Beijing Daxing Ecological Civilization Educaiton Park, China by COBBLESTONE

Narrative landscape space, in which knowledge is acquired by experience.

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叙事式空间结构
Narrative Space Structure

大兴生态文明教育公园位于大兴区北侧、南五环以南、新媒体产业园北侧紧临新凤河,总面积约141456㎡,它处于北京主城区边缘、依临新兴城市板块和机场辐射区。同时这个城乡结合部地区也是北京产业调整升级、腾退还绿的重点区域,面临大面积的低端产业关停、废旧建筑拆迁、流动人员清退的阵痛和挑战。2016年4月5日中国国家主席习近平等国家领导人参加了公园原址地的植树节活动,倡导“知行足下”、“把大兴建设好”,扎实推动城郊地区城市更新和绿色再生工作。大兴生态文明教育公园就诞生在这个城乡结合部地区一系列的变迁和事件之中。

Daxing Ecological Civilization Education Park is located on the north side of Daxing District, south side of the South Fifth Ring Road and the north side of New Media Industry Park which is close to the Xinfeng River, with total area about 141,456m2. It is at the edge of the main city area of Beijing, near new city plate and airport radiation zone.This urban-rural junction area becomes the key areas of industrial restructuring & upgrading and green regeneration in Beijing, facing the pains and challenges of large-scale low-end industry closure, demolition of abandoned and old buildings, and removal of mobile personnel. In April 5th 2016, Xi Jinping and other national leading comrades took part in Arbor Day’s activity in the original site of the park and advocated “knowing and doing under the feet”, “building Daxing well”, also promoted urban renewal and green regeneration in suburban areas. Daxing Ecological Civilization Education Park was born in a series of changes and events in this urban-rural junction area.

▼公园鸟瞰,bird view of the park

中国园林画的一种形式叫做手卷或横幅,“人们看图时会从右侧打开慢慢展开,手卷提供了一种连续的线性图像以模仿游园的体验—-在卷轴的开始会看到园门,穿过园门在园中漫步可以欣赏其中重要的精致,最后由位于卷轴末端的另一处园门离开。”(高居翰,p21),这种线性图像展现了园林中不同景致连续的故事性描述(叙事性),每个景致都自成一体有命名、山水树石、亭台楼榭等屋宇、人物活动、及题诗。观众从各个景致中可以体验园林的细致情节和故事,在全部看完之后又能对整个园林有系统了解,“曲折繁复的园林空间可以清晰并富有逻辑地表现在手卷中”(高居翰,p137)。大兴生态文明教育公园正如一幅慢慢展开的手卷,连续不同的景致构成完整叙事性公园。当内容和陈述内容的形式形成完整的结构,就成为“叙事”。

One form of Chinese garden painting is called hand scroll or horizontal scroll, “when one reads while rolling it from the right to left, hand scroll typically provides a pictorial analogue to the more linear or discursive experience of entering the gardeng through a gate shown at he beginning of the scroll, walking lesurelu through it and observing it principal features, and leaving through another gate at the end. “(GaoJuhan, p21) This linear image shows the narrative description of the different sceneries in the garden (narrative). Each scene has its own name, mountains&rivers, trees&stones, pavilions& terraces and other buildings,personage activities, and poems. The audience can experience the detailed plot and story of the garden from each scene. After reading the whole scroll, we can understand the whole garden systematically. “The tortuous and complicated garden space can be clearly and logically displayed in the hand roll.” (GaoJuhan, p137) Daxing Ecological Civilization Education Park is like a slowly unfolding handroll,continuous different sceneries constitute a complete narrative park. When the form of content and statement forms a complete structure, it becomes “narrative.”

▼公园构成示意图,composition analysis

公园自西向东按叙事逻辑编排了四个关联景园,分别命名为畅想园、智慧园、知行足下园和奋进园,呈现了从“自然畅想”、“普及引导”、“教育纪念”“努力践行”的线性递进关联,并分别由一条一级园路和一条环形生态步道贯通。这一线性叙事方式如胶片所展现的连续影像空间,又如一幅园林画手卷,既平实连贯具线性叙事关联,也结合静止或动态叙事场所设计,增加体验和审美,引导思考。正如叙事暗示着“通过行为和体验的偶然性来获得知识的方式”(马修,p3),隐藏在叙事结构和场所后的意义被片段、巧合或偶遇,暗示性地揭示出来,引发游览者内心自发的认识、理解、整合及至共鸣,而不是试图“寻找普遍真理”(马修,p4)。

