecture” must be pursued by architect.
▼概念模型，concept physical model
Project name: Topological Folding House
Design: Takashi Yamaguchi & associates
Design year: 2013-2016
Completion Year: 2017
Leader designer & Team: Yusuke Nakamae, Yuma Matsubara, Noriyuki Hikida
Project location: Hyogo, Japan
Gross Built Area (square meters): 115㎡
Photo credits: Yusuke Nakamae