Casa Schneider is home to the architects’ very first client, nearly twenty years after the Garcia Residence (the first project for both architect and client) was built.
▼建筑外观，external view of the building ©Bill Timmerman
Garcia first approached the architect 20 years ago to design a home on a steep desert lot with commanding views of the Tucson valley. The Garcia residence – a rugged concrete block, steel, and glass dwelling – launched the young firm with their inclusion in Architecture Magazine’s “Arizona School” issue. Two decades, a marriage, and two children later, the owners of the Garcia Residence (Garcia and Schneider) wanted to live closer to Tucson’s burgeoning downtown and newly developed streetcar in a multi-generational home that could accommodate his aging mother.
▼设计草图，design sketch ©Ibarra Rosano Design Architects
Attuned to fundamentally different site and programmatic conditions, the two houses reflect those contrasts. While the Garcia residence is outward-looking in its Tucson Mountain rural desert setting, the urban courtyard arrangement of Casa Schneider is internally focused.
▼建筑外观，采用内向布局，external view of the building which is internally focused ©Bill Timmerman
The play of light and geometry in Casa Schneider stems from the unusual wedge-shaped lot nestled between two adjacent properties. The design acknowledges the unique desert sunlight and its dynamic quality throughout the day and year. Two building masses slip past one another, inviting the sun to cast its constantly changing hues and shapes on plastered white walls. Windows and openings playfully animate an otherwise monastic façade. Planes fold and facet to receive the ever-changing hue of desert light at both interior and exterior.
▼两个体块的交接处形成建筑入口，entrance at the intersection of the two building masses ©Bill Timmerman
▼立面上凸起的开窗形成丰富的光影变化，extruded windows on the facade creating dynamic light and shadows ©Bill Timmerman
▼立面细部，facade details ©Bill Timmerman
▼丰富的光影，dynamic light and shadows ©Bill Timmerman
The design harkens back to traditional architecture of historic Tucson Barrios with its simple palette of white plaster and wood, its central courtyard, and select moments of embellished detail. The entry door warmly beckons with the use of wood that continues into interior gathering spaces. The main living space centers around the hearth where the fireplace serves as a place for connection and features imagery referencing the family’s culture and history of the region.
▼木制的入口大门，entrance door made of wood ©Bill Timmerman
▼起居空间，living room ©Bill Timmerman
▼壁炉，fireplace ©Bill Timmerman
▼细部体现当地传统特色，details referencing the traditional architecture of the region ©left: Bill Timmerman, right: Damien Rodarte
▼通往二层的楼梯，staircase towards the second floor ©Damien Rodarte
▼二层休息区，sitting area on the second floor ©Damien Rodarte
▼从凸出的窗口望向室外景观，view to the outdoor landscape through the extruded openings
▼折叠的墙体形成丰富的光影，folded planes creating dynamic light and shadows ©Bill Timmerman
Regional architectural strategies inform the design’s use of courtyards to imbue spaces with nature and sunlight while providing privacy and intimacy. A private courtyard expands the master bedroom into an open-air morning yoga and coffee retreat. The public courtyard prompts fireside conversations and family movie nights projected against white plastered walls.
▼公共庭院，public courtyard ©Bill Timmerman
▼庭院一角的旋转楼梯，spiral staircase on the corner of the courtyard ©Bill Timmerman
▼楼梯细部，details of the staircase ©left: Damien Rodarte, right: Bill Timmerman
▼透过窗口看向室外景观，view to the outdoor landscape through the opening ©Bill Timmerman
▼主卧外的私人庭院，private courtyard outside the master’s bedroom ©Bill Timmerman
▼庭院细部，details of the courtyard ©left: Bill Timmerman, right: Damien Rodarte
The courtyard is a timeless approach to passive ventilation and thermal comfort in the desert. Evaporative cooling floods the courtyard down the chimney mass, making the outdoor fireplace a focal point even in extreme summer heat.
▼建筑夜景外观，external view of the building in the night ©Bill Timmerman
▼庭院夜景，night view of the courtyard ©Bill Timmerman
Representing an evolution of both client and architect, this modern interpretation of vernacular architecture transforms an urban lot into a dynamic play of Sonoran Desert light.
▼总平面图，site plan ©Ibarra Rosano Design Architects
▼平面图，plans ©Ibarra Rosano Design Architects
Architect: Ibarra Rosano Design Architects
Location: Tucson, Arizona, USA
Design Team: Luis Ibarra, Teresa Rosano, Janeth Vega-Flores, Sarah Luck
Structural Engineer: Harris Engineering Services
Site size: 4815 sf
Project Size: 3647 gsf conditioned space, 2018 gsf (main house ground level), 998 gsf (main house second level), 631 gsf (studio space second level) + 558 gsf garage
Project completion: 2020
Photographs: Bill Timmerman (select photos by Damien Rodarte)