The London based office AUDB has just completed a university classroom building in Izmir Turkey as a part of their on going commitment to research and development projects in the region. The academic sector in Turkey is a fast growing field focused on innovation and quality. Over the last decade Turkey has put a large emphasis on higher education with university student growth of 121% between 2012 and 2014 in line with the BRIC countries. Reaching 5.5 million in 2014. This growth in higher education is also having a positive affect on the quality of education with a sustained increase in world ranking. The key to this growth has been the private Foundation Universities that have been established over the last 30 years.
The City of Izmir lies on the Aegean Coast of Turkey at the bottom of the Bay of Izmir. The 3rd largest city of Turkey, Izmir has a grand and dramatic history. The city was called Smyrna until the founding of the Turkish republic in 1923 when the name was changed to Izmir. Smyrna was the birthplace of Homer and is mentioned in the Bible. Before the First World War Smyrna was a multi cultural city and arguably one of the most Cosmopolitan metropolitan areas in the world. A mixture of Greek, Armenian, European and Turkish, peppered with traders and immigrants from the Balkans, Caucasus, Arabia and Africa. In 1922 the city was devastated by fire at the end of the Greco-Turkish War. After the war the city was rebuilt according to Modernist principles.
▽ 建筑、校园与城市，building、campus and the city
Izmir University of Economics was established as a foundation university in 2003 by the Izmir Chamber of Commerce. It has 7500 students in a single campus in the Balcova district, with plans to expand to a new campus starting in 2016.
The design of the new Foreign Language Building at Izmir University of Economics offered a variety of challenges to the Architects. The first one being the amount of functions needed for a limited allocated space. The Balcova Campus is a densely built campus with 7 Faculties and the new building would fill the allowable built space to full capacity.
▽ 从校门口看建筑，view form the campus entrance
▽ 从现状教学楼看建筑，view from another classroom building
The main function of the building is a classroom building, with additional support functions such as offices, common- and social spaces. Classroom buildings are very strict archetypes that are challenging to any variation of spatial or organizational manipulation. Normally this is a plan consisting of a corridor with classrooms on either side.
▽ 建筑沿街立面，street façade
The brief for the building was developed with the client with the aim to provide facilities for the most advanced contemporary technologies with flexible and paperless offices and classrooms. This lead to a research into the optimal spatial geometry to allow for both the use of digital technology variety of seating plans. The design of the interior kept an existing stripped back design specifications in place in the existing buildings on site, in order to seamlessly link the new internal spaces to the existing.
The concept for the building is closely related to the historical evolution, relation and learning of languages;
Convergence and connections. The functions are split into two main groups; the classrooms and the support spaces. On the ground floor these two functions are organized as directional spaces that cross over and converge at the vertical circulation location. The classroom requirements are significantly more than support spaces. These aim to merge at the top of the building as a traditional corridor/classroom archetype. This reinforces the idea of conversion in the building section, as the plan morphs from one to the other.
▽ 地面层空间使用前，ground floor
▽ 地面层空间使用中，ground floor cafeteria
The building is at a level junction between upper and lower levels of the university site. The convergent/connection concept is used to connect various different levels of the site as well as upper and lower buildings.
▽ 倾斜的场地，slope outside the building
Each floor of the building is identified with it’s own colour. These are related to the flags of the various countries which language is taught at the University as the second foreign language after Turkish and English.
▽ 多彩的平面，colors for each floor
▽ 每一层的主题色在交通空间汇聚重叠，让交通空间如彩虹般多彩，different theme colors converge at the staircase
The building provides flexible paperless work-spaces for the teachers in open office environments. The office environment for a population of 100 teachers provides multiple ways and opportunities for working styles, giving teachers ways of working when and how they prefer.
▽ 开放的工作环境，open office environments
Tectonically the building tries to avoid the glass/steel typology of modernist office buildings. These solutions tend to create large problems with environmental controls of buildings. Rather the architecture goes back to traditional and contextual solutions. Solid walls are expressed with emphasized penetration for fenestration. These window punctures are based on internal functions as well as solar analysis. Sun and daylight in the building changes through the day and the season, and the teaching spaces offer a variety of light and shade conditions to suit different teaching styles.
▽ 墙面与开窗，solid walls and windows
The solidity of the building is played with as elements of nature, weight, scape and patterns. The two main masses of the building converge over the lower entrance space, creating a powerful gap adjacency over the entrance, reminiscence of natural caves. The same approach can be seen in the “heavy” mass sitting over the very open ground floor café, or the enclosed inner courtyard.
▽ 入口空间和一线天，lower entrance space and the gap
▽ 通透与“沉重” ，“heavy” mass and the open café
The design attempts to bring a sense of space, variety, colour and identity to a dense occupation of a strict archetype. Technology is a driving factor, but is not made to dominate the design aesthetic in any way.
▽ 总平面图，site plan
▽ 设计分析，design diagram
▽ 地面层平面，ground floor； 一层平面，first floor
▽ 二层平面，second floor；七层平面，seventh floor
Design Team: Lead / Project Architects; Gudjon Thor Erlendsson (AUDB – Architecture & Urban Design Bureau), Özlem Akın (IEU), & Michael Young (IEU)
Site Architect/project manager: Hüsnü Alpan
Design Team: Yağmur Arıcı, Mehtap Altuğ,
Structural Engineers: Ardalı Ltd. Şti.
Electricity : Özyavru Ltd.Şti.;
Mechanics : Egetek Ltd. Şti.
Main Contractor: Kuryap Ltd. Şti.
Control: İzmir Ekonomi Üniversitesi Denetim Ekibi / Arch. Mehtap Altuğ, Civ. Eng. Berna Kaya, Elec. Eng. Tevfik Sungur, Mec. Eng. Nadir Tahta
Client: Izmir University of Economics
Photographs: Argun Tanriverdi
Drawings: AUDB – Architecture & Urban Design Bureau
English Text: AUDB – Architecture & Urban Design Bureau
Chinese Text: gooood