Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

With dramatic topography of hills the landscape architect creates a new heart for Santa Monica.

Project Specs

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Appreciation towards James Corner Field Operations for providing the following description:

在当地社区团体的参与和支持下, Tongva公园与Ken Genser广场成功地在 Santa Monica市中心创造出一片现代简洁、可持续而又具有改革意义的城市景观,在Palisades公园,Santa Monica码头与Santa Monica市政府间创造了新的联系。

Shaped by extensive community participation, the design of Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square creates a contemporary, sustainable, and transformative urban landscape that redefines the center of Santa Monica and makes new connections between Palisades Park, the Santa Monica Pier, and Santa Monica Civic Center.

▼ 城市与海的新连接,a new connection between city and the ocean

003-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

这片位于Santa Monica市中心的公园广场由来自纽约,以高线公园名扬天下的James Corner Field Operations设计完成。James Corner认为本项目“为Santa Monica创造了一个新的心脏,不仅成为人们日常生活中最受欢迎的目的地,也同时实现了社会、生态和城市的象征意义。”。此外,他还说:“我们创造了一片起伏错落的丰富地形,大量本土植被的运用以及随处可见的户外家具、水景、游乐设施和活动区带来了一个极富吸引力的公园空间。我十分享受这个与Santa Monica居民合作,联手打造这样一个让人眼前一亮的场所的过程。”

Designed by James Corner Field Operations, best known for its design of New York’s High Line, the park and square are a centerpiece for Santa Monica’s Civic Center. James Corner describes the project as “creating a new heart for Santa Monica—a new destination and gathering place of great social, ecological, and symbolic value.” He says, “We have sculpted a dramatic topography of hills and hollows and incorporated a very large number of native plant species to create a spectacular horticultural garden, replete with generous furnishing, water fountains, play elements, and activity areas. It has been an absolute pleasure to work with the people of Santa Monica to create a place together that feels so fresh and dynamic.”

▼ 位于城市中心地带的开放空间,an public space locates at the heart of the city

001-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

这片场地上曾经布满了纵横的沟壑,而景观设计也受到这种南加州特有的景观元素的启发。一系列如同姑娘辫子般的路径从市政府门前向着西侧的海洋大道延伸,一点点的将公园空间和城市肌理串联起来。起伏错落的地形增强了道路系统的流动感,也以主题鲜明的四座“山丘”,将公园划分为了功能与空间感受各不相同的四个片区:

花园山丘由一系列的内凹座椅区以及私密性的花园空间组成,来自南加州本土的植被将随着四节的变迁而变换着样貌,展现出丰富的季相变化。
探索山丘是专属于儿童的玩乐天地,滑梯、音乐墙、游戏设施、水景和小城堡在成荫的茂盛绿树中若隐若现,激发着孩子们探索、游戏的兴致。
瞭望山丘高达18英尺,由小桥串联起的瞭望台是眺望美丽海景和相邻街区的最佳地点,而公共卫生间则巧妙地隐藏在山丘的下方。
聚会山丘拥有一个被阶梯状座椅区环绕的巨大多功能草坪,以及野餐区,是三五好友聚会、放松的不二之选。
Ken Genser广场为公民集会提供了新的空间,同时也让市政府标志性建筑的空间序列更为完整。

▼ 总平面图,site plan

030-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

Inspired by the Southern California arroyo landscape of washes and ravines that once defined the site, a series of braided pathways appear to organically emerge from the footsteps of City Hall, extend west to Ocean Avenue, and weave the park into the fabric of the City. Dramatic rising and falling topography reinforces the fluid pathway system and organizes the site into four thematic hilltop areas, each calibrated to a different primary use and experience:

Garden Hill is defined by a series of seating alcoves and intimate display gardens that showcase a seasonally dynamic, native, and appropriately adapted Southern California plant palette;
Discovery Hill is a play space for children, offering a range of discovery experiences and settings with hill slides, a music wall, play elements, water feature, and forts embedded into a lush and shaded landscape;
Observation Hill reaches a height of 18 feet, offers the best views of the ocean and neighboring vicinity, and includes overlooks, a bridge, and public restroom tucked under the hill;
Gathering Hill provides open space for congregation and relaxation including a large multi-purpose lawn, seating terraces, and an informal picnic area;
Ken Genser Square provides new space for civic gathering and complements the City Hall landmark building.

