UNStudio赢得瑞典哥德堡缆车设计方案竞赛

为整座城市提供快速而高效的空中交通

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UNStudio近日赢得了哥德堡缆车的设计方案竞赛。参赛的竞争者包括BIG, WilkensonEyre,White Arkitekter以及Diller和Scofidio+Renfro等。新的缆车系统将涵盖一条包含4个车站及6座索道塔的路线。该项目预计2021年建成,届时将为哥德堡建市400周年添上光彩的一笔。缆车系统将为整座城市提供快速而高效的空中交通,这也是瑞典自1930年代开通地铁之后首次引进全新的公共交通模式。

UNStudio’s design has been selected as the winning entry in the competition for the Gothenburg cable car. Proposals were also submitted by BIG, WilkensonEyre and White Arkitekter with Diller, Scofidio+Renfro. The new cable car system will comprise one cable car line with four stations and six towers and is one of a number of projects undertaken by the City of Gothenburg to mark its 400th anniversary in 2021. The cable car system, which will provide fast and efficient aerial transport across the city, will be the first new mode of public transportation in Sweden since the subway was introduced in Stockholm in the 1930s.

▼新的缆车系统将涵盖一条包含4个车站及6座索道塔的路线,the new cable car system will comprise one cable car line with four stations and six towers

悬于河流上空的缆车线路将为哥德堡的市民提供新的出行选择,在缩短路程的同时还能有效地减少对环境的影响,届时位于河流北部的地区将直接与南部的旧城区形成连接。Ben van Berkel说:“缆车系统不仅能够满足可持续交通的需要,使不断扩大的城市彼此相连,还能够避开地面交通的拥堵,以最短的路线保证居民和游客出行的便捷性、高效性和可靠性。除了基本的实用功能之外,它还使人们能够以全新的方式来体验城市的风景。” 总长为3公里的缆车线路以南岸历史城区的Järntorget为开端,与公交站和电车枢纽相连,随后跨越河流向城市北部延伸,途经余下的三个站点。

For the people and the City of Gothenburg the cable car will provide an alternative form of public transport by way of aerial shortcuts across the RiverCity. Travel times will be significantly reduced with minimum environmental impact, while an efficient and direct connection will be established between areas north of the river and the old city to the south. Ben van Berkel: “A cable car system can not only provide much needed sustainable transport between otherwise disconnected parts of our growing cities, but by travelling ‘as the crow flies’ and bypassing traffic congestion on the ground, it can ensure extremely fast, reliable and efficient travel for both residents and visitors alike. Although primarily a pragmatic solution, cable cars are also a very congenial way to travel as they enable us to see and experience our cities in a whole new way.”  The 3km long Gothenburg cable car line starts at Järntorget in the historic city on the south bank of the river, where it links to a bus and tram transfer node. It then crosses the river and continues to three further stations in the north of the city.

▼缆车线路与公交站和电车枢纽相连,the 3km long Gothenburg cable car line links to a bus and tram transfer node

 

索道塔 | TOWERS

6座索道塔的设计以哥德堡当地的船厂起重机为参照,如雕塑般矗立在景观之间,定义出全新的城市天际线,同时具有象征性地连接了城市的历史与未来。Ben van Berkel说:“索道塔的设计参考了船厂起重机的不规则外形,以及它们作业时的移动方式。设计的目标在于体现出哥德堡的工业历史,同时反映出这座城市的广阔未来。”

Inspired by and referencing the steady motion of Gothenburg’s famous shipyard cranes, the six towers will continue across the landscape as sculptures, defining a new city skyline and symbolically connecting the history of the RiverCity with its future. Ben van Berkel: “The design of the Gothenburg cable car references the asymmetrical shapes of the shipyard cranes and their movements as they carry their loads throughout the day. The aim of the design is to reflect the robustness of this industrialised city’s past, whilst alluding to its expansive future. Although the towers are pieces of high engineering, they are also very sculptural, slender and transparent within the urban landscape.”

