Rehabilitation of Sant Antoni Market by Ravetllat arquitectura

Preserving the Sunday Market and adding the new public spaces

Project Specs

Location:

非常感谢 Ravetllat arquitectura 予 gooood 分享以下内容。更多关于他们,请至:Ravetllat arquitectura on gooood.
Appreciation towards Ravetllat arquitectura for providing the following description:

圣安东尼市场大楼由建筑师Antoni Rovira I Trias和工程师José M. Cornet i Mas于1882年合作设计完成,是巴塞罗那Eixample区内最具代表性的建筑之一。它占据着一整个街区,造型酷似一个十字架,在几何形状和尺度方面呼应Eixample地区的城市肌理。大楼的中心体量呈八角形,由一个巨大的圆屋顶覆盖,这种形式是塞尔达改建计划(Plan Cerdà)中对交叉体量的典型表达。

The Mercat de Sant Antoni building, designed by the architect Antoni Rovira I Trias and the engineer José M. Cornet i Mas in 1882, is one of the most iconic buildings in Barcelonás Eixample district. It occupies an entire block and is shaped like a Greek cross, its geometry and dimension typicle of Eixample alignments. The central octagon, crowned with a large dome, is typical of the crossing of the Plan Cerdà.

▼圣安东尼市场大楼鸟瞰图,bird-eye’s view of the Sant Antoni Market

市场处于一个战略性的地理位置上,在巴塞罗那旧城区(Ciutat Vella)和由隆达小城(Ronda)形成的环线的围绕下,成为了巴塞罗那熙熙攘攘的购物中心的核心,值得一提的是,这个购物中心一直在向周边的社区延伸和渗透,早已超出了其商业建筑本身的意义。多年来,集中在这一片区的商业贸易活动使得街边涌现出各种临时摊位,为了容纳这些摊位,圣安东尼市场大楼的周围开始出现各种不同的建筑。毋庸置疑地,这些季节性的周日市场必须予以保留并推广,因为它们不仅完善了市场的服务——即售卖新鲜的农产品,更将整个综合大楼变成了巴塞罗那最具代表性的地标性建筑之一,对城市来讲,可谓是意义重大。

The market’s strategic position with respect to Ciutat Vella and the ring formed by the Ronda has placed it at the centre of a busy shopping hub that transcends the boundaries of the building itself and spills over onto the surrounding neighbourhood. Over the years, concentrating trade into this one district has led to the emergence of different constructions around the market to house temporary street market stalls. These -seasonal and Sunday – markets are without a dount worth preserving and promoting, given that they not only complement the services of the market selling fresh produce, but they also manage to turn the entire complex into one of Barcelona’s most iconic landmarks.

▼圣安东尼市场大楼近景鸟瞰图,采用十字架的造型,中心体量呈八角形,由一个巨大的圆屋顶覆盖,close bird-eye’s view of the Sant Antoni Market in a Greek cross shape, the central octagon is crowned with a large dome

 

四个全新的公共空间 | FOUR NEW PUBLIC SPACES

翻新后的三角形广场不仅增强了圣安东尼市场大楼在视觉上的存在感,提高了建筑的可达性,还为一系列其他活动提供了空间。这些公共空间也是小型活动如故事会或演出等的理想空间,在功能上完美地补充了周日市场。

The recovered triangular plazas, apart from allowing easier access and visibility to the building, will become platforms and supporters of new complementary activities. They’re as well ideal spaces to host smaller format activities –such as storytelling or other spectacles- that would complement perfectly the Sunday market.

▼圣安东尼市场大楼局部及其翻新后的三角形广场,广场提供休息空间和活动空间,partial exterior view of the Sant Antoni Market and its recovered triangular plazas, the plazas provide platforms and supporters of new complementary activities

▼圣安东尼市场的公共空间,可以举办演出或者故事会等活动,the public space of the Sant Antoni Market, these spaces can host smaller format activities –such as storytelling or other spectacles

 

堡垒式基础 | THE BASTION

就像大多数沟槽一样,圣安东尼市场大楼老旧的堡垒式基础被完整地保留了下来,因此,后代们可以借助这些沟槽和沟壁来感受建筑的历史。

The old bastion was preserved in its entirety, as was most of the counterscarp, so that the trench wall of the market could be understood and enjoyed by the future generations.

▼圣安东尼市场大楼局部,从首层平面通向地下层,老旧堡垒式基础被保留了下来,partial exterior view of the Sant Antoni Market, going down to the lower floor from the ground floor, the old bastion is preserved

▼圣安东尼市场内部局部,保留堡垒式基础以展示历史,partial interior view of the Sant Antoni Market, preserving the old bastion to display the history

 

建筑平面 | THE PLAN

改造后的平面布局减少了摊位的数量,同时设计了一个流线型的空间布局(通道宽3米,每个摊位深2.5米),在扩大了中央通道的同时,使得建筑侧翼中的剩余空间能够用于其他用途。一系列新建的小体量将取代现有的、直接附着在建筑外墙上的储藏室,从而创造出一个通路。

The new layout has reduced the number of stalls and streamlined the space (passages with a width of 3 metres and stalls with a depth of 2.5 metres), allowing the surplus space in the wings to be put to other uses after enlarging the central aisle. The small new constructions that will replace the storerooms currently attached to the perimeter wall of the building will allow the creation of a passage.

▼圣安东尼市场大楼首层平面图(左),-1层平面图(右),ground floor plan of the Sant Antoni Market (left), -1F plan (right)

▼圣安东尼市场大楼-2层平面图(左),-3层平面图(右),-2F plan of the Sant Antoni Market (left), -3F plan (right)

 

建筑剖面 | THE SECTION

釉面瓷砖屋顶经过翻修,和中央八角形体量上的陶瓦圆屋顶一道,与市场大楼的其他结构和建筑元素完美地融为一体。建筑师扩大了地下室的高度,以便在装卸货区域创造出一个更加富裕的净空高度。原有的一个地下室被改造为了全新的商业空间,而其余位于中央(装卸货)区域的地下室则保持单层层高。此外,大楼中还设有两个夹层,用作储存和停车空间。

▼圣安东尼市场大楼结构,the structure of the Sant Antoni Market

▼圣安东尼市场大楼剖面图1,section 1 of the Sant Antoni Market

▼圣安东尼市场大楼剖面图2,section 2 of the Sant Antoni Market

The newly recovered glazed ceramic tile roof and the central dome clad in terracotta pieces blend with the rest of the market’s structural and construction elements. The height of the basement was extended to create a larger clearance height in the loading and unloading area, and one of the basements is now devoted entirely to new commercial uses. The other basements are of a single height in the central (loading and unloading) area and there are two mezzanine floors for storage and parking.

▼圣安东尼市场大楼夜景,釉面瓷砖屋顶与市场大楼的其他结构和建筑元素完美地融为一体,night view of the Sant Antoni Market, the glazed ceramic tile roof blends with the rest of the market’s structural and construction elements

Author: RavetllatRibas (Pere Joan Ravetllat, Carme Ribas)
Title: Rehabilitation of Sant Antoni Market. Barcelona

More: Ravetllat arquitectura        更多关于他们:Ravetllat arquitectura on gooood.

Post a Comment