Harvard Art Museums Renovation and Expansion / Renzo Piano Building Workshop

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伦佐·皮亚诺建筑工作室设计的哈佛艺术博物馆改扩建项目在2014年底完工。扩建工程持续六年之久,耗资3.5亿美元,总面积20.4万平方英尺,首次将三座博物馆聚集在一个屋檐下,并新建有带文化艺术研究中心的展区,一个特展画廊和三个小型大学画廊。这座堪称世界上最伟大和最有影响力之一的大学艺术博物馆将继续为哈佛莘莘学子,深耕的教职员工以及公众带来服务与启发。

哈佛艺术博物馆是一座隶属于哈佛大学的艺术博物馆,由三座博物馆及四座研究中心所组成,其中三座博物馆为:福格艺术博物馆(建立于1895年)、莱辛格博物馆(建立于1903年)及萨克勒博物馆(建立于1985年);另四座研究中心为:萨第斯考古勘探研究中心(成立于1958)、现代艺术技术研究中心(成立于2002年)、哈佛艺术博物馆档案库及斯特劳斯保护技术研究中心(成立于1928年)。

The Harvard Art Museums—comprising the Fogg Museum, the Busch-Reisinger Museum, and the Arthur M. Sackler Museum—open their new Renzo Piano Building Workshop–designed facility to the public on November 16, 2014. The renovation and expansion of the museums’ landmark building at 32 Quincy Street in Cambridge brings the three museums and their collections together under one roof for the first time, inviting students, faculty, scholars, and the public into one of the world’s great institutions for arts scholarship and research. In the Harvard Art Museums’ new home, visitors are able to explore new research connected to the objects on display and the ideas they generate in the galleries; gain a glimpse of leading conservators at work; and in the unique Art Study Center, have hands-on experiences with a wide range of objects from the collections.

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哈佛大学校长德鲁·吉尔平福斯特提到他们热切期待这座博物馆的开放,而伦佐·皮亚诺建筑工作室的设计优雅的将美丽的建筑与艺术结合,并影响感染其中的人。新建筑当之无愧是大学中无以伦比的魁宝。

“We are eagerly anticipating the opening of the new Harvard Art Museums facility,” said Harvard President Drew Gilpin Faust. “Renzo Piano has designed a building that is as beautiful as the works of art it will house and as thoughtful as the people who will work and learn within it. It will expand the ways in which we use art and art-making as part of the curriculum, and it will invite our neighbors and visitors to enjoy some of the university’s unparalleled treasures.”

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新建筑通透、明亮、文雅,为研究、教学、展览、保护创造了新资源。恢复首先从修复考尔德伍德庭院内的交通枢纽开始,往上延伸至三层上的玻璃拱廊。为博物馆打造了一个全新的,可以让自然光慷慨进入的玻璃中庭屋顶。参观者无论从哪个入口进入,都能轻松的拜访6层中各层的公共空间–美术馆,艺术研究中心,报告厅等等,并能欣赏到窗外美景。此外建筑一楼包含商店和咖啡馆,同时画廊向公众免费开放。

The design for the new Harvard Art Museums creates new resources for study, teaching, exhibition, and conservation. The facility’s center, within the restored Calderwood Courtyard, is a hub of activity and circulation. Mirroring an Italian piazza, or city square, the Calderwood Courtyard has been extended upward with glass arcades on the upper three floors and a new glass roof that allows controlled natural light into the heart of the building. Visitors can pass through the museums’ ground-floor public spaces, entering from either a new Prescott Street entrance or the original Quincy Street entrance, and can easily navigate the six levels of public space including galleries, the Art Study Center, classrooms and lecture halls, and a top floor offering views both into the heart of the facility and outside to Cambridge and Harvard Yard. The first floor of the building, including a shop and cafe, is open to the public without the purchase of admission to the galleries.

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博物馆内藏有来自欧洲、北美洲、北非、中东、南亚、东亚及东南亚等等各地区从古至今的藏品约25万件,具有重要的国际意义。它的馆藏品汇集了几代人的慷慨捐助,绝大部分捐助者是哈佛大学校友,通过百余年的努力,哈佛教职员工利用这些丰富的资源深入教学和研究,创造了哈佛大学的博物馆文化。福格博物馆于1895年以威廉海斯•福格的遗赠筹建,主要藏品为西方绘画、雕刻、素描、印刷品和照片。当时的哈佛美术系系主任埃德加•费布斯和美术系教授保尔•萨克斯期望福格艺术博物馆能像一间美术试验室,用高水平的艺术珍品来教学。许多馆藏项目专用于美术史学院的教研,使大学生直接接受人类文化艺术精华的熏陶。莱辛格博物馆以“德国博物馆”为名而于1903年成立,主要藏品为德语国家的艺术,包含素描、照片及印刷品,并收藏文艺复兴、巴洛克时期艺术品,同时展示中欧、北欧文化艺术。萨克勒博物馆建于1985年,以该馆的当时最大捐赠人萨克勒为名,主要收藏古代亚洲、伊斯兰教和印度教的艺术品,如中国古代青铜器、玉器、陶瓷、古代绘画和佛教雕刻及北朝鲜陶瓷、日本浮世绘、印度绘画、阿拉伯书法、波斯地毯、希腊和罗马古青铜器、石雕等。

