匈牙利Szeged教堂改造项目 / 3H architecture



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非常感谢 3H architecture 予gooood分享以下内容。 Appreciation towards 3H architecture for providing the following description:


In the international discourse on contemporary architecture it seems to be evident that intervention into historic buildings is always a sensitive issue. This is particularly the case when the project is not only a simple renovation, but there are alterations or additions to the original building – it is always difficult to find the balance between past and present, between the attitude of sheer preservation of a monument and the voice of contemporary architecture. Additions copying eariler times and contemporary impacts that ignore their context are the two extremities to avoid – the desireable solution lies somewhere in between. There is no ultimate recipe, the questions need to be asked and answered in every particular case. 3H architercture has refurbished the Cathedral of Szeged in southeastern Hungary and managed to find solutions worthy of note.

▽ Szeged教堂外观,external view

001-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

002-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

005-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

006-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged   007-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged


The city of Szeged is located in flooded area and underwent many reconstructions during its history. The challenge was to explore the border in the historically densely layered urban structure and bring new spirit to the long-used spaces. Being built at the dawn of modernism, the church is an interesting mixture of historical and modern structures, styles, and construction methods – the current architectural concept has made an attempt to clarify the relationship between the original building and the additional layers. Besides restoring the original conditions, the architects considered the building as an open artefact consisting of layers of different eras, to which they added the contemporary layer as equivalent in value. As a result, one can sense a gentle progress in the case of the alterations of the already excisting parts, while the newly constructed elements bear a strong contemporary touch, nonetheless relate to their context. The example of the new reception area below the front stairs shows that attitude perfectly: it has received a pure appearance made flowy by the rythmical allocation of the ceiling lights and structural beams, while sunlight filters through the slits of the main staircase.

▽ 地下空间入口,entrance of the new reception area below the front stairs

008-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

009-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 交替错落的顶部光源与结构梁带来丰富的节奏变化,rythmical allocation of the ceiling lights and structural beams

012-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

010-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 餐厅空间,canteen

014-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

013-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

建筑中需要协调的最大矛盾在于现代建筑与古典建筑对于装饰所持有的不同态度。自Adolf Loos以来,现代建筑逐渐除去了所有修饰性的元素,以结构和材料展示建筑最本质的美,而教堂内部华丽而色彩斑斓的饰面则显而易见地占了了现代美学的对立面。纵使当代建筑师不再固守于百年前教条般的拘谨原则,但与繁复装饰性元素的结合仍然成为了难题。在本次改造中建筑师并没有逃避这个问题,而是尝试掌控整体,例如在礼拜堂中,他们的设计变完全融入了原有的空间之中,同时也为严肃的近乎沉重的空间带来了一些活力。在新设计的祭坛中,建筑师用纯白的大理石雕刻出当地传统文化中的图形,实现了装饰与材料的结合。

The main contradiction that needed to be cleared was between modern and historical architecture’s relationship to ornament and decoration. The densely decorated interior of the cathedral stands in direct contrast with the modernist aesthethics, which got rid of any decoration since Adolf Loos and finds beauty in clearly visible structures and in the material itself. Although contemporary architecture does not stick rigidly to these century-old principles, applied decoration of the past is still alien to it. The main advantage of the current changes is that they did not ignore decoration entirely, but rather keep them under control: the additions in the liturgical space all fit into the context, show, however, a gentle shift towards a sleeker style – they bring a bit of relief into the thickness of the space. In case of the new furniture, the ornament is integrated into the material – the altar’s marble mass is covered with a lace-like sheet of the same material, perforated with a local folklore pattern.

