This is a two-storey family apartment in Vilnius Old Town, Užupis. The inevitability of the inherited structural wall and the associative arched image of the colosseum became the ideological axis of the project. It was decided to highlight it and build a house around a stone wall separating the house into public and enclosed spaces. Timeless materials and shapes were used to create an equivalent counterweight to the main element, the stone wall.
▼项目概览，general view © Darius Petrulaitis
The main inspiration was in the challenge – a huge structural wall in the middle of the space that limited our actions and divided the space into small rooms. We knew that if we solved the wall issue properly, the project would be a success.
▼概念示意，design concept © 2XJ
The inherited structural wall in the middle of the space and the associative openings in it became the axis of project concept. Main living area with open plan kitchen, living, dining spaces, home office, and second area – is a children’s recreation with bedrooms and bath. Stone wall and built in storage along the hallway is a dividing line between two zones. From the main living space there is a possibility to access a large terrace with a view of Vilnius baroque churches (unfortunately not recorded in the photos). Structural wall became a symbol and a link between the old town and apartment.
▼既有的结构墙和墙上的开口成为整个项目的入手点 © Darius Petrulaitis
The inherited structural wall in the middle of the space and the associative openings in it became the axis of project concept
▼楼梯细节，staircase © Darius Petrulaitis
The main motif is the arch. It became a main turning point in the project, a particularly striking motif and a sign for uniqueness. The associativity of the arch became the main idea – like a fragment of the colosseum. The arch motif was repeated in the smaller elements as well – e.g. specially designed handles, a specially designed dining table, curved form is also found in other furniture.
the arch as the main motif of the project © Darius Petrulaitis
▼拱形元素延伸至门把手等细节部位 © Darius Petrulaitis
the arch motif was repeated in the smaller elements such as the handles
Another important element is materials. Natural travertine stone was used to reinforce the concept, and its role in this project is very pronounced and successful. Other solutions seek not to interfere with a key element – the wall. The aim was to keep the idea clean and to highlight the concept of the wall, for that reason other competitive materials were abandoned. The dominant white color was chosen naturally due to the complexity of the space and the number of elements.
▼材料细节，material details © Darius Petrulaitis
▼厨房，kitchen © Darius Petrulaitis
Function and a small space had the greatest influence on the configuration and construction of the stairs. The stairs are divided into two parts – monumental and light. The monumental part has a connection with other objects – a dining table, console, etc. Upper stairs part was designed to elevate lightness and to save space. All of these elements create a link with the main stone wall. They are like a part of a stone wall narrative.
▼楼梯细节，staircase detailed view © Darius Petrulaitis
▼阁楼层，the attic © Darius Petrulaitis
▼卧室，bedroom © Darius Petrulaitis
▼浴室，bathroom © Darius Petrulaitis
▼剖面透视，sectional perspective © 2XJ
▼轴测分解图，axon exploded © 2XJ
▼一层平面图，first floor plan © 2XJ
▼二层平面图，second floor plan © 2XJ
Authors: 2XJ architects
Team: Jokūbas Jurgelis, Martina Kriaučiūnienė, Jūratė Volkavičiūtė
Location: Vilnius, Lithuania
Photography by Darius Petrulaitis