The Woods Bagot London Studio has put the finishing touches on a beautiful new library at the heart of the St Mary’s Calne School campus in Wiltshire, UK. The library will act as a hub of inspiration and learning, with a striking design that incorporates the adjacent apple orchard and surrounding century-old buildings.
▼图书馆外观，exterior view © Will Pryce
St Mary’s Calne is a leading independent boarding and day school for girls (aged 11-18), founded in 1873. The school appointed Woods Bagot in 2017 to design a two-storey library facility that would reposition the library as a hub for the school’s academic and social life. Following a collaborative design process that included the headmistress, staff, librarians, and students, the practice has delivered an environment which doesn’t just reflect best practice teaching & learning, but prepares students for the independence of their future academic lives to come.
▼入口，entrance © Will Pryce
设计细节 | Design details
From the western side along the main road that runs through the school, the 660-square-meter structure appears as a simple, rectangular pavilion clad in brick and topped with an articulated roof of timber and glass. Upon entering, however, visitors are welcomed by dynamic interiors, with each storey having a distinct purpose and specified zones. While the ground floor is meant to be lively, aimed at group projects with direct access to the neighbouring orchard, the upper level is designed for more formal focused, individual studying.
▼砖砌立面，the brick facade © Will Pryce
▼细节，detailed view © Will Pryce
▼朝向果园的玻璃立面，the glazed facade facing the orchard © Will Pryce
The lower level of the library boasts an informal lounge-like area, surrounded by the school’s fiction collection with areas for display of new acquisitions. A multi-purpose stair at the centre of the library – part stair and part seating – leads up to the first floor and the school’s reference collection. The seating area forms part of a presentation space designed for staff training, student presentations and it is hoped that once schooling can return to normal, guest speakers and authors can attend evening events. Designed as a more formal space the upper floor reflects the older pupils need for focused, intensive autonomous learning, while providing discrete spaces for collaborative project-based work.
▼首层休息区域，the lounge-like area on the lower level © Will Pryce
Brick ‘bookends’ or separate ancillary forms along the northern and southern areas of the building’s perimeter, provide storage, stair access, small project rooms, and warehouse control systems. To optimise the spaces available for learning and reading, conventional book racks are dismissed instead there are study booths, display zones, and shelving within the interior walls.
▼二层阅读空间，reading area on the upper level © Will Pryce
▼学习隔间，study booths © Will Pryce
▼设计手绘，sketches © Woods Bagot
The glazed façade faces northeast to limit direct sunlight while illuminating the newly formed passage from the library to the gardens and orchard. Taking direct inspiration from the fruit trees, several structural support beams connect to the undulating interior-side of the roof to give the impression of a tree’s branches. Clerestory glazing enables the appearance of a floating roof and double height curtain walls fill the spaces with daylight from the top. A metal detail is integrated throughout the façade to continue the vertical elements of the trees.
▼二层概览，the upper floor © Will Pryce
▼窗边座位，study area along the glazed facade © Will Pryce
▼顶部的结构支撑梁与屋顶起伏的内侧相连接 © Will Pryce
the structural support beams connect to the undulating interior-side of the roof
The scale and detail of the building is in line with the architecture of the entire school in its elevations but is deliberately contemporary in its composition. The outcome is a completion of the western edge of the grounds’ central greenspace and an academic haven for its students.
▼图书馆夜景，night view © Will Pryce
▼平面示意，plan diagram © Woods Bagot
▼一层平面图，lower floor plan © Woods Bagot
▼二层平面图，upper floor plan © Woods Bagot
▼立面图，elevation © Woods Bagot
▼结构轴测拆解图，structure axon exploded © Woods Bagot
Location: Calne, Wiltshire, United Kingdom
Client: St Mary’s Calne School
Size: 660 square meters
Photographer: Will Pryce