 

Ken Genser广场
Ken Genser Square

004-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

 

花园山丘
Garden Hill

▼ 水景元素被一条忽隐忽现的“河流”串联起来,从山脚流向大海,如同真正的河流一般,越来越宽。
Water elements are poetically linked by a single runnel that flows downhill to the ocean. Their volume and presence increases the closer they are to the ocean.

005-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

006-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 蜿蜒的曲线划过山丘,形成了一个个如同海湾般的内凹空间,供人们沉思冥想。
Alcoves are carved into Tongva Park’s hillsides to create interior garden bays with seating for contemplation.

007-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

008-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 丰富的季相变化,Seasonal changes of the plants

009-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

011-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations     012-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

 

探索山丘
Discovery Hill

013-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

014-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

015-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

.

聚会山丘
Gathering Hill

▼ 被阶梯状座椅区环绕的巨大多功能草坪, large multi-purpose lawn with seating terraces

016-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

017-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 由艺术家Iñigo Manglano- Ovalle创造的雕塑Weather Field No. 1被放置在绿意葱葱的草地之上,以极富艺术感的形式向人们展示着风向与风速。
A sculpture, Weather Field No. 1, by artist Iñigo Manglano- Ovalle with its grid of tall stainless poles with weather vanes and anemometers is located on a berm of meadow grasses.

026-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

.

瞭望山丘
Observation Hill

▼ 鸟瞰,birdview

018-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 滨海侧公园入口,entrance of the park at the sea side

019-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 向上爬升的小路,the climbing slope

022-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

021-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 如同贝壳般瞭望台坐落于公园的最高处,坐拥Santa Monica与汹涌大海壮阔的全景。
Shell-like overlooks are perched on top of the tallest of the park’s hills to frame iconic views and vistas of Santa Monica and the ocean.

023-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

024-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 夜景,evening view

027-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 公共卫生间则巧妙地隐藏在山丘的下方,public restroom tucked under the hill

025-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

▼ 蜿蜒的曲线形成了一个个如同海湾般的内凹空间,人们停放单车,或是临时聊天歇脚的最好选择, exterior bays with bike racks and social seating for community comings and goings

028-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

无论是富有建筑感的错落空间,肌理丰富的岩石与卵石材料,还是繁茂生长的草甸与花园都仿佛在呼应着基地被纵横交错的沟壑所占领的过往,但同时也为Santa Monica创造了一个让人眼前一亮,独特而极富创造力的标志性场所。

Architectural features, a texturally rich material palette of boulders and pebbles, and lushly planted meadows and gardens reinforce the site’s “arroyo wash” history, while at the same time, creating an exciting new identity that is unique to Santa Monica.

▼ 公园与大海,park and the sea

002-Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square by James Corner Field Operations

 

可持续性 

Tongya公园和Ken Genser广场创造了一种全新的城市景观,它们自然,节约资源,并且充满活力。公园的可持续性不仅体现在生态,水,能源和材料上,还增强了社会的活力,提升了人们的健康水平和生活质量。

生态

基地本来是一个普通的停车场,改造后的这里焕然一新,草地和花园延绵起伏,其生态系统得到了很好的恢复。园内种植了大量植物,包括超过300棵精心挑选的树木和上千种新植被。除此之外,Tongya公园和Ken Genser广场中还有数百种不同的加利福尼亚本地植物,成为了最早展现加州当地园林风采的大型当代城市景观之一。

园内的灌溉用水来自于附近的SMURRF地表径流再利用设施,山坡下的自然水渠可以收集再利用水资源,使得这里的每日水消耗量低于城市平均水平。水景用水均达到饮用标准,通过封闭的生态过滤系统净化,不会造成蒸发以外的流失。戏水区的水在经过收集处理后会根据需求用于海洋大道。

能源

照明为园内主要的能源消耗,通过使用LED灯具以及其他有效手段可以将照明能耗控制在最小。

材料

设计师重视项目中材料的可持续性,包括可持续森林内采伐的非热带硬木,回收材料制品,低挥发性涂料等,减少对环境的破坏。

健康

除了美丽的植被,这里还为人们提供了公共活动的场所,保证了项目的社会可持续性。不同年龄层的人们可以在这里散步,骑车或进行其他娱乐活动,享受更为健康的生活。

Sustainability 

Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square embody a new type of urban landscape that is active, innovative, resource-conscious, and natural. The sustainability of the parks can be measured not only in terms of ecology, water, energy, and materials; but also in terms of social vibrancy as places that promote the health and wellbeing of the people who experience them.

