非常感谢 之行建筑事务所（联系邮箱：firstname.lastname@example.org） 予gooood分享以下内容。更多关于：ZhiXing Architecture Office on gooood。
Appreciation towards ZhiXing Architecture Office (contact: email@example.com) for providing the following description:
The owner of the project is an elder who is nearly 70 years old. I have been in contact with me for a few years. Although I am much older, my understanding of new information and new knowledge is as active as our post-80s. And the understanding of design is also very professional. Because they have the same design values, he has entrusted us with this design in order to create the “interesting” building in his mind under the condition of new residential needs.
▼鸟瞰建筑散布于树木环境之间，Bird’s eye view of buildings scattered among trees ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
The location of the project was determined when we walked between the two phases of the B&B plot together with the owner. This plot is located halfway up the mountain, surrounded by native trees in the site, with obvious ridge lines and site height differences. There are three main reasons for choosing this plot: the southeast side is close to the edge of the mountain, and has a good view of the open pastoral landscape; the dense trees, which can better meet the owners’ expectations of hiding in nature, achieve privacy and create a comfortable microclimate ; The location between the two phases of the homestay has both convenient transportation links and is not too close to be disturbed by the operating homestay.
▼鸟瞰整体场地区位Bird’s eye view of the overall field location ©之行建筑事务所
There are dozens of primitive camphor trees, chestnut trees, and cedar trees scattered naturally on the site. The terrain continues the mountainous landscape. There is a tea field that has been cultivated for a few years on the east side landscape.
▼傍晚鸟瞰建筑组团与周边村落环境Evening bird’s-eye view of architectural groups and surrounding villages ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼场地内保留的樟树与悬挑的客房体量，建筑融于树木及叠水景观中，Camphor trees retained in the venue and overhanging rooms, the building blends into the trees and stacked landscape ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
The design starts with locating the trees in the site. In order to keep the trees to continue to grow well, making the building a “supporting role” is the principle that was determined from the beginning of our design.
The more than ten trees that are retained are an important basis for the horizontal definition of the building volume within our design scope. As for the vertical relationship of mountain terrain, we are more concerned about preserving the terrain height difference of the mountain, erecting the building above the mound of the mountain, so as to connect the path from the tea garden, and the whole building has only one floor Basically, very little earthwork has been excavated.
▼现场放线定位树木及标高Locate trees and elevation on site ©之行建筑事务所
From the sketch of the first draft, we can see that we want to deal with the definition of this irregular tree with the construction plane of the orthogonal axis. Vertical height difference relationship, functional layout relationship and building orthogonal axis relationship have become the focus of our design repeated thinking.
▼由第一稿的正交轴方向逐渐转变成自由角度的旋转The direction of the orthogonal axis of the first draft is gradually transformed into a free-angle rotation ©之行建筑事务所
In the middle of the design, the two design friends of the owner also participated in the content of the plan and space concept. Everyone gave many questions about the internal functional layout, the connection between the upper and lower spaces, and the non-orthogonal axis relationship of the building. Specific sketch suggestions. After several rounds of deepening of the plane, the direction of the spatial layout was finally determined: the rotation angle of the main building forms a semi-enclosed and private inner courtyard, which is also the main space for the owner’s activities; at the same time, the main building also contains two floors The volume is used to resolve the vertical spatial relationship with the internal traffic of the building; the management room and functional room are set at the very end and the first floor after entering the inner courtyard, and the best southeast view and the inner courtyard view are both Give the main space such as the living room, tea room and dining room with the strongest public activity attributes; the guest room building is independent from the main building, horizontally arranged along the contour line of the tea field, and the view leads to the distant mountain behind the plank road. The rear part faces the tea field landscape.
▼建筑生成概念图解Conceptual illustration of building generation ©之行建筑事务所
▼建筑生成过程动图Animation of the building generation process ©之行建筑事务所
The building is deduced step by step to form a dispersed mass state of small blocks, so as to respond flexibly to complex site conditions. While echoing the surrounding building communities, it also allows the buildings to “hide” better in this mountain forest.
▼茶田边俯瞰建筑，唯一能看到较全的建筑整体面貌The tea field overlooks the building, the only thing that can see the overall appearance of the building ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
The tree is a very important defining factor in the site. In addition to the definition of the building volume, it also becomes the main basis for the turning direction of the plank road. As the most important traffic space connecting the building, the plank road, in the process of entering the building, we hope that the owner can also have a stepping experience. The close-up camphor trees, the open distant mountains and the pool outside the courtyard all enrich the spatial sequence before entering the building.
▼通透栈道与建筑连廊之间的水景，倒影树影环境Through the water feature between the boardwalk and the building corridor, the reflection tree environment ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼栈道平台眺望开阔远山Boardwalk platform overlooking the open mountains ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼栈道出挑平台与其下景观汀步Picking up platform on the plank road and its landscape ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
The Stone Wall At The Entrance
The rough stone wall at the entrance is what we conceived at the initial stage of the design. It has the main functions of enclosing the main building courtyard and isolating the noise of the west-facing road. The wall visually separates the inner courtyard from the outer courtyard. At the same time, the definition of space is also an important element for distinguishing public and private spaces. The shape of the wall has evolved from the initial one-fold L-shape to a two-fold Z-shape, and its structural standing relationship is stronger. The entrance space is also divided into a tree yard, a living platform and a bridge by a rough stone wall, which enriches the space experience of “closing” and “releasing” when entering the inner courtyard of the building.
