A bosom friend afar brings distant land near. The Oversea album shares the lives of Chinese living abroad with all. The No.103 episode is about Bin Jia who graduated from AHO and is now practicing as an independent architect. Official website: BIN ARCHITECT.
Why going abroad?
Study, get better education, enrich life experience.
What impressed you the most when you are abroad?
印象最深刻的是北欧所处的社会背景有种“慢”的特质。在平均主义盛行的文化语境里，每个人不约而同地保持低调谦逊，都在寻找不太引人注目和不太花哨之间的平衡点，总之就是 “Never show off”。对比瑞士的山区文化和城市主义主导的设计传统，由于北欧领土辽阔而人口稀少，使得建筑和自然产生了独一无二的联系，北欧建筑师大多遵循于当地传统，倾向于透过自然而非城市化的角度回应场地。当我去奥斯陆北部看Fehn设计的由传统谷仓改造的海德马克博物馆，或者在斯德哥尔摩参观Lewerentz的林中墓地的时候，一种强烈的关联性带着从土地生长出来的感觉油然而生，用一种朴实的自然哲学回应大地(down to earth)，这里的形式更复杂，更随机。同样我很难透过社会和都市叙述的角度去解读他们的作品。所以不同的学习和工作经历也让我在不同的文化和语境中切换着关注的对象。
The first impression was the “slow” vibe and the “Janteloven” peculiar in Scandinavian context. In the cultural where egalitarianism prevails, people reserve their opinions, and keep as humble as possible. Everyone is looking for a balance between being less noticeable and less fancy. In other words- “Never show off”. Moreover, in contrast to Switzerland’s mountainous culture and urbanism dominated design tradition, due to the vast territory and sparse population in Norway, architecture and nature have a unique connection. Most Nordic architects follow local traditions and tend to respond to the context through nature rather than urbanization. When I went to the north of Oslo to see the Hedmark Museum, also known as the Storhamar Barn, is one of Sverre Fehn’s best known works. As well as when I visited Sigurd Lewerentz’s Woodland Cemetery in Stockholm, a strong connection came to me with the feeling of growing from the ground. A simple natural philosophy responds down to the earth, so it is also difficult to interpret their works from the perspective of social and urban narrative.
What do you miss the most about China?
Food, family and friends.
Will you come back China? Why?
Most likely. If you are looking for a comfortable life and a good professional environment, Nordic country is the place to go, but architectural creation sometimes requires a sense of hunger and uncertainty out of the “comfort zone”. And I also want to work independently as an architect in China.
Is it more distinct to view China in a different environment after going abroad? Any thought?
The most important thing of studying abroad is that I have made up the content that I should have known by asking the question of “why do I do this”. So, the experience of studying abroad has opened up a new sight, which I gained from a lot. Different learning methods force me to refine the unintelligible and rough things in the learning process and rethink my own coordinates. It also gave me another way to look back from another perspective. As what director Jia Zhangke said, “I really got my hometown because I left it.”
What makes the curriculum of your school different from other architecture schools?
AHO has the “warm precision” vibe from Nordic culture. Most studios do not recommend computer involvement in the early stage of a project, and instead encourage the extensive use of manual models, which are unpolished and rough to present. Models are mostly made of plaster, wood, concrete and other materials with natural texture, emphasizing the materiality and real weight of the model itself. There is no limit setup in the studio but to focus on stimulating each student’s own design motivation. The project does not pursue the “delicate and beautiful” visualization, but encourages individual interests as the orientation to cultivate students’ architectural sensitivity. A “good” project is often not the one with the most beautiful renders or the most exquisite models, but the one that can arouse discussion and emotional participation. Architecture should have a tension between deliberate and unintentional.
There is a clear academic attitude towards teaching in ETH, precise and delicate operation training at different levels, and emphasis on the depth of the drawings and the expression of the place and atmosphere of the image. For example, in Kerez studio that rather investigates the “space” typology than talking about architecture form, which also brings me a great personal impact. There are also professors and architects from all over the world as teaching guests in school every year, so different studios also have their own preferences and focuses. After a semester of intensive learning and thinking, it is difficult to have time to relax, but it will benefit a lot
What are the characteristics and interesting points of your firm?
