The project deals with the redesign of the city park and part of the Loučná River embankment in the immediate vicinity of the historic centre of the small town of Litomyšl in eastern Bohemia.
▼改造后的空间概览，overall view of the space after renovation ©Jan Slavík
A significant value of the area was the natural character of the river banks and a quiet picturesque adjacent street. On the other hand, it was facing a number of problems: a fenced- in playground and various other barriers prevented access to and alongside the river. The absence of sidewalks led to collisions of pedestrians with cars and bicycles and parts of the territory were not interconnected.
▼改造前的环境，space before renovation ©Rusina Frei architekti
Although Litomyšl is well-known for numerous high-quality architectural realizations in the last two decades, this was the first project that involved participation of the public. Detailed sociological surveys and workshops became the starting point for a public architectural competition. The requirement was to solve the relation to the water, to improve pedestrian passability and to create a place for rest for locals of all generations. The budget was set at around € 1.2 million. The whole project has been running for about four years. Our design is based on the concept of interconnecting four different urban areas – waterfront, riverside, park and street – into one functional unit.
▼区位图，location ©Rusina Frei architekti
▼设计草图，design sketches ©Rusina Frei architekti
On the embankment there is a city promenade under the trees, designed for rest, meetings and games. It features a sculptured playground with musical motifs. The waterfront is lined with a low wall of colored concrete, creating a border between the city and the natural banks of the river. They are preserved in their wildness and accessible only in selected places by light steel observation platforms. The river Loučná is bordered by a hinged footbridge. This is, like the observation platform, designed as a transparent steel structure that is as filigrane as possible. The park at a nearby 19th century concert hall is set on a sunny meadow. Restored is the resting garden of the restaurant, which is newly supplemented by a steel pavilion with a green roof. A narrow street along the edge of the city was re-paved and flattened to transform it into a pedestrian zone.
▼沿河步道，path along the river ©Tomáš Souček
▼彩色混凝土矮墙划分河流和城市区域，low wall of colored concrete defining the border between the city and the river ©Tomáš Souček
▼河边的游乐场，playground along the river ©Tomáš Souček
▼音乐图形的游乐设施，play facilities in musical motifs ©Tomáš Souček
▼连桥，bridge ©Jan Slavík
▼轻盈的钢结构桥梁，bridge in light steel structure ©Tomáš Souček
▼岸边的观景台，viewing platform on the river bank ©Jan Slavík
▼观景台采用轻质钢结构，platform using light steel structure ©Jan Slavík
▼从观景台上欣赏自然景色，enjoy the natural view from the platform ©Jan Slavík
▼花园与凉亭，garden and the pavilion ©Tomáš Souček
Soon after the opening, the embankment became highly popular. Playgrounds are also used by children from nearby neighborhoods and villages. The civic association, which was the initiator of the whole project, evaluates the result very positively. The success of the project initiated a discussion on the modification of the following section of the embankment. Further adjustments will be needed in the future in places where the park was damaged in the 1970s by an insensitive construction of a nearby highway.
▼儿童在不同的游乐场中玩耍，children playing in different playgrounds ©上：Jan Slavík，下：Tomáš Souček
▼凉亭平面图，plan of the pavilion
▼凉亭剖面图，sections of the pavilion
▼观景台平面图，plan of the platform
▼观景台剖面图，section of the platform
▼连桥剖面图，section of the bridge
Authors: Martin Rusina, Martin Frei
Co-author of footbridge: Petr Tej
Cooperations: Markéta Poláčková, Daniela Vaníčková, Jan Žalský
Landscape architects: Partero – Jakub Finger, Mirka Svorová
Artists: Pavla Sceranková, Dušan Záhoranský
Client: Karel Komárek Proměny Foundation, Town of Litomysl
Program: Public space
Year of architectural competition: 2013
Adress: Litomysl, Czech republic
Area: 30 000 m2
Main building materials: Red exposed concrete, steel, wood
Photos: Jan Slavík, Tomáš Souček