历史背景 History and context
Pays des Herbiers共同体创建于1995年，自此，Vendée大区下的八个片区在经济发展、城镇规划、环境发展和提高生活质量等数个方面进行了资源共享。Vendée大区有着独特的乡村特质，而Pays des Herbiers共同体治下的区域也不例外。此外这里的经济也正在飞速发展中，众多国内的大公司都在此设立了总部。
The Community of Municipalities of the Pays des Herbiers was created in 1995. It enables eight municipalities in the region of Vendée to share resources and competencies in the fields of economic development, town planning, environment, and standard of living. Like the rest of the Vendée, the Pays des Herbiers is a rural area with a strong sense of identity. It is also economically very robust and home to numerous companies active at the national level.
▼ 建筑与城市，building and its surrounding
The new Hôtel des Communes (Community of Municipalities offices) was built as an extension of the Herbiers City Hall, a mid-19th century mension situated in a public park. The contemporary architecture of the new building provides its citizens with a custom, high-performing tool that reconciles landscape, architectural heritage, and modernity. It is an expression of the region’s territorial influence and of the high level local cooperation.
▼ 新旧建筑的结合，an extension of the Herbiers City Hall
恍如大地艺术作品的建筑 Landscape Sculpture A Building that approaches Land Art
The Hôtel des Communes represents a sculptural kind of architecture that approaches Land Art. It is a smart and spectacular building that capitalizes on the strengths of its site – the public park, the trees, and the current city hall – to insert itself gently into the landscape.
▼ 极具张力的建筑形态，a sculptural kind of architecture
Supple and athletic, it coils around the existing trees, surrounding them to preserve them. It pushes up into the sky and outward into the park, finding its place without upsetting the harmoniousness of the place. It slaloms lightly and gracefully, and its skin uses the path of the sun to its best advantage.
▼ 建筑环绕着场地中的几棵大树，the building coils around the existing trees
▼ 微微上扬的尖角指向天空，the building pushes up into the sky
Despite its size, it only reveals part of its whole. The visible sides, which are proportionate to the surrounding buildings, blend into the urban landscape, while its curves and texture make the building a singular event in the town. As an installation, it hides from view under the reflection of the surrounding landscape on its skin, as if it were a chameleon.
▼ 四周的城市肌理倒映在建筑通透的建筑立面之上，the reflection of the surrounding landscape on the building’s skin
在林中办公 Working among the trees
The intelligence of the building’s form resides in the way it increases the size of the façade and thus the workspaces while reducing the technical areas to their necessary minimum. Offices in the Hôtel des Communes are grouped into compact, effective clusters to create greater work synergies. The ground floor hosts the offices that provide public services (civil registrar, marriage hall, etc.). The spaces on the upper floors were designed to be effective and flexible, on the basis of the principle of modular offices. The curving and counter-curving circulations connect one space to another. They allow people to walk through the building or enter the existing town hall fluidly, with a sense of continuity, all the while remaining immersed in the surrounding park’s greenery.
▼ 穿孔金属板打造的立面在透明与不透明之间找到了平衡，the facade is light and graceful
▼ 阳光也在此幻化出无数种面貌，its skin uses the path of the sun to its best advantage
▼ 串联起各个空间的走道，the curving and counter-curving circulations connect one space to another
▼ 总平面图，site plan
▼ 一层，first floor
▼ 二层，second floor/三层，third floor
▼ 建筑材料，detail drawing
Program: Construction of the Hôtel des Communes du Pays des Herbiers (Community of Municipalities’ offices)
Adress: Rue du Tourniquet, 85500 Les Herbiers, France
Surface: 2,880 m²
Cost: 6,260,000 € HT
Completed in: june 2016
Sustainable performance: RT2012 -37%, Passivhaus technology
Client: Communauté de Communes du Pays des Herbiers
Architect: Atelier du Pont
Project manager : Julie-Laure Anthonioz – Interior Designer: Aline Defert
Project team : Quentin Perchet, Hélène Laurin
Associate architect: Michel Joyau
Structure engineering: Arest
Fluids engineering: Area
Construction economics: ECB
Landscape Designer: Paula Paysage
Sustainable engineering: Plan02
Photographer: Takuji Shimmura