The brief was to transform an ancient community oven, owned by the client’s family for decades, into a comfortable, single bedroom vacation house, with space to gather the family when needed. Located in a small, well-preserved village in the rural centre of Portugal, close to the border, the house, as many others around it, was closed and unused for more than half a century. It had, however, a quiet dignity and a sad beauty. The potential was definitely there.
▼住宅外观，exterior view of the house © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
▼花岗岩裸墙的外表皮，thick exposed granite walls © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
The region has very cold winters and stifling summers. According to the brief, the intervention should also provide ease of use in both situations. The original construction was a small, single-story volume, with thick exposed granite walls and a gable roof. A walled area, including an almost ruined porch, complemented the property. The project includes several proposals: To keep the beautiful external walls, raising them to the alignment of the adjoining construction, allowing for a bigger volumetry and the possibility of building a mezzanine. To maintain a discrete and traditional exterior, assuming the possibility of turning the interior into a much more contemporary and compelling space. To compensate for the lack of space by maximizing its use and reducing the partitions to the essential, while searching for a volumetric quality. To convert the walled area into a small garden, with a covered space to allow for external meals, and a water element to ease the torrid summers.
▼半室外用餐空间，the covered space for external meals © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
▼房门通向庭院，the doors leading to the courtyard © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
An austere exterior, materialized in rough granite, blends gently with the surrounding constructions, but contrasts with a clearly contemporary interior, delicately shaped into a cosy, warm, and comfortable space, that presents a surprising luminosity, taking into consideration that the traditional constructions of the area have usually dark and gloomy interiors. A loft-like interior gathers kitchen, living, and eating areas into a single space at the entry level, while the intimate areas are harboured in a mezzanine. The main focal element of the entire intervention is the customised stair-bench-table-fireplace, that sets all the rules for the construction. This is the generating element of all the internal geometries, and the guiding thread of the entire project, which accentuates the verticality of the double height area. It is also a reinterpretation of Scarpa’s Olivetti Showroom in Venice, and a humble homage to the great Italian master.
▼生活区室内概览，overview of the living area © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
▼定制的多功能设施，the customised stair-bench-table-fireplace © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
▼材质丰富的室内空间，interior space with rich materials © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
Light input is carefully controlled through wall and zenithal openings, that produce dramatic effects on the bush-hammered stone, and on the wooden elements that proliferate in the house, changing its ambience throughout the day. Customized carpentries help to add a sense of quality to the space, while providing for multiple storage areas.
▼墙壁和屋顶的开窗，wall and zenithal openings © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
The walled patio includes a shed, a garden, a few trees that will hopefully age with the house, and a small stone cladded pond. A corten steel made raised flower bed awaits for the plants.
▼卧室，the bedroom © Ricardo Oliveira Alves
▼首层平面图，the ground floor plan © HBG Arquitectos
▼夹层平面图，the mezzanine plan © HBG Arquitectos
▼屋顶平面图，the mezzanine plan © HBG Arquitectos
▼立面图，elevations © HBG Arquitectos
▼剖面图，sections © HBG Arquitectos
Project name: Rural House in Portugal
Architecture: HBG Arquitectos – Henrique Barros-Gomes
Adress: Calçada da Pampulha, 69 – 1º – 1200-751 Lisboa PORTUGAL
Construction area: 95m2
Project location: Aldeia de João Pires, Penamacor, Portugal
Photo credits: Ricardo Oliveira Alves
Engineering: OMF – Engenharia de Edifícios
Landscape: HBG Arquitectos
Builder: DBC Construções