▼进入大门后对应樟树庭院而收窄的视野After entering the gate, the view narrowed corresponding to the camphor tree courtyard ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
The choice of the material of rubble is in line with the direction of the overall material after the construction. The dark gray rubble is a common material for the construction of retaining walls in Anhua. The contrast between the roughness of the outside and the fineness of the courtyard.
▼入口连廊连接内院Entrance corridor connecting inner courtyard ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼入口连廊导向内院空间Entrance corridor leads to inner courtyard space ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
Two Vertical “patio”
Due to the location of two important camphor trees on the site, the “patio” space of these two tree yards was added to the enclosing relationship between the stone wall at the entrance and the main building. The main body of the building consists of two floors, and the second floor of the building is the main activity courtyard. The two “patios” are centered on the trees, connecting the vertical spaces on the first and second floors, introducing the skylight to the next floor, improving the quality of the first floor, and at the same time facing the tree landscape to the second floor activity courtyard, further strengthening the upper and lower Spatial connection.
▼一层休闲区对应的天井景观与天窗Patio landscape and skylight corresponding to the leisure area on the first floor ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼一层庭院空间Ground floor space ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼两个联通一二层的天井，两棵场地内原有樟树对应着这两个垂直向的空间Two patios connected to the first and second floors, the original camphor trees in the two sites correspond to these two vertical spaces ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼客房栋之间的平台，避让场地内的樟树同时可眺望远山The platform between the guest house ridges, avoiding the camphor trees in the venue and overlooking the distant mountains ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▲客房栋之间的连廊平台，与对应着树木及水景栈道Corridor platform between guest room ridges, corresponding to trees and water view plank ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
Large Overhanging Roof And Courtyard
Considering Anhua’s rainy climate and the owner’s preference for semi-outdoor activities, we expanded the cantilevered roof from 1 meter to 1.6 meters at the beginning of the design and added a supporting steel structure. The larger outcrop roof not only provides more semi-outdoor inner courtyard activity space, but also makes the scale of inner courtyard activity more pleasant. The semi-enclosed inner courtyard framed a unique piece of sky. A small pool of mirrored water on the ground and camphor trees in the patio set off between them, making walking, drinking tea, and fitness activities in the inner courtyard more natural and comfortable.
▼二层主要活动内院，望向保留的樟树及远山Main inner courtyard on the second floor, looking towards the preserved camphor trees and distant mountains ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼雨中的二层活动内院Inner courtyard on the second floor in the rain ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼俯瞰内院与屋顶Overlooking the inner courtyard and roof ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼客房栋之间的跌水景观与视线对应的樟树Camphor trees corresponding to the sight of the falling water between the guest room ridges ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼起居室空间，联通内院与远山景观Living room space, connecting inner courtyard and distant mountain landscape ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼茶室空间，窗口眺望开阔田野景观Tea room space, window overlooking the open field landscape ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼客房室内空间Room interior space ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
Construction And Material
Combined with our previous practical experience in Hunan area and the local construction conditions of Anhua, we used the frame structure familiar to the local construction team as the main structural system. Double-layer overhead is also the local experience we have gained, that is: the ground layer is overhead to isolate the moisture transmitted in the soil; the roof layer is overhead to isolate the heat from the heat.
▼和业主通过构造草图来确定现场的落地施工 We and the owner determine the on-site construction by constructing sketches ©之行建筑事务所
In terms of materials, we also used more common local construction materials: local rubble, terracotta, concrete, exterior wall texture paint, etc. In the structural design of the roof, we and the owner chose a new wood structure system, the purpose of which is to better improve the quality of the interior and strengthen the performance of the roof insulation and heat insulation. Construction.
▼建筑典型墙身构造图Typical wall structure of the building ©之行建筑事务所
After more than half a year of staying with the owner, we have received feedback from many owners: the use of space restores the fun of the design; the comfort effect brought by the new roof structure; the indoor fireplace enhances the comfort in winter; the negative one-level space in summer 6°-7° lower than the outdoor experience; the structure of the mirror pool drain makes the fallen leaves easy to clean; the waterproof treatment at the anti-beam structure needs to be considered more comprehensively; the angle of the morning is much reduced than the design expected, etc., these feedbacks All became our precious experience on the design road.
In the design process, we have the support and help of owner Wang, interior designer Wen, and architect Chen. Let us continue to learn and grow throughout the process, and we have more new cognitive perspectives. They express their heartfelt thanks.
▼内院霞光Inner yard sunshine ©山兮建筑摄影 陈远祥
▼手工模型Handmade model ©之行建筑事务所
▼总平面图 Master plan ©之行建筑事务所
▼一层平面图First Floor plan ©之行建筑事务所
▼二层平面图Second Floor plan ©之行建筑事务所
▼长剖面图Long section ©之行建筑事务所
Project Name: Orchis House
Design: ZhiXing Architecture Office
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead Architects: Chenkai、Zhou Zi Qiao
Design Team: Wenke、Weiyu
Engineering: Zhao Xiao Lei
Drainage:Hu Si Yu
Project Location: Anhua County，Yiyang County，Hunan，China
Gross Built Area: 458㎡
Chen Yuan Xiang
Materials: Concrete、Stone、Southern Pine、Maple plywood、Terracotta、Steel、Texture coating