▼索道塔定义出全新的城市天际线,the six towers will continue across the landscape as sculptures, defining a new city skyline

索道塔新颖的结构能够轻松地融入多变的城市地面层。轻盈而开放的结构形态为塔底的人行道、街道和绿化区留出了空间,使人们通行自如,同时避免形成昏暗逼仄的空间和阴影,并帮助塔底区域维持适宜的风速。最高的一座索道塔位于Lindholmen码头,作为凌驾于河流上方的城市平台,它将为城市带来全新的集会地点。

The innovative structural concept of the towers enables them to be positioned and adapted to blend into the various urban situations at ground level. This light and open structural solution also facilitates urban paths, streets and green spaces to pass through the base of towers, thereby avoiding the creation of dark, socially unsafe conditions. The open tower structure will also avoid the casting of heavy shadows and will ensure a pleasant wind climate at the towers’ base. The highest tower at the Lindholmen quay could also become a city balcony located on the water: a new urban focal point that makes the water accessible and provides a new destination for social gathering.

▼索道塔几何结构示意,tower geometry system

▼65m索道塔立面图,65m tower elevation

▼100m索道塔立面图,100m tower elevation

 

信号灯 | BEACONS

夜晚,分布在横梁内部表面的聚光灯将点亮所有的索道塔。结构部件缝隙中的灯光将创造出细而锐的直线,使索道塔的轮廓得以突显。白天的灯光以色温不断变化的白色调为主。亮度传感器将根据周围光线条件的变化调节至最佳的光照水平。

At night the illumination of the towers is achieved by spotlights that line the inside of the tower beam surface. Light cutting through a gap between structural components creates a thin, sharp line which subtly emphasises the silhouette at night. A daytime scheme of white tones ranging from cold to warm will also be applied. Colour and brightness sensors will track the ambient light condition in order to adjust the illumination to an optimal level. 

▼夜景,night view

 

车站 | STATIONS

车站的设计不仅遵循了路线明确且安全的原则,同时还具备了明显且易于辨认的特征,其多面的屋顶与索道塔共同形成一道显眼的、充满绿色的风景线。

The stations are not only designed around principles of natural wayfinding and social safety, but also with a strong identity in mind that will make them clearly recognisable as destination points within the city. In their formal representation, with their faceted roofs, a family is formed with the tower structures to create a strong line-long, green link identity.

▼车站流线示意图,intermediate station accessibility

车站的屋顶和墙壁皆覆盖以木制饰面,以温暖的气氛将人们引向上方的站台区域。“悬浮”的屋顶结构使人们能够不受阻碍地享受到城市以及站台的视野。自承重的屋顶结构内部设有宽阔的天窗,使大量的自然光倾泻至站台纵向交通路线皆经过精心布局,在带来最短路径的同时满足不同速度的行走需求。车站的基础形态迎合了不同的城市场景。在中间的站台,建筑师围绕中心区域设计了一个铰接系统,使缆车线能够适应方向的变化需要。

The geometric ceilings, along with the walls, both clad in wood, bring a warm glow to the stations and guide people up towards the platform level. Here the ‘floating’ roof structures enable unobstructed panoramic views to the surrounding city and the arrival and departure platform. Within the self-supporting roof structure, large skylights flood the platform with daylight, while all vertical transportation routes are carefully positioned to allow for the shortest routes and different speeds of travel. In their basic geometry the stations are designed to be adaptive to different urban conditions. For the intermediate-stations, a conceptual hinging mechanism around the station’s ‘centre point’ enables their main geometry to ‘kink’ in different required directions.