After graduating, I set up my own studio collaborating with different architects and firms to do research and competition projects that interest me.
Who is your favorite artist (in wider range such as art, music, movie)? What is the influence?
作为一个经验有限的建筑师，我不认为建筑作品是绝对的个人创造也不可能像一件艺术作品那样纯粹和自主。所以我的工作方法倾向于在设计中经常进行大量的文献阅读以及案例分析，并将一些历史参考作为学习的起点——这些参考也不限于建筑的作品，可能是一段文字，一幅画、一个雕塑，甚至是电影场景等等。比如我做的一个旅馆设计中，将Matta Clark创作的一系列城市“切割”作品作为参照，让建筑空间的里外对接，打通了屋内与屋外，私人空间和公共空间的藩篱；在Kerez的设计课受到塔可夫斯基的电影《潜行者》的一个电影场景启发而发展的空间动态关系；毕设学校设计中参照Carel Visser的“悬挂”雕塑作品中表达结构的“非稳定性”以及Antonello的《书房中的圣杰罗姆》油画中表达的空间嵌套效果等等。所以另一方面，建筑学与文学、电影、绘画、雕塑等其他艺术种类有着很强的渗透关系以及相似之处，本质上都是对作者世界观以及生活经验的投射，是个人价值的具体体现。莫里斯·庞蒂说“我们要看的不是艺术作品，而是作品所暗含的世界。”同样对于建筑，也拥有双重结构，它们既有基础的功能和实用性，也包括空间与形式、存在与形而上的经验与感受。正是这样的二元性与对话性赋予了建筑作品的密度、意义及暗示性力量。
As an architect with limited experience, I do not believe that architectural works are absolutely personal creations, nor can they be as pure and autonomous as a work of art. Therefore, my working method tends to do a lot of reading and case study often before the design, and take them as the starting point for learning — these references are not only architectural works, it can be a paragraph of text, a painting, a sculpture, or even a movie scene, etc. For example, in the design of a Hostel, I used a series of urban “cutting” works created by Matta Clark as a reference to connect the interior and exterior of the architectural space, breaking down the barriers between inside and outside, private space and public space. In Kerez studio, spatial dynamics were developed inspired by a movie scene from Tarkovsky’s film Stalker. The diploma project of the Schoolhouse refers to the “instability” of the structure expressed in the “hanging” sculpture by Carel Visser and the space nesting effect expressed in the oil painting “Saint Jerome in the Study” by Antonello. Therefore, architecture, literature, film, painting, sculpture and any other types of subject have a strong penetration relationship and similarities. It is essentially a projection of the author’s world outlook and experience, is a concrete embodiment of personal value. Maurice Merleau-Ponty said, “We are not looking at a work of art, but at the world it implies.” Similarly for architecture, there are dual structures, which have both basic functions and practicality, as well as space and form, existence and metaphysical experience and feeling. It is this duality and dialogue that give architectural works the density, meaning and suggestive power.
▼Matta Clark的城市“切割”（左），Andrei Tarkovsky《潜行者》电影场景（右）
Gordon Matta-Clark. Splitting, 1974 (left) ；<Stalker>, Andrei Tarkovsky, 1979 Film (right)
Carel Visser, Reinforced concrete sculpture , Hague, 1966 (left) ；Antonello da Messina, Saint Jerome in His Study, 1475 (right)
What fascinates viewers the most in your portfolio in your opinion?
I think my works have a sense of balance and a matter-of-fact attitude. Looking back at the projects I have done, my interests are changing dynamically. From the very beginning, the most basic architectural elements were used to express the autonomy and abstraction of architecture, to the recent project to try to be more related to the environment, to find a balance between context and attempting to create architectural autonomy. However, the discussion on the materiality and complexity of architecture are the core topics that I always pay attention to.
When did you start to follow gooood? Any suggestions?
Probably from 2012, I hope you can maintain high-quality content sharing and creating. Wish gooood all the best in the future.