The Harvard Art Museums have internationally renowned collections, which are among the largest art museum collections in the United States. Together, the collections of the Fogg Museum, the Busch-Reisinger Museum, and the Arthur M. Sackler Museum consist of approximately 250,000 objects from the ancient world to the present and across all media, including objects from the Americas, Europe, North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Asia. The Fogg Museum’s collection is known for its extensive holdings of European and American art. Strengths include Italian early Renaissance, 17th-century Dutch, and 19th-century French and British art, including one of America’s premier collections of works by the Pre-Raphaelites in addition to the celebrated Maurice Wertheim collection of impressionist and postimpressionist paintings. The museum also owns a significant group of 19th- and 20th-century American paintings and works on paper, as well as important holdings of modern and contemporary sculpture and works in new media. The Busch-Reisinger Museum, the only museum of its kind in North America, is devoted solely to the art of central and northern Europe, with a particular emphasis on art from German-speaking countries. The Busch-Reisinger collection holds significant works of late medieval sculpture and allows for in-depth study of art after 1880, especially German expressionism, 1920s abstraction, and the Bauhaus, as well as contemporary developments in all media. The Arthur M. Sackler Museum has one of the most significant collections of Asian art in the West, with substantial holdings of archaic Chinese jades, ancient bronzes, Buddhist sculpture, ceramics, Japanese works on paper, and Korean art. It also includes important collections of Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Near Eastern Art, a major numismatic collection, and paintings, ceramics, and extraordinary works on paper from Islamic lands and India.

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新设施包含一个面积广阔的艺术研究中心和展览空间,这里具有多样灵活的环境让师生进行交流对话。工程增加了40%的展览空间,新增面积43000平方英尺。此外还有5000平方英尺的特别展厅和三个1000平方英尺的大学画廊。

哈佛校方认为设计重新定义了艺术设施与教学以及学习的关系,创造了一种全新的试验空间实现教学任务,开展研究和专业培训。并加强了波士顿和剑桥之间的文化生态系统。艺术中心面积5000英雌,位于心建筑的4楼,包含两间会议室。

此外建筑除去一个有300个座位的剧院,还有多个教室、小书房与文物保藏中心。空间高阔的画廊用于容纳超大型的当代艺术作品,还有一块为数字作品预留的展示空间。在新建筑体内,观众可以进行与展品相关的新研究,探讨身在博物馆内产生的新观念,瞥见工作中的修复人员,访问独一无二的艺术研究中心,并享有观看丰富藏品的第一手经验。

The facility provides new and versatile platforms for accessing the collections: an expansive Art Study Center, expanded special exhibition space, and the University Galleries, programmed in consultation with faculty to support specific coursework or in partnership with other Harvard museums. The new exhibition galleries are designed to create places for close engagement with individual works of art—for both the Harvard University community and the general public. Diverse, flexible spaces enable curators, students, and faculty to use the collections in ways that foster more dialogue and invite juxtapositions between objects from different cultures, time periods, and media. The renovation and expansion project has increased gallery space by 40 percent, for a total of approximately 43,000 square feet. The vast majority of this space is devoted to the reinstallation of the museums’ permanent collections. A new 5,000-square-foot Special Exhibitions Gallery and three 1,000-square-foot University Galleries are also included.

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“We knew that we had an opportunity to redefine the Harvard Art Museums as an accessible and connected 21st-century facility for teaching and learning, so we engaged Renzo Piano Building Workshop to design a building to implement that vision,” said Thomas W. Lentz, Elizabeth and John Moors Cabot Director of the Harvard Art Museums. “We asked him to design it from the inside out—to create a new kind of laboratory for the fine arts that would support our mission of teaching across disciplines, conducting research, and training museum professionals. We also wanted to strengthen the museums’ role as an integral part of Cambridge and Boston’s cultural ecosystem. We look forward to welcoming students, faculty, and staff at Harvard, our Cambridge friends and neighbors, the entire Greater Boston community, and travelers from afar into our new home.”

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The Art Study Center as a whole (including two seminar rooms and large reception and orientation areas) totals approximately 5,000 square feet and inhabits the fourth floor of the new facility, making it unique in size among U.S. museums.

