South Los Angeles High School by Brooks + Scarpa

A bright moment in an extremely tough inner city community

Project Specs

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这座高中位于洛杉矶中南部环境最苛刻的地区之一,它为630名学生提供了开放且安全的校园环境。该地区曾经是1964年瓦茨暴动和1992年罗德尼·金暴动的核心动荡区。自上世纪60年代以来,该区域持续受到住房公平性问题和教育资源问题的困扰,居民家庭年收入中位数不足35,000美元,25%的人口生活在贫困线以下。2014年7月22日,突然爆发的火灾毁掉了半个校园。到今天,新的教学楼在原来的场地中落成,包含11间教室、2间科学实验室、教员休息室、行政办公室、咨询办公室以及用于学生集会与活动的公共庭院空间。

Located in one of the toughest areas in South Central Los Angeles this new public charter high school for 630 students is visually open but entirely secured. The area was a central trouble spot during the 1964 Watts and the 1992 Rodney King Riots. Fair Housing and school busing has plagued the area since the early 60’s where median family income is less than $35,000/year and 25% of the population lives below the poverty level. On July 22, 2014 a massive fire broke out and destroyed half of the campus. This new replacement building contains eleven classrooms, two science labs, faculty lounge, new administrative and counseling offices and public courtyard space for student gatherings and activities.

▼街道视角,street view

南洛杉矶高中是一所先进的公立特许中学,以高度的协作性、优质的课程以及强大的社区关系而著称。本项目和1950年扩建的校园共同提供了一个灵活的教学环境,它以学生的生活为重心,在团结社区的同时,还鼓励学生父母的积极参与。在预算和时间都十分有限的条件下,建筑的设计尽可能地保持了简洁与高效,尤其体现在饰面、开窗、色彩以及透明度等方面。最终建筑呈现出一种难忘的丰富感觉,在这座欠缺发展的社区内成为一种充满光明的存在。

South Los Angeles High is a progressive, public charter high school known for its collaborative, curriculum and strong community connection. This building and addition to the 1950’s campus creates a flexible teaching environment that supports significant parental involvement and puts student life at the center of the school and unites the campus community. Designed on an extremely limited budget and aggressive schedule, simple cost effective gestures were deployed in the use of cladding, fenestration, color and transparency to create a memorable sense of richness, providing a bright moment in an extremely tough inner city community.

▼庭院视角,courtyard view

▼与封闭在安全围栏内的学校不同,南洛杉矶高中保持了开放,the arrangement of courtyard design allows the building to breathe fresh air and daylight while providing a safe and secure environment for leaning and social engagement

▼20英尺高的防弹冲孔金属墙被直接融入建筑之中,the school building is surrounded by a 20 foot high perforated bullet resistant metal walls that are integrated into the building design

▼具有过滤性的屏墙为建筑的外观赋予了微妙的韵律感和意想不到的视觉深度,the walls filter direct sunlight that lends unexpected visual depth while creating a sense of security for the occupants

   

   

▼墙面细部,detailed view

   

与封闭在安全围栏内的学校不同,南洛杉矶高中保持了开放,并将20英尺高的防弹冲孔金属墙直接融入建筑之中。这一做法为学生们带来了光线充足的室外庭院,并使其直接与教室相连。庭院的布局为建筑带来了新鲜的空气和阳光,同时营造出安全可靠的社交及活动空间。敞亮的大厅和教室传达出学校的教学观念,为学生提供了健康可持续的学习环境。建筑的形式是围绕着1970年代被弃置的油井而形成,在有限的形态和规模内最大程度地保证了建筑的使用面积。

Unlike most school that are enclosed by a property line security fence, the South Los Angeles High School building is surrounded by a 20 foot high perforated bullet resistant metal walls that are integrated into the building design.  This creates light filled courtyards for outside activity that is connected directly to classroom activities.  This arrangement of courtyard design allows the building to breathe fresh air and daylight while providing a safe and secure environment for leaning and social engagement. Open-air light-filled halls and classrooms, as well as the building transparency, express the school’s values and provide a healthy, sustainable learning environment. The building form and primary courtyard are formed by a series of required clearances around an oil well abandoned in the late 1970’s, a series of power line and utility easements, height restrictions and zone changes running through the site that constrain the form and size to it’s maximum possible building area envelope.

▼教学楼入口,entrance area

▼办公室,office area

▼教室,classrooms

阳极电镀铝材质的冲孔立面为建筑赋予了富于变化的外观,使其在阳光下闪闪发亮,在夜间则能够散发微光。这层立面能够为建筑带来荫蔽,从而降低室内温度,同时还能够起到降低噪音、加强隐私性以及引入风景的作用。立面上数百万个小孔使光线和空气得以进入。这一具有过滤性的屏墙为建筑的外观赋予了微妙的韵律感和意想不到的视觉深度,同时也为建筑内部的使用者带来安全感。排布不规则的门窗强调出结构的几何本质,独特的形式和齐备的功能共同保证了建筑的高效运行,并从环境与文化两个层面上迎合了当地社区与居民的愿景。

The perforated anodized aluminum façade panels of the building creates an ever- changing screen that sparkles in the sun and glows at night, while simultaneously providing shade to cool the building, reducing noise, enhancing privacy, and still allowing for views, great natural light and ventilation which pass through its millions of perforations. The material reappears as a strategic arrangement of screens around the building, lending a subtle rhythm to the exterior circulation. The walls filter direct sunlight that lends unexpected visual depth while creating a sense of security for the occupants. Enhancing the structure’s geometric texture, the irregular array of openings variably extrudes from the building’s surface. Its unique architectural form and integrated function creates a high-performing building that is an expression of the people who live there and the environmental and cultural context in which it is built.

▼夜景,night view

▼设计分析图,diagram

▼场地平面图,site plan

▼首层平面图,first floor plan

▼东立面图,east elevation

▼南立面图,south elevation

▼北立面图,north elevation

▼西立面图,west elevation

▼剖面图,section

South Los Angeles High School
Project Details
Project’s Formal Name: Animo South Los Angeles High School
Location of Project: Los Angeles County, CA – South Central LA
11130 S. Western Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90047
Client/Owner: Green Dot Public Schools
Total Square Footage: 18,000 sq. ft.
Completed: 2015
Cost: $3,300,000.00
Architects: BROOKS + SCARPA
Location of Architect: 4611 W. Slauson Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90043
Project Team: Lawrence Scarpa, FAIA – Principal-in-Charge. Angela Brooks, FAIA, Jeff Huber, AIA, Chinh Nguyen, Project Manager, Diane Thepkhounphithack, Micaela Danko, Eleftheria Stavridi, Arty Vartanyan, Fui Srivikorn, Project Team
Franco + Associates (Associate Architect)
Arthur Fernandez Principal-in-Charge, Michele Stanghetti, Project Manager
Landscape Design: Brooks + Scarpa
Landscape Architect: Wynne Landscape Design
Engineering: B&B Associates, Inc-Structural, Hyle Engineering- Mechanical and Plumbing, – Geotechnologies, Inc – Geotechnical Engineering, Kipust Engineering – Electrical, -Civil
Environmental Engineering: Environmental Audit Inc./Placeworks
Construction: Blackwell Construction, Inc.

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