位于意大利博洛尼亚的Penitent Thief新教堂和其附属的教区综合体在近日向公众开放。该项目是由来自INOUTarchitettura、LADO和LAMBER + LAMBER事务所的年轻建筑师所组成的团队共同设计的。
In San Lazzaro di Savena (Bologna, Italy), the new Church of the Penitent Thief and the annexed parish complex opens to the public, designed by a team of young architects composed of INOUTarchitettura, LADO and LAMBER + LAMBER
Initiated in 2010, the project for the new sacred space rises from a strongly participatory process shared with the whole community: a church that does not sacrifice its symbolic and evocative dimensions, while striving to be recognizable and inclusive.Taking a cue from the archetypal image of a church, the design seeks an architecture devoid of piety, to loyally reflect the essence yet be immediately readable: sober, solemn, but not monumental. It echoes the mysticism of everyday life.
▼教堂后部视角，view from the back of the church
▼教堂正门入口，the front entrance of the church
the church’s outline is made up of walls that lean and fall apart
▼教堂的不同入口，different entrances of the church
The wall casing is light in color, evoking the marble of classical architecture, but is free of the powerful material element that detracts from a church’s modest geometries, turning it into a precious exception within its context. The perimeter of the new church is defined by walls that bend and slide off each other, evolving into large half-open doors that signal two points of access to the main hall, in addition to the main entrance. A continuous crack from heaven to earth and running along the entire roof, cuts and splits the building’s shell, revealing the presence of the sky. This symbolic gash in the veil of the temple, is intimately connected to the naming of the new Church of the Penitent Thief and to the redemption message that it seeks to convey.
a continuous crack runs along the entire roof, cutting the building open
▼切口细部，details of the crack
▼教堂内部空间概览，inside the church
▼礼堂周围的长椅被设置成一个像拥抱的半圆，the benches are arranged in a semicircle, like an embrace
▼中心礼堂，the central hall
▼中心礼堂细部，details of the central hall
The architectural, liturgical, and artistic components of the project have been carefully considered and deeply analysed as intimately connected facets, and as faces of a single body. The main liturgical spaces have been organized along the perimeter, built in wall niches: the baptistery next to the entrance, the weekday chapel beside the altar and mirroring it, a cozy area dedicated to the choir. Moreover, the artistic path unfolds to encompass the entire wall development. The resulting central void is dedicated to the assembly hall: an intimate and measured space whose fulcrum is the altar, around which the benches are arranged in a semicircle, like an embrace, to accommodate over 300 devotees.
▼从侧方入口看向礼堂，the side entrance looks into the auditorium
▼墙体凹陷部分为艺术壁画，the hollow part of the wall is an art fresco
The liturgical elements – the altar, the ambo, the baptismal font – are stone pieces in selenite: a characteristic crystalline gypsum of the Bolognese hills. These strongly material presences emerge with respect to the white wall background and match the naturalness of the wooden floor. The result is a seemingly domestic interior space, characterized by a few carefully selected materials, intimate and welcoming, and bathed in natural light.
▼来自波隆那山区的亚硒酸盐石块，stone pieces in selenite: a characteristic crystalline gypsum of the Bolognese hills
▼空间细部，details of the spaces
▼入口区域细部，details of the entrance
The parish complex develops on the east side of the church and consists of two new buildings plus a refurbishment of the existing building, previously used as a place of worship. The planimetric distribution gives access to the church from the parish premises, and through them, leads to the new building from the Park of Peace behind it. The new buildings form an internal courtyard overlooked by all the classrooms for catechesis: an open tree-lined and public space for aggregation, play and meeting.
▼拥有中央庭院的教区综合体，the parish complex with a central courtyard
▼新建筑立面，facade of the new building
Architecture: INOUTarchitettura, LADO architetti, LAMBER + LAMBER
Project team: arch. Mario Assisi, arch. Luca Ladinetti, ing. Fiorella Lamber, arch. Mario Lamber, arch. Paolo Lamber, arch. Valentina Milani
Client: Parish of San Lorenzo del Farneto (don Paolo dall’Olio)
Liturgist: Mons. Amilcare Zuffi
Design phase: December 2009 – July 2017
Construction phase: October 2017 – June 2019
Project area: 4.935 sqm
GFA: 1.056 sqm
Paintings: Paolo Mennea
Sculptures: Flavio Senoner
Structural engineering: ing. Michele Naldi
Installations: R.B Impianti s.r.l.
Contractor: C.I.M.S. s.c.r.l. – Cooperativa Intersettoriale Montana Sassoleone (Borgo Tossignano, Bologna)
Mechanical installations: Prosapio Patrick Service s.r.l. (San Lazzaro di Savena, Bologna)
Electrical installations: Donati Impianti s.r.l. (Castel San Pietro Terme, Bologna)
Finshings: Delisari Materia Design s.r.l.s. (Bologna)
Liturgical furniture: La Nova s.a.s. (Treviso)
Structure: reinforced concrete and plasterboard
Floor: oak and ceramic parquet (baptistery area)
Windows: aluminum Covering: painted aluminum sheet
Furniture: Benches and seat of the parish priest: oak wood
Altar and baptistery: selenite