St. Paolo Church / FUKSAS

充满力量的悬浮-意大利教堂设计

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“巨大的方形体量悬浮在另一个方形体量之内。人们从混凝土的缝隙间仰望着蓝天,视线也随着移动,在室内外间穿行。” -Massimiliano Fuksas
“The suspension of a volume within another. See the sky through the concrete, outside, inside, outside” -Massimiliano Fuksas

Fuksas事务所所设计的圣保罗教堂在由意大利天主教协会所组织的竞赛中胜出。位于中部古老城市Foligno的建筑在融入前沿建筑理论于研究的同时,为这座从地震中重生的小镇带来了一个极具创造力和特征性的地标建筑。

This project won the national competition organised by the Italian Episcopal Conference to design new parish centres: “to provide an innovative and decisive landmark in accordance with the latest international research and symbolising the rebirth of the city after the earthquake”.

▽ 雪山下的灰白建筑,the grey color of the building in accordance with the snow mountains

St. Paolo Church by FUKSAS-1

这栋宗教建筑由两个体量组成。从外侧看,教堂体量似乎平凡无奇,一个长30米、宽22.5米、高25米的方形体量坐落在城市的一角。但在其内部,与外层体量空间形态相呼应巨大体块悬浮于空中,简洁利落的高耸体块向上延伸,引导着人的视线和情绪,以现代的手法营造出宗教的神圣精神。与其比邻而建的低矮矩形体量,则是神职人员的办公和居住场所。

The parish complex is made up of two main elements that are identified by the functions of the religious centre. The first element, the Church, is a monolith of pure geometry which accommodates the suspension of a volume within another, while drawing attention to the sense of verticality. The dimensions of the major external volume, 30 x 22,5 meters and 25 meters high, correspond to the dimensions of the room. The second element, an extended and short parallelepiped, houses the Vestry, the premises of the Pastoral Ministry and the Rectory.

▽ 建筑体量,external view

30 Ottobre 2009

▽ 立面上不规则的开口与窗洞,the irregular openings on the facade

30 Ottobre 2009

Studio Fuksas - Chiesa San Giacomo - Foligno

▽ 教堂内部的悬浮体量,the suspension of a volume within another

Chiesa a Foligno - Arch. M. Fuksas

一道玻璃连廊成为神职人员进入教堂的通道,同时也划分着空间,保证两个空间的相对独立。在教堂之中,阳光通过环绕悬浮体量而设的天窗洒落在墙壁上,为介于内、外之间的缝隙空间带来柔和的顶光。

A third translucent body, the Ferial Chapel, connects and separates the two main elements. Inside the monolith, a perimetral cut offering a glance of the sky lights up the interstitial space between the two volumes contained one within the other.

▽ 阳光透过天窗洒落在缝隙之间,a perimetral cut lights up the interstitial space

Chiesa a Foligno - Arch. M. Fuksas

21 febbraio 2009

倾斜的梯形体量作为巨大的支撑结构,连接着建筑外壳的南北立面与内部的悬浮体。阳光透过内嵌于其中的不规则四边形开口形成一道道光束,在对侧的墙壁上留下变幻的光影。布道台与洗礼台相对而立,对称式的布局突出了祭坛的重要地位。这个变化与稳定相互交融的空间为日常的集会活动增添了一份活跃的氛围。

Structural elements in the shape of a pyramidal frustum connect the external volume to the suspended one and create openings having the same geometrical shape that are carved on the northern and southern sides of both volumes. From these openings – with an irregular cut – beams of light enter directly inside the room. The interior was intended to emphasize the centrality of the Altar, whereas the Baptismal Font and the Ambon are located asymmetrically to the former. The dominant idea is to underline the active role of the celebrating Assembly.

▽ 支撑着悬浮体的梯形体量,structural elements in the shape of a pyramidal frustum

21 febbraio 2009

▽ 对称式的布局,symmetrically set up of the interior

30 2009

▽ 阳光与变幻的光影,beams of light enter directly inside the room

Studio Fuksas - Chiesa San Giacomo - Foligno

室内的软装与灯具设计让空间更显纯粹宁静。造型简洁的浅木色长凳低调内敛,平静的氛围让人沉思。阳光通过天窗或低端的落地玻璃窗洒落在石制的祭坛、布道台与洗礼台上,塑造出神秘的氛围。而同样以不规则四边形为原型设计的吊灯在夜晚亮起,仿佛是白日自然光线的重现。

The design of the interior and the lighting bodies evokes the idea of essentiality and purity. The sober shape of the oak pews inspires meditation. The religious ornaments made of stone, such as the Altar, the Ambon and the Baptismal Font, are emphasized by the beams of light crossing the monolith both vertically and obliquely. The effect created during the day by the natural light is recreated at night by hanging lights whose angular shape retraces the profile of the openings carved on both volumes.

▽ 低调的室内软装设计,the design of the interior inspires meditation

Studio Fuksas - Chiesa San Paolo - Foligno

▽ 阳光撒落在室内空间,塑造出神秘的氛围,the beams of light crossing the monolith

Studio Fuksas - Chiesa San Giacomo - Foligno

St. Paolo Church by FUKSAS-12

在教堂外侧,由混凝土与卡拉拉白色大理石打造而成的雕塑作品“Stele-Croce”高达13.5米,简洁利落的设计手法让其仿佛成为了建筑体谅的一部分。而在室内,14组铁铸雕塑环绕建筑空间,代替传统的耶稣受难组画悬挂于墙壁之上。

The Master Enzo Cucchi has created the monument “Stele-Croce” for the area outside the Church, a 13,50 meter high sculpture, made of concrete and Carrara white marble, that also becomes an architectural element. The Master Mimmo Paladino has created the 14 iron sculptures representing the Stations of the Cross.

▽ 建筑与雕塑作品“Stele-Croce”,the building and the monument “Stele-Croce”

Chiesa a Foligno - Arch. M. Fuksas

PROJECT: ST. PAOLO PARISH COMPLEX
SITE: Foligno, Perugia, Italy
ADDRESS: Via del Roccolo, Foligno, Perugia
PERIOD: 2001-2009
CLIENT: Italian Episcopal Conference – Diocesi of Foligno
ARCHITECTS: Massimiliano and Doriana Fuksas
INTERIOR DESIGN: Fuksas Design
CONTRACTOR: Ediltecnica SpA, Foligno AREA 1,300 sq. m.
INTERVENTION AREA: 20,690 sq. m.
STRUCTURES AND ENGINEERING:AI ENGINEERING s.r.l.,Torino; Engineer Gilberto Sarti, Rimini
ARTISTIC INTERVENTIONS: Enzo Cucchi, Mimmo Paladino
Sacred furniture in stone FUKSAS DESIGN:Scalpellino Maurizio Volpi
Sacred furniture in wood FUKSAS DESIGN:Falegnameria Bertini Lighting
FUKSAS DESIGN:iGuzzini lighting
COST: 3,600,000 Euros

Drawings: Fuksas
English Text: Fuksas
Chinese Text: gooood

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