W O R K
Fall 2017, AHO
Tutor: Neven Mikac Fuchs, Kersten Geers
The design topic is a holiday house, the base is located in the Matarrana mountains in southern Spain, the fourth week of the semester Spanish and Portuguese architecture study trip by the way to see the site, from Barcelona to drive about 2 hours, the whole mountain is located in a virgin forest. As part of the curriculum, Kersten Geers asked us to find planes and sections of interest in the first two weeks of the semester, then conduct plane analysis and section space combing, and then extract symbols from reference for deconstruction, alienation and reorganization.
这里有两个方案作为我的reference，一个是Palladio的圆厅别墅，另一个是一处未建成的墓地Capron Cemetery，一个是典型的文艺复兴式平面——中心对称，完型几何嵌套，回应文脉同时建筑自治。另一个是从文艺复兴式的古典美学符号进行提炼，圆厅异化成更大尺度的院子其中包含矩形的附属功能空间，带来更强的碰撞感，纪念性和日常性的共存，这种空间的双重性（dual phenomenon）也是我兴趣点的开始。
I choose two plans as my reference. One is Palladio’s Villa Rotonda, the other is an unbuilt Capron Cemetery—-one is a typical Renaissance plan — central symmetry, gestational geometry embedded, in response to the context and architectural autonomy at the same time, the other is refined from the classical aesthetic symbols of the Renaissance. Villa Rotonda is dissimilated into a larger scale courtyard, which contains rectangular auxiliary functional Spaces, bringing a stronger sense of collision and coexistence of memorial and daily characteristics. The dual phenomenon of space is also the beginning of my interest.
The site is chosen on a flat plateau overlooking the surrounding landscape of forests and mountains, it is far away from the city. A single landscape has no object or place to refer to. Context has become the natural nature of this place. The specificity and autonomy of the building should be emphasized. Responding to the single landscape through the interestingness of the house itself became the initial thinking direction of the project.
The natural environment was used as a starting point to respond to different ways of dealing with the space. The circular outer gallery forms a boundary and ‘occupies’ a courtyard; The ground does not make any artificial decoration and laying, and there is no artificial trace. The large enclosed space contains the land, and responds to an endless plane in a way of earth art. You can’t dominate this’ space ‘, you can only be a part of it. The living room and kitchen are open, with no closed walls or Windows facing the ‘yard’, and the whole space serves as an extension of the yard; The field of view is limited to the large outdoor space, making daily and non-daily completely opposite. When two vastly different scales of space collide, it requires a change from one state to another. At the intersection the “small space” is interfered with by the external “big space”. The connecting boundary is transformed into the interior space of the house, completing the transition from vertical walls to horizontal floors.
Inside the house, the sudden change of walls around the room completes the transition from structure to enclosure, giving the impression that the room is subordinate to some larger space. The underground space is functionally independent. The only column is set at the entrance of the steps to give structural hints to the space. These different scales and types of space not only express a certain “individual consciousness” but also imply the indivisibility of the whole through the high degree of occlusion. The state of space is also from open – semi-open – closed, which constitutes a kind of intermission of space continuation.
Going back to this project, I hope it is also the product of the combination of abstraction and concreteness. The functional space is concrete, while the “courtyard” is abstract. It is part of nature, but it contains more real and concrete emotions. Part of it is architecture — but closer to nature than any space. At the same time, I am also thinking about this question: when architects are in a relatively ideal context free from the constraints of city and cultural context, what on earth enables us to give meaning to a building in a particular place? The weak context drives me to more essential and precise architectural practice, but it also forces me to think deeply about creating meaningful architecture far away from our familiar context, and to actively become a context.