From west to east, Daxing Ecological Civilization Education Park arranges four related gardens according to narrative logic, which are named Imagination Park, Wisdom Park, Knowing and doing under the feet Park and Endeavour Park respectively. It presents a linear progressive relationship between “Natural Imagination”, “Universal guidance”,”Education Memorial” and “Hard Practice,” and runs through a primary garden road and a circular ecological trail respectively. This linear narrativemethod is likea continuous image space shown on film, also like a hand roll of garden painting, which is both flat and coherent with linear narrative relevance, and also combines with static or dynamic narrative site design to increase experience and aesthetics, andto lead thinking. Just as narrative implies “the way in which knowledge is acquired by chance of action and experience” (MatthewP3), the meaning hidden behind the narrative structure and place is segmented, coincidental or encounteredand suggestively revealed to trigger the spontaneous knowledge, understanding, integration and empathy of the visitors rather than trying to “seek universal truth” (MatthewP4).

▼从西到东经过的不同空间,different spaces in the park from west to east

▼公园西侧鸟瞰图,bird view from the western side

 

群体灰建筑与场所
Group Grey Buildings and Places

传统景园中的建筑小品(或景观小品)被重新定义为更为积极的“灰建筑”概念, 即介于建筑和景观之间的模糊空间和构筑物,具有建筑和景观的双重个性。五环公园内的“灰建筑”群具有完整而朴素的空间形态、意义象征或暗示、以及整体材料性征,形成一系列“事件”性场所,并积极鼓励游人参与“事件”和体验。构筑物的建造运用了混凝土、碳化木混合结构等朴素自然纯粹的构造方式;并运用大量拆迁废弃可循环材料砖砌块、混凝土、碎骨料等,用作景观矮墙、雕塑、排水边沟及垫层、预制垃圾桶、铺装、石笼墙填充料等。

Architectural sketches (or landscape sketches) in the traditional landscape have been redefined as a more active concept of “gray architecture”, that is, fuzzy spaces and structures between architecture and landscape,with the dual personality of architecture and landscape. The “gray building” group in Five Ring Park has a complete spatial form, meaning symbol or intimation, as well as the overall material characteristics to form a series of “eventful” places and actively encourage visitors to participate in “events” and experiences.

▼不同景观小品分布示意,locations of the landscape sketches in the park

▼园中的自然风光,natural scenery in the park

瞻古望今
Past & Present

畅想园是生态文明建设公园的第一乐章,以畅想自然渴望田园为主题,反映人类与生俱来对自然环境的亲近欲望。位于畅想园内的瞻古望今园是一组连续线状群组灰建筑,紧邻和平行一级园路,由归思园与冀盼廊两部分组成,为砼现浇带型观景灰建筑。其中归思园以中国古书“竹简”为设计原型,提取中国传统园林的空间特征,营造观赏空间。通过山水田园诗的意趣渲染陈述,细致描摹中国人向往中的山水田园。冀盼廊则以抽象几何形式的变化组合,构成可供休憩的游廊。这一组线性序列空间,尺度宜人、材料纯净;借用抽象建筑符号、墙顶转换或消失或洞口等富有趣味的建筑手法引导游人视线和行为体验;结合墙面天棚精炼世界在应对环境变化中努力与历程的文字使游者在片段的事件记录里,认识、理解和遐想。

▼归思园,Homesickness Park

maginationPark is the first movement of the Ecological Civilization Education Park, with imagining the natural and desiring for pastoral as the theme and reflecting the inherent desire of human beings to the natural environment. Located in the ImaginationPark, Past & Present Park is a series of continuous linear group gray buildings, which is close and parallel to the mainpath. It is consisting of HomesicknessPark and Hope Corridor which are the concrete cast-in-place belt type view gray buildings. In which Homesickness Park takes “bamboo slips” as the design prototype, extracts the spatial features of Chinese traditional gardens, and creates an ornamental space.Through the picturesque description of landscape idyllic poetry, it describes the Chinese yearning landscape pastoral in detail.Hope Corridorforms a recreation veranda with combination of changes in the form of abstract geometry. This group of linear sequence spaces is with pleasant scales and pure materials; Using abstract architectural symbols, wall top conversion or disappearance or hole and other interesting architectural techniques to guide visitors’ sight and behavior experience; the text of the world’s efforts and course in coping with environmental change is refined from the wall ceiling to enable the traveller to recognize, understand, and reverie in the fragments of the event record.

