Qalma is a vertical condominium which is developed in a reduced footprint, leaving a large percentage of green area, respecting the existing wooded area in the property and conserving 90% of all the trees grown on the site.
▼公寓楼外观，exterior view of the condominium
A fundamental issue in the conceptualization of the project is the definition and interpretation of biophilia implemented in a vertical tower of apartments; inhabiting a space and in this case in particular a vertical condominium, must be resolved to meet the needs of its inhabitants, the priority is to improve the quality of life of those who inhabit the architecture, this can be achieved by integrating nature within the apartments and within common areas; A first approach to achieve this is by enabling common areas with privileged locations within the tower, in this way we can integrate the experience not only inside apartments but also outside them, the common areas are located in the last three levels of the tower, creating experiential relationships in height, another implemented method was to bring nature within the verticality of the project and inscribe it around the perimeter of the tower, the idea is to create a natural environment in height.
▼公寓楼正立面外观，建筑占地面积很小，使得基地绿化率很高，elevation view of the condominium that is developed in a reduced footprint, leaving a large percentage of green area
▼公寓楼外观局部，采用混凝土和金属结构，partial exterior view of the condominium made of concrete and metal structures
▼公寓楼东北立面，设有整墙的金属结构，the northeast elevation with entire metal structures
▼公寓楼立面垂直绿化俯视图，the top view of the vertical green on the facade of the condominium
The vegetation incorporated in the verticality of the facades of the building generates a considerable thermal load reduction inside the building but more important are the health benefits that it causes to its inhabitants, for example, a walk through the forest or the simple fact of Being surrounded by vegetation can lower blood pressure, lower adrenaline levels in the blood, reduce anxiety, improve concentration and memory, reduce the likelihood of suffering from depression, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, generate this connection between inhabitant and nature carries out from the architectural design and landscaping.
▼公寓楼外观局部，金属结构可为种植容器提供支撑空间，partial exterior view of the condominium, the metal structure provides supporting space for the planters
▼公寓楼外观局部，partial exterior view of the condominium
▼公寓楼外观局部，金属结构可用于支撑公寓阳台的种植池，partial exterior view of the condominium, the metal structure can support planters that perch on the balconies of each apartment distributed throughout the tower
▼公寓楼外观局部，立面上引入绿化，partial exterior view of the condominium with the vegetation on the verticality of the facade
▼立面绿化细节，details of the facade vegetation
▼公寓楼上层的公共露台空间外观，金属结构作为屋檐提供了遮阳空间，exterior view of the public terrace space on the upper floor of the condominium, the metal structure acts as eave for shading
▼公寓楼上层的公共露台空间，结合绿植，享有极好的景观视野，the public terrace space on the upper floor of the condominium with vegetation and good scenery view
▼从公共露台向外看，viewing outside from the public terrace space
▼公寓楼顶层的公共泳池和露台空间，the public pool and terrace space on the roof
The materiality of the project was raised under three conditions and main guidelines, aesthetics, longevity and the implementation of local materials; the concrete was raised as the main structure, base and foundations of the building, but also as an architectural element that will remain largely exposed, the modulation of the concrete panels was a recurring theme since it was proposed that it reflect harmony and relationship between all his parts; the transitions between different materials were resolved as part of the design, being honest with their composition, without being covered and leaving the materials in evidence; the metal structure works as secondary structural elements, these are placed to satisfy three different purposes, the first is to raise vertical green screens over the entire north-east façade, the second purpose is to support planters that perch on the balconies of each apartment distributed throughout the tower, the third purpose is to generate eaves, mainly in the amenities and terraces of the last two levels of the tower.
▼公寓楼入口大堂，局部双层通高，the entrance hall of the condominium with part of double-height space
▼公寓楼入口大堂，内饰面采用清水混凝土面板，the entrance hall of the condominium with exposed concrete panels
▼公寓室内空间，设有种植着植物的大阳台，interior space of the apartment with the large balcony housing the vegetation
本项目位于哥斯达黎加的El Coyol de Alajuela地区，该地区与工业和商业发展为主。作为一种新型的住房形式，Qalma是该地区第一座高层的垂直公寓楼，因此，它也在该地区内创造了一种前所未有、与众不同的社区体验。
Located in El Coyol de Alajuela, an area marked by industrial and commercial development, Qalma is introduced as a new housing option, at the time of its construction it is the first vertical condominium in the area, and for this reason it creates an experience of community different from what existed in the area.
▼公寓楼外观夜景，exterior view of the condominium at night
▼公寓楼入口夜景，night view of the entrance of the condominium
▼居住空间平面图，floor plan of the living levels
▼带有露台的居住空间平面图，floor plan of the living levels with the terrace
▼公寓平面放大图1，the layout plan of the apartment 1
▼公寓平面放大图2，the layout plan of the apartment 2
▼公寓平面放大图3，the layout plan of the apartment 3
YEAR: started, 2016 / ended 2019
AREA: 9,280m² Vertical Project. First Stage
LOCATION: Coyol, Alajuela, Costa Rica