Spring 2018, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Tutor: Christian Kerez
First of all, Kerez describe specific architectural space by abstracting spatial prototype : only with words, deliberately without any images or references, and purely by the effort of thinking to trigger projects – working on the essence of architectural space itself. (the space here is not referring to a certain space, but a collection of abstract concepts). The definition of abstraction is also intended to overcome any individual decision about aesthetic taste and independent emotions, such as shape or size and proportion of internal space. Of course, it does not avoid the auxiliary understanding of philosophy, film, literature and other disciplines. Each student chooses two space prototypes as the objects to be discussed throughout the whole semester, and designs a private house with these space types respectively. Here, the context, site and function become secondary, and the autonomy of architecture is pushed to the foreground. Therefore, this design class is more like a “propositional composition”, giving the “theme” to build the framework and fill in the content. Throwing away the minutiae makes the design more essential and precise training.
At the beginning of the project, the manual model is introduced without any prejudgment, and then a series of research models for a specific space is made, during which the meaning of irrelevant elements is constantly tried and claimed, to enhance the more important things and to allow for a higher complexity. The final model is meant to be honest and direct enough. Kerez has always stressed and required us to use large scale models and model photos to present the scheme, from the initial stage of the scheme to each further step, assisted by printing two A0 size model photos — measuring and perceiving the space on a human scale. In this sense, models are both ideas and objects, both abstract and concrete, and they allow people to understand complex spatial phenomena through simplification. This is why conceptual models are a special way of working — they represent reality in an indirect way, offering the possibility of thinking about an idea in a different form. Simple concepts, buildings are reduced to a single element, creating strong interdependencies that make the architecture complex and diverse.
Not every wall is divided a space. Actually, most of the walls fit together. Building incessantly, without any intentions to allow a spatial experience, to each other. Several concepts of anthropology of space would have to be used in a weakened form to spatially describe these houses. A wall can only divide a room if it can be experienced clearly and uniquely as a single space. In addition to a clear, geometrically or sensually clear boundary, the height development or the construction can serve to emphasize a spatial context beyond its division. Despite the division, this space can be experienced as a single coherent space. Despite multiple divisions, this space is still perceived as a holistic space. The relationship between the expression of the divided space and the separating wall is crucial. A weak space, which can hardly be perceived holistically, can still be perceived as a divided space in a similarly weak form of the dividing wall, be it made of glass or of wire mesh, and vice versa Its design has a distinctive, unique appearance, even through a solid closed wall can be experienced as a shared space, as long as even a single opening allows the passage or even the view from one part of the room in the other. Two rooms that are equally juxtaposed do not yet represent a shared space.
The Phase 1 outcome requires two large scale models, two A0 model photos and associated reference pictures or any drawings. I spent about four weeks doing two directions: The first concept is to separate the overall space by vertical walls and horizontal floors. The vertical wall is two-storey high, which in turn divides the first floor into the living room and dining room, and the second floor into the Rakhine bedroom. Stairs serve as a carrier connecting the line of sight and space; the floor is separated from the middle by the stairs and becomes a “gap” that strengthens the second-level plane separation. The line of sight communicates through the wall hole, the space is separated, and the wall is independent and vertical. The attribute of division is emphasized again. Although this space is divided horizontally and vertically, it can still be perceived as a single overall space.
In the second project, the inclined wall becomes the only partition. The wall is inclined from the middle to the direction of the bedroom. More space is reserved for the living room (on the right). The bedroom space on the left is divided twice by several walls, and each two rooms share the corridor leading to the living room; The light from the skylight enhances the materiality of the partition wall, while the double-sided sloping roof provides a balance of composition for the space separated, while strengthening the continuity of the Spaces.