▽ 礼拜堂空间,the liturgical space

024_1-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 纯白的大理石雕刻有当地传统文化中的图形,the altar’s marble mass is covered with a lace-like sheet of the same material

024-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged   027-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

025-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged   026-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

028-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

030-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged   031-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged


In other spaces, like in the crypt an inverse solution comes into effect: the formerly abandoned spaces were given a new quality. The heavy pillars received unified white plastering and rhythmical illumination, the alteration of lignt and shadow gives contemporary aesthetics to the old space. By emptying the space, it has gained an elegant transparency, drawing attention to the latin cross floor plan reflected by impressive series of columns and arches.

▽ 地窖,the crypt

015-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

018-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

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020-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged   021-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 楼梯空间,staircase

022-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged   023-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged


These solutions shape the spaces in an organic way toward the needs articulated in the present time – the refurbishment did not dissolve the building into fragments, but rather managed to develop it continually, adding meaning and functions relevant to contemporary users.

▽ 总平面图,site plan

032-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 地窖平面,crypt floor

033-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 礼拜堂平面,the liturgical floor

035-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 建筑立面,elevation

040-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 剖面,section

041-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 西侧塔楼平面,western tower floor

037-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 塔楼剖面,tower section

042-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

▽ 钟楼,domotor

038-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged1

039-refurbishment of the Cathedral of Szeged

Name of the project: Renovation of the Dome of Szeged
Site: Dóm tér 6, 6720 Szeged
Client: DÓM Developer and Touristic Service Provider Organization
Design Architects: Katalin Csillag and Zsolt Gunther (3h architecture) /László Váncza (Váncza Művek Studio)
Project Architects: Tamás Békesi, Zsuzsanna Kolláth and Orsolya Pataj
Project Team: Dorottya Garay-Kiss, Anna Sára Kiss, Zsombor Fehér, Zoltán Lang, Márk Váncza

Structural Engineer: Balázs Puskás (TERRAPLAN’97 Mérnökiroda Kft.)
Sanitary Engineering: János Bukovics (G&B Plan Kft. Épületgépész Mérnökiroda)
Electrical Engineering: Gábor Kun (Hungaroproject Mérnökiroda Kft.)
Fire Protection Engeneering: Béla Nagy (Tűzterv Bt.)
Construction Details: Gergely Dobszay dr, László Kakassy dr (Kakassy és Társa Mérnöki Kft.)
Acoustics: Andor Fürjes (aQrate Kft.)
Landscape Architecture: Enikő Kapás (Departer Kft.)

Preliminary work (art history): Ferenc Bor
Main Diagnostician Coordinator: Csaba Németh (3C Kft.)
Soil Mechanics: Endre Kelemen Ács (3C Kft.)
Structural Diagnostics: János Laczkovics (3C Kft.)
Building Structures: Gergely Dobszay dr, László Kakassy dr (Kakassy és Társa Mérnöki Kft.)
Picture–restorer and Glass Mosaic Diagnostics: Mária Brutyó, Kornélia Forrai, Ildikó Jeszeniczky
Main contractor: West Hungária Bau Építő Kft. and Kalotherm Zrt. konzorcium

Archeological and restoration work
Archeology: Orsolya Lajkó and József Szarka (Museum Móra Ferenc, Szeged)
Picture-restorer: Dóra Verebes and András Seres (MentArtis Kft.)
Lead-glass Restorer: László Hefter and Brúnó Hefter (Hefter Üveggaléria és Stúdió Kft.)
Glass Mosaic Restorer: Flóra Verebes and Ferdinánd Horváth (MentArtis Kft.)
Metal-restorer: Attila Páhi (Cellin-Art Kft.)
Wood-restorer: Mihály Győri (Framart Kft.)
Stone-restorer: Attila Kovács (Ancien Bt.)
Silicate-restorer: Klára Csáki (Csáki és Társa Bt.)
Planning – execution: 2012-2015

MORE: 3H architecture



1 条评论

  1. 深深地感受到建筑师的不容易与良苦用心,不过,对各个时期的简直风格的保护就仅仅凭借一个建筑恐怕孤掌难鸣,不知道周围的景观有没有可能助这个项目一臂之力

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