Ecology

Transformed from a flat parking lot into a series of topographically dynamic meadows and gardens,
the most dramatic aspect of the site has been the restoration of its ecosystem. Over three hundred carefully selected new trees, thousands of new plants, and hundreds of different California native and appropriately adapted species are part of the project’s abundant and ambitious planting scheme. Tongva Park and Ken Genser Square are one of the first large scale contemporary urban projects to highlight California native plants as significant horticultural features.

Beyond just plants, the parks have been fundamentally modeled on healthy, native environments whose interconnected botanical, hydrologic, topographic, and agronomic systems work to provide restored ecosystem services to the site. New forest types and amended soils respond to micro-climates and showcase a diversity of species well-suited to different parts of the project. They include an Oak and Olive mix, a Western Sycamore mix and a Torrey Pine mix. In addition, new Figs and Palms strengthen the presence of these existing trees on site. Dramatic specimen trees punctuate the landscape by providing color and horticultural interest while hundreds of grasses, bulbs wildflowers, native shrubs, succulents and display gardens also respond to the sites varied microclimates to produce a diverse, lush, and striking understory.

Water

Plant, tree, and turf areas are irrigated using water from the nearby Santa Monica Urban Runoff Recycling Facility (SMURRF) water reclamation facility. Irrigated water and stormwater are maintained on site through the natural movement of water into bioswales at the base of almost every hill in the park. Daily water consumption for the irrigated park landscape and turf areas and the water features is less than the City average. Water features use potable water and biological filtration within closed recirculating systems which only consume water through evaporation. The water play area uses potable water which drains into a water reserve where it is treated for use, as needed, in the Ocean Avenue water feature.

Energy

Park lighting is the primary energy consumer within the park and square. Energy demands have been kept to an extreme minimum with LED and other efficient fixtures and technologies.

Materials

Materials for the Park and Square consist of non-tropical hardwoods that have been sustainably forested, local aggregates and stone, numerous products with recycled content,
low VOC paints, sealants, and adhesives and soy-based anti-graffiti
coatings.

Human Health

Apart from the physical aspects of the site, the social sustainability of the project is uniquely high. The Park and Square provides a range of social spaces, quiet contemplative spaces, and promotes human health through a series of walking trails and loops, bike parking areas, and inclusive play spaces for all ages and abilities.

YEAR: 2010 – 2013
SCHEDULE: DESIGN: May 2010 – December 2011 (including a 5-month community outreach process for programming) (1 year, 7 months) CONSTRUCTION: March 2012 – September 2013 (1.5 years)
SIZE: 7 acres
SERVICES: Landscape Architecture; Public Realm; Project Management; Master Plan; Concept Design; Schematic Design; Design Development; Construction Documents & Constriction Administration Services
ROLE: prime; landscape architecture, urban design
BUDGET: $42.3m (hard & soft costs)
COMPLETION: 2014
CLIENT: City of Santa Monica

PROJECT TEAM:
PROJECT LEAD, LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE, URBAN DESIGN: JAMES CORNER FIELD OPERATIONS
James Corner, RLA, Founding Partner, “Design Director” Lisa Tziona Switkin, Sarah Weidner Astheimer, Matt Grunbaum, David Christensen, Tsutomu Bessho, Yitian Wang, Designer

TEAM CONSULTANTS
James Corner Field Operations (Landscape Architect) W.E. O’Neil (Contractor)
City of Santa Monica (Owner)
Frederick Fisher & Partners (Architecture for Restroom) BuroHappold (Structural & MEP Engineering)
Fuscoe Engineering (Civil Engineering)
Horton Lees Brogden Lighting Design (Lighting Design) Fluidity Design Consultants (Water Feature Design) Perry & Associates (Horticulture)
Greenlee and Associates (Horticulture)
dd. Pagano, Inc. (Irrigation)
Wallace Labs (Urban Soils)
Converse Consultants (Geotechnical Engineer)
Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle (Artist – Wind Sculpture)

Photographer credit:

© James Corner Field Operations
© Jonathan Alcorn
© Tim Street-Porter
© Joakim Lloyd Raboff
© Angie Smith
© Steve Proehl

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