“这个空间主要是由独特简洁的几何形状所决定。这种形状逐渐发生改变并‘包裹（wrapping）’整个空间。 这个被包裹的空间是不间断的，不被任何其他因素所破坏。空间外围（envelope）的是决定这个空间的唯一建筑元素。它不强调质量和深度，可能仅仅是一个非常薄的‘表面’，但开口部分应该成为空间形式的一部分。” 值得注意的是，这里的Figurative的词根是figure，很容易联想到是从某一个物体（figure）异化而成，但恰恰相反的是并不特指或者说没有具体的参照对象，从普遍意义上对“具象物”的再“抽象”。就好比说身上穿着的衣服，衣服刚刚好落在了你的身体上，褶皱随着运动发生改变，这件衣服和裸露的皮肤之间就形成了Figurative space，也可以理解成存在于“表象”和“实体”之间的空间。
最终方案的目的在于创造“洞穴式的空间”。200mm的薄壳混凝土外壳包裹一个巨大的单一空间，并作为唯一空间边界（envelope）的决定因素。在这个房间，没有柱子和墙，地面和屋面的边界融化交织在一起。 地面随着屋面的变化上下起伏，留下具有导向性的平行空间。空间的不稳定性产生移动，移动导致感知和体验不断发生变化，从宽到窄，明到暗，清晰到模糊，流动到凝固，一系列的体验让空间充满张力。单个图像片段像一系列描述同等视角的空间切片一样难以捕捉空间的序列。起居室和厨房均在这个大空间中开放性存在，卧室和浴室藏在倾斜地面的下方，从顶部进入。 隐藏的私密空间很难从外部察觉，保证单一空间的完整性。两个大的顶部开口一个位于起居室上方，一个作为通向卧室的入口。由于形式的不确定性，模型的制作变得尤为重要。这个方案第一次从手工模型（石膏）过渡到图纸再到3D建模，从不确定到确定的过程，模型的制作成为了推动设计的重要手段，图像和技术图纸成为了结果。
This space is mainly due to the conciseness and uniqueness of its geometric shape determined. This shape is gradually changing but significantly over the entire extent of the building. Its wrapping remains an uninterrupted, widely ramified surface, without this form being compromised by any other element. Accordingly, the space envelope is the only architectural element that determines this space. It does not matter whether it is hanging down from a ceiling, whether it is infinitely heavy and massive, or just a very thin skin. The openings of this room should form part of the space figure. the root of Figurative here is figure, which is easily associated with the alienation from an object (figure). On the contrary, it does not specifically or have no specific reference object, and it is the “abstract” of the “Figurative” in general. For example, like a dress covering your body, the folds change with movement. The dress and the bare skin form a Figurative space, which can also be understood as the space between “appearance” and “substance”.
The inspiration for the project came from the “cave-like space”. A 200mm thin concrete shell wraps a large single space and acts as the sole determinant of the envelope. In this space, without columns and walls, the boundary between ground and roof melts and interweaves. The ground rises and falls as the roof changes, leaving a guiding parallel space. The instability of space leads to movement, which leads to constant changes in perception and experience, from wide to narrow, from light to dark, from clear to fuzzy, from flow to solidification. A series of experiences fill the space with tension. A single fragment is as difficult to capture a sequence of Spaces as a series of snapshots describing the experience of a space from the same perspective. The living room and kitchen are open Spaces in this large space, while the bedroom and bathroom are hidden beneath the sloping floor and accessed from the top. The hidden private space is difficult to perceive and detect from the large space, maintaining the integrity of a single space. Two large top openings, one above the living room and one that serves as an entrance to the bedroom. Due to the uncertainty of the form, the production of the model becomes particularly important. This solution is also the first time to transition from model to drawing to 3D modelling, from uncertainty to certainty. So manual model has become a means of design, and images and technical drawings have become the outcome.
Collective Hostel—“ A Pleasure of Collaboration”
Fall 2018, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Tutor: Cecilia Puga
第三个方案来自于ETH的客座教授Cecilia Puga 设计课，题目是《集体生活—合作的乐趣》。集合住宅、难民营或者临时的旅馆所等任何临时或永久的社会性住宅将成为这学期关注的主题。我选择的题目是一个青年旅馆，方案从逻辑关系（Relational system），氛围（Atmosphere）和材料（Materiality）阐明如何从空间和物质的交换方式来塑造和促进“合作的乐趣”，以及关注它与个人感情和特定空间记忆的关系。
The project is about “Collective Living—The pleasure of Cooperation”. Any temporary and or permanent social housing such as collective housing, refugee camps or temporary hotels can be the topic. The theme I chose was a youth hostel, and the scheme explained how the “pleasure of cooperation” could be shaped and promoted from the Relational system, Atmosphere and Materiality in terms of the exchange of space and matter, as well as its relationship to personal feelings and specific spatial memories.