▼冀盼廊,Hope Corridor

▼冀盼廊内部空间,inner space of the Hope Corridor

▼瞻古望今平面图,plan of Past&Present

▼瞻古望今立面图,elevation of Past&Present

▼瞻古望今剖面图,section of Past&Present

翠波廊桥
Gallery Bridge of Waves

智慧园是生态文明公园的知识科普与生态意识引导基地。位于智慧园内的大型灰建筑翠波廊桥为钢木结构结合的景观游桥,主体二层局部三层,紧邻二级生态步行道。150米凌空飞动的桥体作为广阳大街的北端的独特城市标识物,既强化北兴路的城市景观界面,也成为重要的城市节点,与产业园区蒸蒸日上的发展互为对景,隐含对生态文明和城市发展的礼赞。桥体下部采用Y型钢柱承载与基础焊接,有如翚斯飞之动势;上部采用重型胶合梁、木柱、局部加钢构稳固件的复合木结构形式。翠波廊桥是行为和时间移动下游者自发体会和联想(被)叙事方式;是短暂旅行后的浪漫想象。游者随着引桥及环形平台可直至第三层平台,在高程不断变化中在林端行走、凭栏远眺,感受独特的观赏体验。近视可俯看满园绿色及中部植树节纪念林地;平视可眺望大兴及新媒体产业基地的城市变迁;远视可目及大兴城市剪影和西山余晖。自然、城市和内心的“畅神”融为一体。

▼沿河廊道鸟瞰,bird view of the riverside corridor

▼廊道外观,external view of the corridor

Wisdom Park is the base of knowledge popularization and ecological consciousness guidance of the Ecological Civilization Education Park. Gallery Bridge of Waves, a large gray building located in the Wisdom Park, is a kind oflandscape bridges that combines steel and wood structures withtwo layers of the main body and three layers of the part, and next to the secondary ecological path.As a unique urban symbol at the northern end of Guangyang Avenue, the 150 meters flying bridge not only strengthens the urban landscape interface of Beixing Road, but also becomes an important urban node, which is in contrast to the booming industrial parkwith implicit praise for ecological civilization and urban development.The lower part of the bridge is loaded with Y-shaped steel columns and welded with foundation, which is like the motion of pheasant flying; the upper part adopts the composite wood structure of heavy glued beam, wood column, local steel structure. Gallery Bridge of Waves is the narration of spontaneous experience and association of behavior and movement of time; it is a romantic imagination after a short trip.Visitors cango to the third level of the platform through the approach bridge and the ring platform, during the changing height, walk inthe forest, overlook by the hurdles, and feel the unique experience of viewing.In near view, visitors canenjoy the green of park and central Arbor Day memorial woodland; inhorizontal view, they can overlookthe urban changes of Daxing and the new media industry base; in far view, they can overlook thecity silhouette ofDaxing and the afterglow of West Mountain. Nature, city and the heart of the “unobstructed spirit” are combined as a whole.

▼从地面看向廊道,view of the corridor from ground level

▼通过楼梯上到廊道二层,stair connected to the second level of the corridor

▼从二层可以欣赏到更为广阔的景色,wider view from the second level

▼廊道细部,details of the corridor

▼翆波廊桥平面图,plans of Gallery Bridge of Waves

▼翆波廊桥立面图,elevation of Gallery Bridge of Waves

▼翆波廊桥结构详图,details of Gallery Bridge of Waves

永续廊
Sustainable Corridor

位于智慧园内的永续廊是由拆迁废料作为墙体填充骨料构成的圆形石笼景墙、钢木作为支撑结构和顶部构件共同构成的大型休憩空间,由一级园路与畅想园的瞻古望今连接。永续廊四面墙体分别在石笼墙体外以有机玻璃图示展示植物生长于土壤、植物生长与自然界交流、动物生长与植物的关系、及动植物遗骸在有机物微生物作用下对土壤成分的补充等自然界生态系统的循环共生过程。永续廊是静态叙事的,传达了生态系统循环往复、生生不息永恒命题。围合构筑物的中间是两头废旧钢丝箍扎的麋鹿,徜徉在清草地上远处是浅浅的湿地,呈现祥和温顺的自然界画面。

Located in Wisdom Park, Sustainable Corridor is a large rest space composed of the rounded stone cage wall filled with aggregate by demolition waste, and the supporting structureby steel and wood and the top member, and connected by the main path and Past & Present Park of ImaginationPark. Outside the walls of the stone cage, the four walls of Sustainable Corridor show the cycle and symbiotic process of the natural ecosystem that plants grow in earth, plants grow and nature communication, relationship of animal growth and plant, and the supplement of soil components by the remains of animals and plants under the action of organic microorganisms etc. Sustainable Corridoris a static narrative that conveys the everlasting proposition of the ecosystem that goes round in circles and continuous reproduction.In the middle of the structure there are two moose strapped with old steel hoops, roaming on the green grass far away by shallow wetlands, showing a peaceful and gentle picture of nature.