▼车站立面图,intermediate station elevation

▼车站纵剖面图,intermediate longitudinal section

 

可持续的城市交通系统 | SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORATION

索道塔和车站的设计均遵循了严格的可持续原则,融合了被动式的系统、动态的技术以及社会的可持续性。索道塔由预制的离心钢纤维混凝土打造,有着节省用料和便于维护的性能优势。缩短的建造时间更有效地减少了对环境的干扰。通过与屋顶结构相结合的PVT板,车站实现了能源的自给自足,能够同时满足照明的用电需求以及地面制暖和楼梯制暖的热能需求。巨大的天窗带来了充足的采光,减少了能源的需求量,人工照明也采用了低能耗的系统。各种灯具隐藏在木制饰面的墙壁和天花板背后,为室内空间带来柔和的漫射光,同时保证了行人的安全、视觉的舒适以及行动的便捷。

The designs of both the towers and the stations follow strong sustainable principles, incorporating passive measures, active technology and most importantly, social sustainability. The towers are made from prefabricated fibre reinforced spun concrete and have a low material use and minimal maintenance requirements. The short construction time will also greatly minimise environmental impact. Energy is generated by the stations themselves by way of PVT panels (Photovoltaic thermal hybrid solar collectors) which are integrated within the roof structures to provide both electrical energy for lighting and thermal energy to heat floors and stairs. Energy use is limited by the incorporation of large skylights that flood daylight into the stations and artificial lighting that uses low energy systems. Lighting fixtures are hidden behind the wood clad walls and ceilings and provide a gentle wash of light over the interior surfaces. The resulting glare-free, indirect light, produces optimal conditions for safety, visual comfort and efficiency. 

▼车站结构示意图,station structural concept

车站的底座部分包覆着一层苔藓植物,能够有效清除空气中的粉尘、二氧化氮和臭氧气体,从而减缓城市的热岛效应。吸声材料降低了交通噪音。经过精心设计的景观环境结合了座椅、休闲区等设施,共同促进了社区层面的融合。

The large structural elements underneath the stations are intended to be clad with an innovative moss culture cladding which removes fine dust, nitrogen dioxide and ozone gases from the air and reduces the urban heat island effect by way of evaporation. Noise absorbing qualities also reduce traffic noise. Carefully designed surroundings for the stations, with public seating and leisure zones, will allow for social integration on a neighbourhood level. Kjellgren Kaminsky are the local architects for the project, while Knippers Helbig are the structure and engineering advisors. Licht&Soehne advised on the lighting design.

▼车站首层平面图,intermediate station ground floor plan

Gothenburg Cable Car, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2017

Client: The City of Gothenburg – Traffic and Public Transport Authority (TRAFIKKONTORET)
in collaboration with:
The City Planning Authority (Stadsbyggnadskontoret)
Västtrafik AB , The Architects Sweden
Location: Gothenburg, Sweden: terminal station and tower at Järntorget, towers and intermediate station in the area of Lindholmen, towers and intermediate station in the area of Västra Ramberget, tower and terminal station in the area of Wieselgrensplatsen
Programme: cable car facilities, integrated into public transport system consisting of 4 stations (2 terminal, 2 intermediate) and 6 towers (height varying) 
Length: cable car line ~3km in length
Status: Winning competition entry
Credits
UNStudio: Ben van Berkel with Arjan Dingsté and Juergen Heinzel, Ayax Abreu Garcia, Xinyu Wang

Local Architect: Kjellgren Kaminsky Architecture AB
Advisors:
Structure & Engineering: Knippers Helbig
Lighting Design: Licht&Soehne

Visualisations (CGI): Plompmozes


More:UNStudio。更多关于他们 UNStudio on gooood



发表评论

6 评论

  1. 直接和高层建筑结合不是更好,城市空中一日游

  2. 对面好像是som的超高层?

  3. 期待建成的效果,会给城市交通带来什么革命性启发呢

  4. Profile photo of Clx

    不知道在保证使用者能安全上下的前提下,这个系统的最快时速能做到多少?运载能力到底能如何? 这个设想要成为“快速而高效的空中交通”估计还有很长的路要走…

  5. 索道塔制造起伏的天际线,会不会给城市景观带来一条干扰的线?

  6. Profile Photo

    恭喜恭喜,缆车塔很有雕塑感

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