方案的初期我们以小组的形式对人的行进和互动方式进行讨论，并通过将不同reference的平面元素进行“拼贴”，并以这个拼贴平面为基础找到与之相关的图像。在着手方案设计之前，我想通过学习两个案例找到如何在不同空间中获得不同维度的视觉体验。在Adolf Loos的Muller House中, 充分应用了他倡导的 “体积规划（Raumplan）”，即设计从三维的空间出发，集群的空间被放置在不同的水平层，每个房间设置不同的具体高度。空间序列通过楼梯连结创造出一种全新的建筑体验。这些空间的方向、高度和宽度不断变化，视线上的看与被看的控制和随之产生的心理暗示，构成了人置身于其中所能感受到的丰富的体验。同时参照 Matta Clark在1975年做的一系列”切割（splitting)“的装置艺术实验， 直接进入城市建筑中，对建筑空间进行的“破坏”，切断，钻洞，让建筑空间的里外对接，打通了屋内与屋外，私人空间和公共空间的藩篱，为缝隙不被注意的废弃空间寻找价值。
In the first few weeks, we discussed the way people move and interact with each other in a group, and “collage” the plane elements of different references, and found the related images based on the collage plane. Before starting to design, I want to find out how to get different dimensions of visual experience in different Spaces by studying two cases. In the Muller House of Adolf Loos, the “Raumplan” advocated was fully applied. The house started from the three-dimensional space, with the space of clusters placed on different horizontal levels and each room set at different specific heights. The sequence of Spaces is linked by stairs to create a new architectural experience. The direction, height and width of these Spaces are constantly changing. The control of seeing and being seen on the line of sight and the consequent perception constitute the rich experience you can feel inside. Matta Clark in 1975 to do a series of “cutting (splitting)” installation experiment, direct access to urban construction, the “destruction” of architectural space, cut, drill holes to connect the interior and exterior space, opening up the interior and out of the house, the barrier between private space and public space seeks value for the void space not being noticed.
Back to the project, I want to put things in a simple basic cube shape. The plane and section adopt the same logic, breaking the concept of “layer and section” with continuous space, and the facade implies expressing space. Each space is relatively independent and has an obvious substitution dislocation relationship with another space. Starting from the shape and size of the space, the openness and privacy, the change of materialized space, the space sequence is inserted into the displacement travel streamline to expand, and the groups are connected by continuous public stairs on the side to connect the open living units on each floor. Following the extension of the spatial sequence from the outside to the inside, the publicity and openness of the space gradually declined while the privacy gradually increases. In other words, circling in several directions along the internal staircase, the publicity of the space is gradually filtered out while the privacy is gradually infiltrated. The stagger height difference creates a certain stage effect, attracting people to look out of their own space, thus strengthening the interaction of the sight. Structurally, it consists of vertical and horizontal walls and floor slabs that are consistent in structure and material without distinction. Concrete walls stagger and hang from each other to form a stable load-bearing structure.
A Schoolhouse in Oslo
Fall 2019 Diploma, AHO Oslo, Norway
Tutor: Beate Hølmebakk
My diploma followed on Professor Beate’s “Public Buildings in the City” as the topic. After the first half of the semester, I investigated different potential typologies. In the end, I chose the design in an outdoor sports field surrounded by communities in the center of the city -A primary and secondary school. Different from the previous two designs for more discussion on the architectural ontology and less context, the site is located in a dense urban community, the design conditions are limited, and the architectural relationship on the urban scale is more complex: both must meet the relationship between the school and the city requires, consideration of how to create unique spaces and structural types while realizing actual use needs. Therefore, I hope the last project of the student stage to be able to build up a bridge with reality.
The site is chosen in the dense neighborhood Bervens Løkke in Oslo. There is a playground with the size of 45m×30m. A garage and power station were built underneath. Due to the height difference of area, it rises up from right to the left side. That gives a opportunity to follow the terrain to layout functions. Because the school chooses to be in the traditional Oslo historical district, I hope to coordinate the relationship with the surrounding buildings with as little action as possible. The envelope of the building is the boundary of the sports field, the horizontal direction continues the urban texture, and the vertical height is consistent with the neighboring houses (24m), and reserve part of the outdoor site at the main entrance on the north side as a transition between the building and the natural environment. The new schoolhouse stands out and forms a new urban unit in combination with the neighbor school and kindergartens.