▼永续廊外观,external view of the Sustainable Corridor

▼永续廊四面设有石笼墙体,walls of stone cages defining the space of Sustainable Corridor

▼永续廊石笼细部,details of the stone cages of Sustainable Corridor

  

贯虹廊
Rainbow Porch

经过中部知行足下园和树•纪念广场进入奋进园。奋进园是生态文明教育公园的尾声,通过奋进林地等场所营造,再现大兴区生态文明实践的历程。位于奋进园内的贯虹廊,是圆拱造形的特色钢木结构休息廊。贯虹廊起始线与终点线均与河岸和防汛通通平行,双向弯曲的廊身由两根弯曲的钢梁和它们之间的木构连接件组成,支撑结构也如翠波廊桥之Y型钢柱。宁静而展翅欲飞造型,象征和谐也寓意腾飞。贯虹廊与翠波廊桥同在二级生态路北侧,分别处在新媒体基地次干道广平大街的北端延伸点和主干道广阳大街北端延伸点。这一排列使它成为新媒体基地的重要景观界,同时面向城乡结合部地区蒸蒸日上的生态文明建设和城市化发展区域,飞动的形态具极强的象征意义。

Enter Endeavour Park through the Central Knowing and Doing Under The Feet Park and Tree Memorial Square. Endeavor Park is the end of the Ecological Civilization Education Park. Through the construction of Endeavor woodland and other places, it reproduces the course of ecological civilization practice in Daxing District.Located in Endeavour Park, Rainbow Porch is a special steel-timber structure rest gallery with circular arch.The starting line and the finish line ofRainbow Porch are parallel to the river banks and flood control lines, and the two-way curved corridor body consists of two curved steel beams and the wooden connections between them;the supporting structure is also like the Y-shaped steel column of Gallery Bridge of Waves. The modeling of tranquil and wings to fly symbolize harmony also mean soaring.Rainbow Porch and Gallery Bridge of Waves are located on the north side of the secondary ecological path, at the northern extension point of Guangping Avenue, the sub-trunk road of New Media Base, and at the north end of Guangyang Avenue of the main road,respectively. This arrangement makes it an important landscape area of New Media Base,at the same time, facing the booming ecological civilization construction and the urbanization development area in the urban and rural areas, the flying form has the extremely strong symbolic significance.

▼贯虹廊,Rainbow Porch

▼树·纪念广场,Tree · Memorial Plaza

▼奋进林地,Endeavor woodland

 

尾声
The End

建造在城乡结合部腾退还绿区域中的大兴生态文明教育公园以线性叙事结构;以当代朴素简约的空间塑造手段;完成游园职能和启迪性升华。以灰建筑名义的构筑物群积极参与了场所叙事,其陈述内容(意义)及陈述内容的形式介质(型和材料)所构成的叙事修辞尝试以更开放、抽象、朴素和纯粹的方式。这既构建了主题叙事框架下的逻辑和序列,又营造了欢愉浪漫的观景体验和美学享受。

Daxing Ecological Civilization Education Park, which is built in the green reproduction area of the urban-rural joint area, has a linear narrative structure with the contemporary simple space shaping method to complete the functions and enlighten sublimation of the park. The grey building group is highly involved in the narration of the place. The narrative rhetoric made up of the narrative content and the formal medium of the narrative content is attempted in a more open and abstract way. This not only constructs the logic and sequence under the frame of thematic narration, but also creates a happy and romantic viewing experience, like a continuous hand scroll of garden paintings, showing the unity of narration and poetry.

▼东入口广场,Plaza at the eastern entrance

▼混凝土雕塑,concrete constructions

▼公园细部,details of the park

▼总平面图,site plan

项目名称:北京大兴生态文明教育公园
设计:加拿大考斯顿设计
联系邮箱:252956840@qq.com
项目设计 & 完成年份:2016/2017
主创及设计团队:
主创建筑师: 刘廷杰
设计团队:刘廷杰、白静、史倩,胡婷君,戴标
项目地址:南五环与京开高速交叉立交东南角
建筑面积:141456㎡(用地面积)
摄影版权:胡义杰
品牌:上海九得 + 碳化木,上海国康 + 钢结构,北京邦盾园林工程有限公司 +透水混凝土

Project name: Beijing Daxing Ecological Civilization Educaiton Park
Design: COBBLESTONE
Contact e-mail: 252956840@qq.com
Design year & Completion Year:2016/2017
Leader designer & Team:
Lead Architects: Tingjie (Peter) Liu
Design Team: Tingjie (Peter) Liu, Baijing,Shi Qian,Hu Tingjun,Dai Biao
Project location: Intersection of South Fifth Ring and Jingkai High Speed
Gross Built Area (square meters): 141456㎡(site area)
Photo credits: Yijie Hu
Brands / Products used in the projrct: Allsignt International + Carbonized Wood, Shanghai Guokang + Steel Structure, Beijing Bangdun Garden Engineering Co.Ltd + Permeable Concrete

More: COBBLESTONE on gooood

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