Nanjing Niushoushan Cultural Park by HASSELL

cultural treasures

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南京牛首山文化旅游区的开发旨在集中展现和保护牛首山的珍贵文化遗产。这座有着千年历史的佛教圣地上坐落着明朝寺庙、古墓和宫殿、特色村庄和水库。

The Nanjing Niushoushan Cultural Park has been established to collectively exhibit and preserve the cultural treasures of Niushou Mountain – a centuries-old sacred Buddhist site in southern Nanjing containing historic monasteries, pagodas, and relics of the Ming Dynasty.

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HASSELL受邀参加国际设计竞赛,为这座80公顷的旅游公园制定总体规划方案,并以优异的方案设计赢得了公园核心区的深化设计机会,为游客打造一处静谧的欢迎区域,构成目前在建开发项目的一期工程和未来开发的基础。

“牛首山文化旅游区试图寻求现代旅游需求与古代佛教传统的平衡,以禅学精神引领访客获得一场深刻的体验,”HASSELL大中华区董事威安仲Andrew Wilkinson说道。

“我们对基地的许多特质进行了调研,通过设计诠释了佛学文化和理念,呈现精心打造的公园区域,以使访客深刻体会牛首山的生活全貌——其文化、历史景点及壮丽山景。”

“景观元素和功能安排提倡低环境影响型旅游以及与自然和谐相融的生活方式。”他说道。

HASSELL was invited to develop a master plan for the entire 80-hectare tourist park, and later went on to design the landscape, plazas and connections of the central public domain – establishing a serene welcome for visitors, and a sensitive foundation for future development in the area.

The design for Nanjing Niushoushan Cultural Park strives to achieve a dignified balance, between ancient Buddhist traditions and contemporary tourist expectations, in the creation of an immersive landscape experience that is guided by the spirit of Zen, says Andrew Wilkinson, Principal at HASSELL.

“We have researched and interpreted the site’s many special qualities, as well as Buddhist philosophies, to deliver a thoughtfully crafted parkland that will enhance a visitor’s appreciation for life at Niushou Mountain – its culture, historic attractions and breathtaking scenery.”

“The landscape elements and program promote low impact tourism and the value of a lifestyle that’s harmonious with nature,” he said.

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进入公园核心区宁静的广场,游客将在解说性特色钢材元素的引导下穿过一系列的禅意花园,顺次经过一系列空间,钢材元素的设计顺应基地不断变化的地形。象征佛教经文卷轴的耐候钢贯穿了整个景观。耐候钢卷轴的形态之一是广场的“明镜台步道”水上结构,体现牛首山景观的千变万化,让游客在进入广场的第一眼就被深深的吸引住。卷轴随后展开,形成一面高墙,提供游客一个静心体会达摩面壁悟禅的美妙时刻。最后,卷轴沿水流一路往隐龙湖广场攀爬,游客也将迎来花园之旅的最高潮。在景观的最高点,隐龙湖山水景观将一览无遗地映入游客们的眼帘,宁静的环境使其得以放松。

公园的商业设施通过进行布局,保持了基地的完整性,确保其能够按照佛教的教义发挥作用。观景台、散步大道和休憩点将合理置入自然环境中,同时绿植也尽量减少视觉和环境影响,为后代保护这些景观。

牛首山最为精彩的部分将在旅游区的核心花园内展开,包括最新开发的佛顶宫和世界禅学中心将沿着一系列相互联系的景观道路一一呈现,景观道路将优先供骑行和步行者使用。

牛首山文化旅游公园现已对公众开放,旅游区其他部分的开发计划在2015年末完工。

Entering the parklands, visitors are visually guided through a series of ‘Zen’ gardens by an interpretive corten steel ‘scripture scroll’ that flows from one space to the next, adapting to the site’s changing landforms. The scroll contains the water of the ‘bright mirror path’ and later opens out to provide a quiet moment to appreciate Bodhidharma’s ‘wall gazing’ meditation. As the pinnacle of the garden tour, the scroll extends along the water to Yinlong Lake plaza. From this point, tourists can take in panoramic views of the lake and mountains, while relaxing in the tranquil environment.

The tourist park is carefully structured to maintain the site’s integrity, ensuring its ability to function according to Buddhist doctrines. Viewing platforms and rest points are sensitively embedded, and green infrastructure is integrated to minimise visual and environmental impacts and protect the sights for future generations.

Ultimately all of Niushou Mountain’s highlights, including the newly developed Foding Palace and World Zen Centre, will unfold from the park’s entrance gardens along a series of well-connected, landscaped roads and trails that give preference to pedestrians and cyclists.

The public domain of the Nanjing Niushoushan Cultural Park is now open to visitors. The wider parkland development is scheduled for completion in late 2015.

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Project name Nanjing Niushoushan Cultural Park
Location Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Landscape Architect HASSELL
Client Nanjing Niushoushan Culture Tourism Development Co. Ltd
Scale Master Plan 80 ha / Phase 1 Public Domain 17.5 ha
Year Phase 1 completed 2015
Photography Johnson Lin / HASSELL
Site Plan/Visualisations HASSELL

PCL 2719 -MLP Model (1)

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