It was functionally divided into three zones: First one is outside area for the breaking time on the first floor and roof; Second is for daily school, from the first level to the third, basically for learning and teaching; The third is before and after-school care facilities, including common areas and sports hall. Due to the height difference, two entrances are placed in the opposite direction and different level of the building.
The first access leads to the after-school zone directly. A staircase leads up to the first floor, and two big open staircase leads down to the sports hall and the cloakrooms at the basement level. The main access to the school is from the open area used by the children at break-times. Here the first floor basically more for more common use, admin, health room, auditorium and library. Stair Section: And you go up through a second staircase following the direction of walking from the first one. They are designed as a path that follows an uninterrupted, continuous route through several storeys, which are more like an extension of openings in the floors. Two classrooms plus two group rooms, together with a common area, form one teaching unit.
Because of the depth of the building which is 30mx33m, in order to provide adequate lighting for the central areas. Two stairs are open with a glass roof on top. The lightweight, non-loadbearing walls are glazed under the ceiling. The lightweight, non-loadbearing walls are glazed under the ceiling. This transparency allows light to pass through the classroom into the atrium from four directions. In the same time each floor also appears as a single horizontal and interconnected space. The sense of continuity emphasizes the unity of the whole space.
文艺复兴时期Antonello的一副著名油画《书房中的圣杰罗米》,刻画了通过摆设“家具般的”场所，创造一种空间中的嵌套效果。同时，与荷兰建筑师Aldo van Eyck设计的阿姆斯特丹孤儿院和Herman Hertzberger的阿波罗学校有异曲同工之妙——空间关系存在“家具式”空间的品质。
所以，一方面我希望能学习环境的地方能够在“掩蔽物”和“视野向外”之间找到平衡。另一方面，将建筑整体分成具有容纳能力的更小的单元。 “家具”摆放在平面中，清晰地表达它们与周围的空间关系， 它们使空间同时变得“大”和“小”——变小是因为每个单元都与人的尺度息息相关，大的空间被切分成小的单元；变大是因为从半围合缩小的场所始终能察觉被更大的空间所涵盖，是这个建筑整体空间的一部分。从这个意义上说，这些“场所”能够提供受保护半私密空间，并为建筑物的每个单独元素分配了特定的角色，如墙壁，地板和柱子等。但同时也能感到与其他区域是彼此的一部分——在专注于你正在做的事情和成为整体的一部分之间取得某种平衡，适当的“阈”（空间区隔）也可以使走廊区域和教室之间有一个平滑的转换，成为“正式”与“非正式”活动的间歇。
A famous painting by Antonello in the Renaissance, depicts the creation of a nesting effect in the space by furnishing the place ” furniture like “. I also find the relationship with van Eyck and Hertzberger exists in the quality of the “furniture like” spaces which relate to the scale of a child.
Places for learning situations are able to strike the right balance between ‘cover’ and views out. Fragment the whole into smaller units which have a containing capacity. Furnitures are put in space, articulate the space around them. They make the space smaller and larger at the same time. Smaller because each unit is closely related to the scale of person, and the large space is divided into smaller units; Larger because the small fragmental space triggers the clear idea of belonging to a larger space, giving the impression that the you are only in a section of this holistic space. In this sense that you are protected within the intimacy of the place, but also feel part of each other. It’s a balance between concentration on what you are doing and being part of the whole. The appropriate threshold can give a smooth transition between corridor area and classroom.
