Little shelters by Daniel Chapman, Mark-Thomas Cordova, Jaime Inostroza, Dylan Kessler, Pablo Moncayo, Natasha Vemulkonda and Pierre Verbruggen (architecture students) + AIXOPLUC (tutor)
七位来自Frank Lloyd Wright建筑学校的年轻学生参加了该校在Taliesin西部地区组织的首个庇护型场所设计项目。通过实地的考察、设计和搭建，他们的批判性思考、观察和创造能力将有所提升。在本项目中，他们需要迅速地在复杂的现场找到最核心的问题，并提出相关的解决方案，以创造宜人的居住环境。
-This was the first shelter studio that was ever organised at Taliesin West. Its goal was to share and make a knowledge and tools that would help the seven young fellows that enrolled the studio to become better architects: improving their critical thinking, observation and transformation skills, ability to make poignant questions and give relevant -built and non-built- proposals to make a particular environment home. To do so, we followed and altered our little maps cartography.
▽ 沙漠中的庇护所，shelter in the desert
And as a practical example, we designed and built a shelter that is part of the desert encampment where Taliesin West learners live. The first three weeks, we worked on a brief exercise in which everyone had to make their own overnight shelter to spend a night in the desert. The only two restrictions were that they could only use materials found on site, and that they had to carry, assemble and disassemble them that same night, leaving no trace. At first everybody looked for an isolated place to camp, but one day, while walking around in the desert looking for resources, we came to a place during sunset that had good conditions to become a campground. We looked at each other and realised that it was better to camp together.
The chosen night, it was very windy and cold. So when we got to the site everyone ran to find a spot protected from the wind. Each one spontaneously helped each other to assemble their shelter. Daniel’s canvas broke, so Pablo gave him a part of his own shelter, and so on. That night, we learnt three things: It’s better to camp together. We can help and learn from each other. Sleeping in the desert is not about designing a fancy shelter, but about not only getting the conditions to survive, but to enjoy a memorable night.
▽ 在地设计与制图, Drawing on the site
▽ 沙漠中的生活, living in desert
From what we learnt in this first exercise, we decided to design and build our shelter collectively. We got a 25 metres paper roll in which we drew the shared ideas during the whole process. We gathered as much data as we could to understand how the school was now, and how could this shelter help it. This process brought to seven design hypothesis. With them in mind we were able to choose a site where we could develop them. We chose the most difficult, ugly and ruined one available. Everyday we went back and forth from the studio to the site to the workshop. Mockups were easily built and checked under the sun.
▽ 环境艰苦的场地，difficult, ugly and ruined site
▽ 设计构思过程，design phase
在这忙碌的12周里，这一简陋但凝聚着集体伟大努力的成果就这样诞生了，这是当地首个有两个共享庇护和聚集空间的场所。在随后的几年里，这里将居住着不同的学生，他们将改造，维修，提升并记录建筑的一切改变，而所有的一切都会被呈现在他们自己的网站－the little maps website上。
The school provided a 2000$ budget. The premise was to use as many on-site resources as possible. However, we gave us the freedom to get standard, cheap materials from regular warehouses.
This humble but great collective effort, following the little maps cartography during twelve intense weeks, led to a first construction of two shared shelters and a gathering space. On following years, these shelters will be inhabited by different learners, who will transform, maintain, improve and document them. All this lifecycle will be presented on the little maps website.
▽ 搭建过程，construction phase
▽ 手稿, Sketching
▽ 总平面图, Master plan
▽ 平面图, Plan
▽ 建筑与道路关系，building and the paved road
▽ 剖面图, Section
▽ 立面图, Elevation
▽ 日照分析, Sunlight analysis
▽ 空间分析, Spatial analysis
▽ 轴测图, Axonometric drawing
▽ 公共空间的设计与建造进程, design and construction process
▽ 建筑日照分析, Sunlight analysis
▽ 局部细节, Structure detail
▽ 环境分析, Environmental analysis
▽ 材料示意图, Material diagram
▽ 结构分析, Structural analysis
▽ 建造进程, Built process
▽ 建筑结构, building construction
Project: Little shelters
Location: Taliesin West, Arizona, USA
Date: January-May 2015