The Site: Once the Red Army bank
The old village of Hanhonggou used to be the site of the later troops of Taiyue Military Region during the Anti-Japanese War. The old courtyard where the project is located was once a bank, which added some legendary color to the project.
▼项目鸟瞰，overall view of the project
Located at the end of the village, the location is private and quiet. The north side is the hillside, and the south side is facing the original flood discharge ditch, with a relatively open view. There are three independent courtyards on the original site. The courtyard pattern is regular, the main rooms are two-storeyed, and the shape is typical three-bay rooms in Qinyuan area: People live on the first floor, and grain and sundries are stored on the second floor. The wing-rooms are single-storeyed, most of which have been damaged for long years out of repair. So, it’s hard to have a whole impression of the original architecture. Before the transformation, the three courtyards had been idle for many years, and the aborigines had already moved to the new village, where the property rights had been transferred to the village collective.
▼改造前场地现状，site before renovation
Layout: Open up the Courtyards and Reconstruct the Space
The new function determines that the original pattern of three isolated courtyards will be broken up and reorganized. Homestay is different from residential, it needs public service area, front desk, a certain number of guest rooms and logistics, and service convenient is necessary. The design strategy is divided into several steps: first, after the evaluation of the original buildings, the houses that are well preserved and can continue to be used are preserved and repaired, and the buildings that can no longer be used are demolished. Then, the partition walls between the three courtyards are removed to connect the site into one, and the entrance and traffic flow lines are reorganized. Then, according to the landscape and functional organization of the new site, a new monomer building is built to reconstruct the site together with the reserved building.
After the completion, the spatial relationship between the original main rooms and the new wing rooms is still preserved. The main rooms are two stories high and the position is unchanged. The new wing rooms are on the subordinate position. However, the spatial pattern does not stick to the original appearance. By using the newly built wing room, the streamline and outdoor space of the space are reconstructed. At the same time, using modern forms and new materials, the new and old buildings form a dramatic dialogue relationship.
▼改造后项目顶视图，top view of the building after renovation
▼从溪流处看向民宿，view to the homestay from the creek
Architecture: Patio, Terrace, Adobe Brick, Granitic Plaster and Ceramic Tile
The architectural design continues the logic of layout. The main rooms are either preserved and repaired, or rebuilt according to their original appearance, occupying a prominent position in the space. The regional nature of the form declares the context relationship between the homestay and the site. The main room in the entrance courtyard is the front desk of homestay, and the two main rooms behind are guest rooms. The second floor of the main rooms is no longer a space for storing sundries. They are transformed into guest rooms, but the traditional grid form of the facade is retained, which reflects the style and features of traditional residential buildings in Qinyuan area. The adobe bricks of the original building are inherited, and the new adobe brick walls made according to the traditional technology not only evoke the memory of history, but also have a sense of decoration.
▼保留原有院门形成新旧对比，contrast between new and old through preserved original courtyard door
▼不同的外立面材料形成丰富的肌理，different facade materials forming rich textures
The new wing rooms adopt the flat roof form, which is more abstract and modern, and provides more and more abundant outdoor space (platform on the second floor) for homestay. In order to ensure the privacy of the guest rooms on the first floor, the newly-built guest rooms have their own courtyards or patios. The building opens large windows towards the courtyard or patio to form a small world of internal view.
▼新厢房采用平顶形式，旋转楼梯成为空间焦点，new wing rooms adopt the flat roof form, rotating stairs becoming visual focus in space
▼场地中的树被保留，成为庭院景观中的重要元素，original tree on site preserved as important landscape element in courtyard
▼民宿屋顶平台，roof platform of homestay
Instead of local materials, the building facade uses granitic plaster. This is not only an expression of the memories of the 1980s, but also of the memories of the architect himself. The gray gravel texture and the adobe wall of the old building form a soft contrast, with no conflict but a sense of depth. The treatment of color mosaic strip is not only a kind of homage to Carlo Scarpa, but also corresponds to the proposition of rural tile facade. The architect hopes to arouse a kind of reflection on the facade of rural tile, not simple criticizing, but rational thinking and solution finding.
▼民宿外立面转译传统民居特征，translation of traditional residential features on facade of homestay
▼水刷石、青砖、土坯墙形成不同质感的外立面，granitic plaster, green brick, adobe wall forming facade of different textures
Interior: Corny and Trendy at the Same Time
From the design logic, the interior is the continuation of the architecture. The architect hopes to create a sense of coexistence of local and fashion, which can not only reflect the regional characteristics of Shanxi Province, but also meet the aesthetic and comfort requirements of contemporary people.
▼透过巨大的玻璃窗看向室内，view to the interior through large glass windows
The organization of guest room space is arranged according to the area and location of guest rooms, which is in line with the needs of contemporary holiday homestay. In the new building, the ceiling of guest rooms uses dark color interface to make the space back. The ground uses gray nano-engineered cement, which gives people a cool sense of fashion on the basis of ensuring cleanliness. The wall surface is white, which ensures the indoor brightness. The old building’s guest room ceiling retains the original building ceiling shape, with the wooden structure exposed. And the floor uses warm-toned solid wood floor or antique brick, giving a warm and comfortable feeling. The wall is painted with loess color, which adds nostalgia to the indoor atmosphere and conforms to the local residential characteristics.
▼天井的设计增加了空间的层次，design of patio increasing the level of space
▼透过玻璃船与室外交流，isual communication between indoor and outdoor through glass
▼传统风格的室内空间，interior space in traditional style
▼原木、土墙和手绘天花传递了浓郁的乡村气息，logs, walls and hand-painted ceiling conveying a strong rural flavor
▼二楼大客房室内，interior of grand guest room on 2nd floor
There are several different ways to treat the beds, including Kang (heatable brick bed in North China), standard bed and platform. Kang is used in the guest rooms on the first floor of the old building, and standard beds are used in the guest rooms on the second floor which are transformed from storage space, while most of the newly-built guest rooms are equipped with platform. Such treatment not only meets the occupancy experience of different users, but also facilitates the flexible organization of room occupancy form, and the conversion between king room and standard room.
▼延用北方的炕作为民宿的床，traditional heatable sleeping platform in North China used as bed for homestay
▼新建客房采用地台，newly-built guest rooms equipped with platform
In order to improve the integrity of the design, for furniture and soft decoration the same style is chosen. Local materials such as rubble, solid wood, herbaceous braided fabric and coarse cloth are widely used, but they are carefully selected, matched and processed, showing a state of “finely cooked coarse grain”. Color also directly affects the final effect of the interior. Different rooms use different theme colors, which also correspond to the appearance color of the building. Cushion, carpet, wall decoration and other soft clothing with rich and bright colors, enliven the atmosphere as jumping color spots in the space.
▼室内局部，part of the interior
▼首层平面图，first floor plan
▼二层平面图，second floor plan //
Name: The Mint Bureau Homestay
Location: Hanhonggou Village, Qinyuan County, Shanxi Province, China
Owner: People’s Government of Qinyuan County
Architecture, interior and landscape design: 3andwich Deisgn / Hewei Studio （www.3andwichdesign.com）
Principle architects: He Wei, Chen Long
Project architect: Liang Zhuyu
Design team: Sang Wanchen, Cao Shiqing, Liu Mingyang
Project consulting: Zhou Rong, Lian Yirui
On-site Representative: Liu Weidong
Design period: April – July 2019
Completion time: Aug. 2020
Site area: 960sqm
Building area: 540sqm
Photographer: Jin Weiqi, 3andwich Design