The spatial structure of the school building is almost entirely congruent with the load-bearing structure, with which it forms an inextricable unit. The organisation of the ground plan into cellular dividers is the architectural consequence of this fusion.The system is based on a composite bearing structure of the walls and floors, whereby the floors act not only as slabs but also as part of the load-bearing wall. The loadbearing structure is a system of columns and slabs braced with additional fair-face concrete walls to resist horizontal forces. The rational facade layout with its vertical strips indicate a corresponding arrangement of the loadbearing walls and columns behind. The expression of the facade is made by the precast concrete ribs which divide the surfaces vertically to refer the verticality of the surroundings. In comparison with existing structures that employ the column-and-slab principle (e.g. Le Corbusier’s Dom-Ino principle), I exploited neither the independent arrangement of the facade, nor the freedom in the internal layout that would be possible. Instead, this system can be regarded as a neutral framework for the structure of the facade. The façade and the internal structure are strongly related to each other.
Regarding the establishment of a school in a city, it must not only meet the needs of the city, but also maintain the autonomy of the building itself. Firstly, I considered how the characteristics of learning and entertainment can meet the relationship between the school and the city, the layout of the space, and the final choice of structure and materials. At the same time, it can meet the requirements of the plan and use. “Teaching” is the core content of school design. Compared with the domestic stripping of extracurricular “interest groups” from the school, Nordic schools are more encouraging interaction and autonomy, and provide space for extracurricular activities, and each activity has own requirements and boundaries (woodworking, textiles, etc.). This is also the premise for the establishment of classrooms and activity rooms in a relatively independent “teaching group”.
In this project, I hope that the school will be open to the city as a part of the public building in the block. Therefore, a large area of windows is adopted and the outdoor activity space on the roof is added on the basis of retaining the original sports field. On the one hand, due to the geographic location and climate of Northern Europe, especially in winter, natural light becomes very precious, and all buildings must strive for extremely limited light outwards-facade windows, skylights and diffuse light guided from the facade; on the other hand, because it is in the dense neighborhood these requirements pose a challenging situation. A school must accommodate spaces for a wide range of activities, both planned and unpredicted, each with their own requirements and thresholds. The project explores the relationship between the exposed and the protected, open and focused, the classroom and the playground, in order to make the most of the carefully arranged spaces within a modest architectural background for the life of the school.
The Monte d’Oiro Wine Tasting Room
International Architecture Competition, Portugal, 2020 Fall
Collaborator: Jiangyan Luo
最后一个方案是毕业之后作为独立建筑师参与的一个国际竞赛，作为入围的方案之一，最终获得了荣誉奖。项目位于葡萄牙里斯本葡萄酒产区的Quinta Do Monte D’Oiro，业主是这个葡萄酒庄园创始人的后代，他们希望在葡萄园和酿酒厂之间设计一个可以同时容纳30人，建筑面积约为90平方米的品酒室，包括配套的卫生间储藏间等，作为聚会和招待客人的永久性建筑。
For this competition, participants are tasked with creating an inviting and innovative tasting room for guests to enjoy both the wine and the views of the vineyard. The project is located in the Quinta Do Monte D’Oiro, Lisbon Wine Region of Portugal. The net area is approximately 58 square meters. Our design starts with defining one large space, and other functions revolve around it. It explores how to define a small-scale space to be an experience of large and wide by the architectural elements, and how to describe the connection of the parts of a room to its holistic effect.
An L-shaped main wall separates outside from inside, main from secondary—the inside leads to the underground wine cellar, and the outside is the main tasting room. People enter the tasting room from the northeast through a dark corridor, walk through the room until the end of the building on southwest and go out to the exterior platform. The walls, pillars and beams do not enclose the collective spaces but accompany the flow from one space to another, defining trajectories that blend into the landscape. The form of structure applies the most common Portugal pitched roof. It is supported by concrete walls and natural wood beams. The continuous concrete walls on the slope follow the topography so as to create a path down to the vineyard. The wooden structure and ceiling of the main room are painted black, with a few coats of oil and alcohol, plus paint. It makes the internal space look more outgoing, and combined with the floor-to-ceiling large glass windows of the entire wall. The focus of the entire space is attracted by the external environment. The value of every single architectural element is redefined by amplifying the sensorial perception. The Tasting Room invites step by step to immerse oneself in the environment of the vineyard, to savor the nuances of the landscape and the passing of the seasons.