Holy Fire Park of Aolezhaoqi Town, Inner Mongolia by Beijing Urban Landscape Research Institute

To inherit the sacrificial fire tradition of Mongolian

Project Specs


感谢 北京城市景观研究院 予gooood分享以下内容。更多关于他们: Beijing Urban Landscape Research Institute on gooood. Appreciations towards Beijing Urban Landscape Research Institute for providing the following description:


The Aolezhaoqi Town is the head place of the Otog Front Banner in the southwest of Inner Mongolia. It is dominated by the Mongolian people and has a strong ethnic customs. With the urbanization process, some herdsmen go to the city to live in the building and enjoy the life of the urban people. However, the ancient national customs rooted in their hearts is unforgettable, that is the sacrificial fire culture. The Mongolian people have worshipped the fire for long-standing. They believe that the fire symbolizes purity as the embodiment of the gods. The fire is the protection god of the nation, the tribe and the family. It can give people happiness, wealth and protect the family have a flourishing population.  Therefore, stoves, braziers, and bonfires in the Mongolianyurts and houses and are considered to be worshipped as god of fire. To further inherit, promote and protect the intangible cultural heritage of outstanding nationalities, the Otog Front Banner Committee and the government entrusted with us to design the Holy Flame Culture Park and held the first public and folk sacrifice fire activities in 2012. Since then, annual public and folk sacrifices were held on schedule which greatly promoted the Mongolian culture.

▼圣火公园鸟瞰,aerial view





▼传统祭祀圣火活动, the traditional celebration of the holy fire

▼圣火公园的祭祀, the celebration in the Holy Fire Park

On February 12, 2015, the 24th day twelfth month of Lunar Horse Year of the Han Dynasty, the largest Mongolian sacrifice fire ceremony was held in Inner Mongolia, created the largest scale of folk sacrifice fire, gained the recognition of the Guinness headquarters in Shanghai and wined the Guinness Certificate. The largest fire sacrifice pot in the ceremony was 11 meters in diameter, 333 sheep thoracic wishbones, 27 fire shelves, 99 Yijinsang readers, and 99 White conch.

The fire of the holy fire altar is collected from the holy light ( eternal Lantern) in the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan. The never-extinguishing Mengkezhula of Genghis Khan’s Mausoleum is a symbol of incense, a happy yearning and auspicious blessing and it has lasted for more than 800 years. The Mengkezhula fire was taken in the Harihateng temple (big temple) of the Eqian Banner with the Genghis Khan sacrifice activities. After that, the fire was lighted from the Hari hateng Temple.

The annual welcoming ceremony of the sacred fire is organized by the Folk Sacrifice Cultural Association and set off to get fire in front of the Lumatai of the Holy Fire Culture Park Square. The team that take the fire come to the base of Lumatai after they worship heaven and ancestors sacrifice, they take the items and gifts and set off to the Harihateng Temple for fire under the escort of the farewell team and the horse team. After the fire team take the fire, escort the fire to the Holy Fire Park and enter the Holy Fire Park Sacrifice Activity at the welcome of the team. The fire greet man first to worship the Luma Fengqi flag and ignites the torch from the fire box, and goes to the fire station to hand the torch to the ignition people. The ignition people (the highly respected person) boards the main brazier platform to ignite the main brazier and the torch of each town. In the process of reading the rituals, the torchbearers respectively ignite 27 fire-supporting ceremonies around the ring of fire, and begin public sacrifices and folk ritual activities. According to the traditional ritual procedure, the sacrifices are held to the ceremonial fire, and the sacrifices, the rituals of the rituals (the sacred words), the sacrifices of the Sirijimu, the sacred words, and the “Galinbuda” (the sacred food) are used.

It is a profound connotation for the celebration of the holy fire in the Holy Fire Park of Aolezhaoqi Town. It is the wish for the prosperity and development of the grassland culture of all ethnic people in Otog Front Banner, the prayer for a better future of the people of all nationalities and the protection, inheritance and promotion of specific expression of national traditional culture.

▼石制拓印,The stone rubbing


设计说明 | Design introduction


It covers 57 hectares land of the Holy Fire Park of Aolezhaoqi Town. It is designed with the traditional customs of Mongolian fire sacrifice traditional custom and is an important place to display the traditional culture of the nation. The plane layout of the overall park is a gourd-shaped, open side up, metaphorical Mongolian happiness culture. The north center is the Holy Fire Sacrifice Square, and the south center is the lake waters cape. The Yin and Yang that is the metaphor of the Yin and Yang generates of the world. The northern fire square is a circular composition symbolizing the sun that is the eternal god longevity of Mongolian .



The composition consists of sun and moon, the center of the holy fire podium is sun and the southern curved landscape is moon which implies that everything in the universe is eternal and the origin of Yin and Yang. The north entrance is wedge-shaped and the guided insert from the north to the south. The stone rubbing Holy Flame Park of Aolezhaoqi Town point out the theme of the park. On the way, the two sides of the road are nine high-profile holy lights, accompanied by the Mongolian decorative pattern green fence of the two sides, entering the center holy fire stage, open the entire fire ceremony. The holy fire stage is divided into four entrances as east, west, north and south which are three sets of steps and each with nine levels. Stepping into the center holy brazier also is the core part of the ceremony.

▼入口道路两侧伫立着九座“圣火灯”,nine high-profile holy lights stand along the entry way


The holy fire stage is surrounded by a Mongolian-style porch in the north, and is surrounded by a crescent-shaped gentle slope that gradually slopes in the south to form a solemn sacred fire place.

▼圣火台,the holy fire stage


The southern part is dominated by lake views, easy and natural, combines large areas of sparse forest lawns and undulating terrain to form a stretched and varied lakeside leisure landscape with plants suitable for growing in the north forms contrast with a solemn fire scene in the northern part. Surrounded by free and relaxing walkway and with various activities facilities to provide a relaxing place for the general public.

▼南部湖景,the holy fire stage faces the lake to the south


项目设计 & 完成年份:2011年&2012年

More: 北京城市景观研究院。更多关于他们: Beijing Urban Landscape Research Institute on gooood

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