This work is exhibited in the “Eye of the City” section of the 2019 “Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism\Architecture”.
观察、解读人们在城市空间中的运动和流转，对设计师、规划师，以及任何关心城市运作的人都极其重要。1961年，简·雅各布斯(Jane Jacobs)在《美国大城市的死与生》(The Death and Life of Great American Cities)中创造了一个著名概念，来表达这种观察行为的相关特征：雅各布斯认为，作为大都市的“天然所有者”，那些生活在其中、工作在其中、以及长期停留其中的人们成为了“街道之眼”(eyes on the street)，那些集体的、分布的、散落的目光建立起奇妙的秩序，“维护着街道安全和城市自由”。
Observing people’s presence in physical space and deciphering their flows have always been critical actions to designers and planners. It was in 1961 that journalist and urban activist Jane Jacobs, in her seminal book “The Death and Life of Great American Cities”, coined a famous expression to encapsulate a specific significance of this observational activity. According to Jacobs, “the natural proprietors” of a certain part of the metropolis – these may be the people who live or work or just spend a substantial amount of time there – become the “eyes on the street.” Their collective and decentralized gaze becomes the prerequisite to establishing “a marvelous order for maintaining the safety of the streets and the freedom of the city.”
Almost half a century later, we find ourselves at the inception of a new chapter in the relationship between the city and digital technologies, which calls for a reexamination of the old idea of the “eyes on the street.” In the next few years, thanks to the most recent advances in Artificial Intelligence, we are about to reach an unprecedented scenario, the most radical development in the evolution of the Internet-of-Things: architectural space is acquiring the full ability to “see.” Imagine that any room, street or shop in our city can sense you, and autonomously respond to your presence. With the “eyes on the street,” it was people who looked at other people or the city and interpreted its mechanisms. In this new scenario, it will not be just people but also buildings and streets themselves that acquire the ability to observe and react as urban life unfolds in front.
From 2019 Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism\Architecture (Shenzhen), “Eyes of the City” curatorial statement
The information complexity of human civilization has increased exponentially, but the human brain has not. Visual and concrete graphics are still the most efficient form of information received by human brain, which does not need to invoke the functions of logical cognition and rational analysis in human brain. The augmented reality technology puts the virtual graphic information into the relevant real scene, which just caters to the operating characteristics of the human brain and replaces the human brain to complete the spatial reorganization of the information, thereby entering an efficient information transmission channel.
We want to integrate complex professional information into space in form of dynamic graphics，It allows people to see the visualized logical structure and professional discipline achievements, see the covered space, and see the historical and future urban features in the real urban environment. Therefore, people’s understanding about the development, the operation logic and the spatial characteristics of the city are improved.
▼叠影入境，Image In Place ©S.P.A.C.3十
Through AR technology, people have an “eye” for a thorough observation of the city. When the UAV takes this “eye” high into the sky and flies freely, people can transcend their physical smallness and gain a macro perspective that they can control. This is an eye provided by urban civilization for people to observe the city, and urban civilization also provides rich data information and interpreting paradigms for such observation. Therefore, we think that this eye can be called “the eye of the city”. When people have this eye, they can be regarded as god in a sense. Not only can they achieve a transparent state of being fully aware, but they can also form a virtual image of their ideas and designs about the city, and then convey them to others intuitively and transparently through the “eye of the city”. In this way, Communication between people will be more effective than ever.
▼“城市之眼”所人们观察城市所提供的丰富的数据信息与解读范式，the rich data information and interpreting paradigms for observing the city provided by “the eye of the city” ©S.P.A.C.3十
This work is exhibited in the “Eye of the City” section of the 2019 “Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism\Architecture”. In this work, we choose Chongqing Hualongqiao area as our experiment site. After using photogrammetry technology to reconstruct the model of this region, and inviting experts from different areas to provide professional information, we have fused UAV aerial pictures and photogrammetry reconstruction 3d scenes with programming dynamic graphics to generate animation of AR, which combines the special topography with the city status of Chongqing in different historical periods to form a series of dynamic, millennial and in-depth digital analysis.
▼通过增强现实的动画，将化龙桥片区的地形地貌与重庆不同历史时期的城市状态相结合，combining the special topography with the city status of Chongqing in different historical periods by animation of AR ©S.P.A.C.3十
▼重庆年表，the timeline of Chongqing ©S.P.A.C.3十
▼日军对重庆进行战略轰炸，the bombing Chongqing suffered from Japanese troops ©S.P.A.C.3十
▼路况信息，the traffic information ©S.P.A.C.3十
▼城市功能空间分布，the distribution of the programs ©S.P.A.C.3十
▼热力图，heat map ©S.P.A.C.3十
Project Name: Image In Place
Product Firm: S.P.A.C.3-10
Main Creators: Chen Hui, Qiao Liu, Zhong Kai
Collaborators: Chongqing Paramland Landscape Design Co.,Ltd, Chongqing Municipal Research Institute of Design, Yu Sen