About the Renovation and Expansion
Renzo Piano Building Workshop’s design sensitively preserves the original 1927 Fogg Museum building, including its historic facade on Quincy Street and the iconic interior Calderwood Courtyard. A new addition was constructed along Prescott Street, and a new glass roof allows controlled natural light to filter into the museums’ conservation labs and the Art Study Center, as well as into the central courtyard below. The renovation and expansion was designed to minimize impact on the historic structure; to add a new, distinct architectural expression; and to create a dialogue with the residential neighborhood and the adjacent Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, the only building in North America designed by architect Le Corbusier. The project is designed to follow Harvard University’s sustainability initiatives, with the intention of attaining LEED Gold certification. The renovation and expansion will increase the Harvard Art Museums’ gallery space by more than 40 percent; the addition of 12,000 square feet brings the total exhibition space to 43,000 square feet. wHY has worked with curators and senior leaders of the Harvard Art Museums on the design for the inaugural installation of the permanent collections galleries, as well as on plans for how these spaces can be reconfigured or changed over time as works of art are rotated. Payette Associates is the Architect of Record and local design partner, and Skanska USA served as construction manager of the project. Key elements of the expansion and renovation include:

–  Art Study Center: A central feature of the new facility, the Art Study Center provides distinct areas for study and research, offering students, faculty, and the public purpose-built environments for learning through the close examination of original works of art from the collections of the Fogg, Busch-Reisinger, and Arthur M. Sackler Museums.

–  Calderwood Courtyard: The historic heart of the original Fogg Museum, the courtyard has been restored as the central point of circulation in the museums’ new home. It is open to the public without purchase of admission to the galleries. The renovation and expansion project preserves both the design of the historic courtyard and its function as the center of activity and circulation. The design opens up all of the courtyard’s first-floor arcades, allowing visitors to move freely through the new facility, from galleries in the original Fogg Museum structure to the Busch-Reisinger Museum and Arthur M. Sackler Museum galleries in the new addition. The revitalized courtyard also offers interior views through the five upper levels of the facility.

–  Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies: The Harvard Art Museums are home to the first fine arts conservation, research, and training facility established in the United States. Visitors can gain a glimpse of the conservation and research activity under way in the glass-walled Straus Center, located on the building’s uppermost levels.

–  New Exhibition Galleries: Expanded permanent collections and special exhibition galleries will be complemented by University Galleries, programmed in consultation with faculty to support specific coursework. These University Galleries, which are open to the public, can also be used for curatorial studies and training or to provide additional space to support the Art Study Center.

–  Lightbox Gallery: This new gallery space on the top level of the Harvard Art Museums showcases the intersections of art and technology. The Lightbox Gallery also offers a unique perspective on key spaces and functions, from oblique views into conservation labs, to close-up perspectives on the technical aspects of the glass roof, including its louvers and shades, to a bird’s-eye view down through the building into the historic Calderwood Courtyard.

–  Lecture Halls and Seminar Rooms: There is a 300-seat lecture hall for presentations, performances, and events on the new lower level. This and other lecture and classroom spaces are activated by Harvard faculty and students as well as through public programs and events.

–  Materials Lab: Located on the lower level, this space is dedicated to exploring material ingenuity and innovations in art media. The hands-on, active learning experiences conducted are based on works of art on view in the galleries and in the Art Study Center on the floors above.

–  Museum Shop and Cafe: The shop and cafe, designed by leading interior designers Charles Sparks + Company, are located off the Calderwood Courtyard on the first floor as part of a new open circulation path through the building. Visitors enter the new facility from either the original entrance on Quincy Street or the new entrance on Prescott Street, both leading to the courtyard, shop, and cafe. Visitors have access to these spaces without purchase of admission to the galleries.

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Architects: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Payette
Location: Harvard University, 32 Quincy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Design Team: M.Carroll and E.Trezzani (partners in charge) with J.Lee, E.Baglietto (partner), S.Ishida (partner), R.Aeck, F.Becchi, A.Stern, B.Cook, M.Orlandi, J.Pejkovic and J.Cook, M.Fleming, J.M.Palacios, S. Joubert; M. Ottonello (CAD operator); F.Cappellini, F.Terranova, I.Corsaro (models)
Area: 204000.0 ft2
Project Year: 2014
Photographs: Nic Lehoux, Michel Denancé, Aerial by Lesvants.com
© Nic Lehoux © Michel Denancé © Nic Lehoux © Aerial by Lesvants.com
Structure: Robert Silman Associates
Mep Engineering, Lighting Design, Facade Engineering, Code Consulting, Leed Consulting: Arup
Civil Engineering: Nitsch Engineering
Wood Scientist: Anthony Associates
Cost Consultant: Davis Langdon
Acoustics: Sandy Brown Associates
Arborist: Carl Cathcart
Restoration Consultant: Building Conservation Associates
Client: Harvard Art Museums

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