Following an international design competition, Snøhetta has been commissioned to design the Shanghai Grand Opera House in Shanghai, China. The project aims to attract a broad audience through offering both traditional and Chinese opera performances, classical concerts and more experimental performances that will attract a younger audience. Snøhetta has developed the architectural, landscape, interior, and graphic design for the Opera, and the project will be undertaken in partnership with Shanghai-based architects ECADI.
The new Opera House is an important part of a new urban master plan for Shanghai that aims to place the city at the forefront of the globe, economically, scientifically, and culturally. The Opera House is expected to become one of the major cultural landmarks of Shanghai – the country’s 13th Five-Year Plan names it as the most important initiative to strengthen Shanghai’s cultural and global influence.
▼项目概览，project overview ©Snøhetta
“上海大歌剧院是我们设计观演文化建筑经验的自然升华。” Snøhetta创始人之一Kjetil Trædal Thorsen表示。“通过设计和胜任全球各地一系列的剧院和观演建筑，从挪威国家歌剧和芭蕾舞团（奥斯陆歌剧院），到韩国釜山歌剧院，到加拿大女王大学伊莎贝尔巴德演艺中心，再到法国巴黎的南特阿曼迪尔剧院更新，Snøhetta对剧院和观演类文化建筑设计的理解和能力游刃有余，这是公司的设计才识通过项目经验积累所自然达到的高峰。上海大歌剧院项目是Snøhetta因地制宜的实践，同时也是业主和我们团队高度重视如何令公共空间用之于民的结晶。通过设计，大歌剧院的公共归属感得以升华。这是为每一位上海市民倾力呈现的，同时又属于全中国和全世界的舞台。”
“The Shanghai Grand Opera House is a natural progression of our previous work with designing performing arts centers,” says Snøhetta Founder Kjetil Trædal Thorsen. “It is a culmination of the competence and insight gained through projects such as the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, the Busan Opera House in South Korea, the Isabel Bader Centre for the Performing Arts in Canada, and the Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers renovation in Paris. The Shanghai Grand Opera House is a product of our contextual understanding and values, designed to promote public ownership of the building for the people of Shanghai and beyond”.
▼入口广场视角，view from the front plaza ©Snøhetta
The new Opera House will be built in the Expo Houtan neighborhood, located at the convex bank in the riverside area near Huangpu River. The neighborhood, which will have an ecological and low-carbon profile, emphasizes the Opera’s mission of being a public and open venue. The radial layout of the surrounding landscapes harmonizes with the overall geometry of the Opera building, ensuring key view paths from both the Opera to the city, and from the city to the Opera.
▼歌剧院坐落于世博后滩，紧邻黄浦江岸，the new Opera House will be built in the Expo Houtan neighborhood, located at the convex bank in the riverside area near Huangpu River ©Snøhetta
Designed to bring artists and the public under a shared roof, the sweeping form of the new Opera House embodies the concept of movement. The helical roof surface evokes an unfolding fan, capturing the dynamism of dance and the human body. Generating both surface and space, the radial movements of the roof form a spiraling staircase that connects ground and sky and creates views towards the city and the Huangpu river banks. The spiraling, fanning motions extend throughout the project, into the lobby, the halls, and the three auditoriums. The Opera House’s visual identity also references the same movements, with the new, clean logo characterized by a highly recognizable open fan pattern.
▼如扇子般展开的屋面成螺旋楼梯，并创造出绝佳的观景点，the helical roof surface evokes an unfolding fan, forming a spiraling staircase and creating impressive views towards the city and the river banks ©Snøhetta
Public Space and a Generous Design
The Opera roof will become an accessible stage and meeting place, suitable to both large-scale events and everyday visitors. In celebrating both the collective and the individual, the plaza will allow visitor access 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, engendering a sense of public ownership. A series of restaurants, galleries, exhibitions, museums, education centers, libraries and small cinemas will all contribute to the Opera becoming a popular destination.
▼屋面承载着容纳集体庆典和个体活动的功能使命，the Opera roof will become an accessible stage and meeting place and celebrate both the collective and the individual ©Snøhetta
At the heart of the Opera is the 2,000-seat main auditorium: a finely tuned instrument that offers state-of-the-art technical solutions and superior acoustics. The 1,200-seat second stage will offer a more intimate setting for smaller productions. The 1,000-seat third stage offers a flexible stage and seating arrangement, providing space for more experimental and unique performances, aiming to attract a new generation of opera goers.
▼从外部望向剧场内部，view to the stage from the outside ©Snøhetta
▼内部空间概览，interior overview ©Snøhetta
▼主礼堂，main auditorium ©Snøhetta
The white Opera exterior stands in contrast to the soft silk used for the interior lining. Oak wood forms the main floors of the galleries and the interior of the hall, ensuring good acoustic properties. In the hall itself, the wood is stained in hues of dark red. Expansive glass panes open up the main hall to natural light, which transforms the experience of the building throughout the day and from season to season. At night, exterior lights change the appearance of the stage towers, transforming them into glowing lanterns, illuminating the roof and skyline.
▼橡木被运用于大歌剧院的门厅和画廊，oak wood forms the main floors of the galleries and the interior of the hall ©Snøhetta
▼观众厅内部采用深红色调的木材，the wood is stained in hues of dark red in the audience hall ©Snøhetta
The Shanghai Grand Opera House will be a world-class venue, placing the visitor at the center of the stage. Through its aesthetics, functionality, as well as its cultural and ecological ambition, the Opera House will be an accessible canvas for global visitors, local citizens, and artists to fill with life and culture.
▼江岸视角，view from the river ©Snøhetta