Located on Kingsland Road, one of Hackney’s busy arterial roads on the edge of a conservation area, Hackney New Primary School combines a community-led school with affordable homes and shops at street level. It represents an exemplary approach to hybrid architecture combining different functions without losing the strengths of either the original educational or residential building typologies. Designed around a cloistered courtyard, the school has an inner-city character. The adjacent residential tower reads as both a landmark for the development as a whole and as a central European type apartment block with its covered loggia at street level. The buildings’ concrete coloured with red sand and red granite aggregate together with its red brickwork unify the pair, bringing together their unrelated uses while emphasising the design of the two buildings as coherent elements of urban design.
▼项目概览，general view © Henley Halebrown
The 11-storey residential block protects the 3-storey school from noise and fumes along this major thoroughfare. Its compact plan frees up the site for the School and its generous open-air courtyard playground. This space is an important focal point for pupils and staff, engendering a collegiate spirit. It also brings natural light into the School.
▼轴测图，axon drawing © Henley Halebrown
The block has 68 apartments that share an orthogonal reinforced concrete central core. At the top of the tower is an open colonnade. The plan of the building is molded – “pinched” and “twisted” – creating a solid convex curve as it turns a corner. This is critical in terms of how the architecture plays with its context, introducing movement and depth. The storeys are paired, with loggias carved out of the mass of brickwork with a double-height order extending around the perimeter of the building, further animating the elevations.
▼立面，facade © Henley Halebrown
▼砖砌双层凉廊，brick loggias with a double-height © Henley Halebrown
▼细部，details © Henley Halebrown
There is a strong interplay between the façade and the city making its wall a threshold between the building and the city. The apartment building thus gains a civic presence that transcends its immediate function. This also true of the School where its street-facing elevation is constructed with a long plinth used by the general public as a bench, so further adding to the architecture’s liminal quality and its role as a piece of social infrastructure within the community.
▼人们将柱基作为长椅使用，the long plinth used by the general public as a bench © Henley Halebrown
The cloistered gallery circulation orientates and organizes the school at all levels wrapping around the central courtyard. This is covered in canopies that provide shelter and shade while effectively controlling the scale of the School and neighbouring buildings for young children. Classrooms, music rooms, the main hall and administration offices all face the courtyard. They are faced with light ivory glazed bricks selected for their light reflecting properties. Generous mezzanines, roof terraces, play spaces and gardens occur on all levels of the school promoting outdoor teaching, conversations, and exercise throughout the school day. In addition to other semi-covered spaces and deep classroom window recesses, these bring the school’s walls to life, allowing pupils to inhabit them as a liminal threshold between formal and informal worlds or indoor and outdoor spaces. The entrance to the school creates the break between the residential tower and the school, an inviting point of arrival with its wildlife-inspired gates designed in collaboration with the artist Paul Morrison.
▼与艺术家Paul Morrison合作设计的、以野生动物为灵感的大门 © Henley Halebrown
the wildlife-inspired gates designed in collaboration with the artist Paul Morrison
▼从回廊望向内庭院，view to the inner courtyard from the cloister © Henley Halebrown
Henley Halebrown事务所创始人Simon Henley表示：“锌和玻璃顶篷保护了庭院四周的釉面砖墙，它们使人想起Asplund设计的林地公墓的顶篷。篷下的厚墙上设置大小不同的门窗。有的窗户与砖墙表面齐平，在教室内部形成纵深的靠窗座位。有的窗户凹进墙面，在邻近教室门的地方形成预制混凝土靠窗座位。”
Simon Henley, founder of Henley Halebrown says, “The glazed brickwork walls that line the courtyard are sheltered by zinc and glazed canopies which recall those by Asplund at the Woodland Cemetery. Beneath, the thick walls are composed of a variety of differently sized window openings and doorways. Some windows are flush to the brickwork surface creating deep window seats inside the classroom. Others are deep-set to form precast concrete window seats adjacent to each classroom door.”
▼公寓内部，inside view of the apartment © Henley Halebrown
▼公寓楼与学校之间的间隙 © Henley Halebrown
the break between the residential tower and the school
▼音乐室，music room © Henley Halebrown
▼剖轴测，sectional axon © Henley Halebrown
▼一层平面图，ground floor plan © Henley Halebrown
▼二层平面图，first floor plan © Henley Halebrown
▼标准层平面图，typical floor plan © Henley Halebrown
▼屋顶层平面图，roof floor plan © Henley Halebrown
▼剖面图，section axon © Henley Halebrown
▼剖面细部，details © Henley Halebrown
Architect: Henley Halebrown
Structural Engineer: Techniker
MEP Engineer: Elementa (pre-contract)
Landscape: Tyler Grange (pre-contract)
Planting: Jennifer Benyon Design
Project Manager: QS RLB (pre-contract)
Acoustic Engineer: Pace Consult
Artist: Paul Morrison
Main contractor: Thornsett Structures
Downham Road Ltd (JV)
Education Funding and Skills Agency (EFSA)
The Benyon Estate
Hackney New School Academy Trust