2011 ASLA Professional Awards {13} Planning and Design Honor Award: Habitat Integration: “symbiosis”, Poland by AECOM

A vibrant and livable environment.

Project Specs

Design:

“Refreshing. It increases density, but it also looks at ecology. This is where cities of today are and this is a very practical approach and shows what is possible. The political, financial, and design provisions are easily understandable by all audiences. One of our problems is getting people to love density and this makes a great case for it. ”
—2011 Professional Awards Jury       

“令人耳目一新。增加密度的同时也注重生态。这是今天城市应有的实用的定位,具备可能性。政治、金融和设计的规则容易被民众理解。这是一个能让人们爱上密度的好例子。”
2011专业奖评委委员会

By AECOM,更多关于他们:AECOM on gooood

▲时间-生态-文化。社区的复兴通过规划,政策,设计实现。恢复橡树林地/热带草原生态栖息地生境,改善生态系统功能,增加住房选择和新社区功能。

 

“共生”是波特兰市政府资助的栖息地整合竞赛优胜奖,其融合自然和可持续发展的绿色建筑来保护和推进太平洋西北地区的环保运动。优胜方案由世界著名的评审团选出。其重新定义了当前可持续性设计的标准,促进了保护和发展间的平衡,最大限度允许生物多样性,提升人们生活品质。

随着时间的流逝,场地会因自然、文化和政治的发展而改变。把橡树平原生态栖息地整合到一个单一住宅区无疑是挑战,对此制定了物理设计方案和政策框架。基于体验,通过告知、教育和引导进行逐步改变。

一系列的草图让居民认识到如何在自然和建筑之间找到重要的平衡点,再通过平易近人的文书使得内容便于被各种不同人群所理解。在土地的基础上提出恢复演变的策划,包含排水,植被,替代能源,公用设施,新住房选择等方案。说明街区,住区,社区,景观怎样再生;怎样在环境、文化和经济具备更高可持续性,用更少的能源和基础设施为更多的人们提供更高质的家园。

达成目标:

鼓励和奖励投资低影响排水设备以促进自然景观和栖息地恢复,相应投资人可以获得其它投资权益。通过适当的土地,植物还有雨水管理,恢复自然栖息地,增进生物多样性推出新的住房选择,鼓励多样性,有效利用土地资源尊重现有建筑,谨慎的新建和改建,收集雨水和使用乡土植物以节约用水通过社区公园、屋顶绿化上的太阳能板或者农业生产实现本地能源和食物的生产共享设施设备还有舒适的公共空间(社区/教育中心、公园、游乐场、社区公园、重建的栖息地、人行道、回收设施、公共停车场和休息区。尊重每一户家庭的价值和利益,在改造过程中保留较小但足够私密的场地高效的使用道路用地,推广街道绿化。

挑战

通过政策、设计、教育和生态过程塑造一个充满活力的宜居环境。最优化场地的生态功能,以最兼容和价值化的方式达到人类和自然的平衡。

解决方案

认识生态环境的设计周期,并根据其制定发展保护规定和使用政策。将设计与人的经验还有生态直至结合起来塑造宜居生活家园。

结果

生态和文化社区繁荣共生
降低能源消耗
增加密度
生态系统功能恢复,包括水文功能、植物演替和物种繁衍
人类、西部灰松鼠、奥里根橡木等指示物种作为生物多样性增长衡量指标

理念及细节

自然友好

通过管理让街区对自然友好。原生林地上正在快速减少的204种脊椎动物在2040年会重新恢复。场地上所有雨水被收集,务实的种植上生产性景观和乡土植物。做了一个拱桥穿越绿色场地以保护下方生态环境完整性。宜居性和体验新的规范有效组织居民对场地进行保护和实现可持续性发展。鼓励增加建筑密度。出现一个强大,多样的社区社会,有越来越多的公共生活。花园,托儿所,庭院,游乐场等等被共享。收到越来越多的人们赞叹。植物和动物人们每天都通过自己的体验学习,享受着多样活力的文化和景观。社区被不断的充实,独户住宅被慢慢更替为小住宅和多户住宅,同时这里也成为其他许多物种的家园。

这样的设计理念使得我们可以在发展过程中保持自然,同时生活质量和环境得以有效改善。

“Growing Together”, a winning submittal to the Integrating Habitats competition sponsored by Portland Metro, represents a movement to protect and enhance the Pacific Northwest region’s natural resources through green building proposals that blend nature with sustainable development. This winning design, selected by a world-renowned jury, redefines the current language and standards of environmental sustainability by fostering balance between conservation and development, maximizing biodiversity, and safeguarding water quality for this generation and those to come.

▲图纸局部放大

 

▲图纸局部放大

 

▲竞赛图版

 

▲区域图,生态和人类平衡演变

 

▲策略设计。通过政策和法规,利用其他投资权益换取土地发展投资(能源生产,栖息地回复,雨水收集,地影响排水,原生景观)

 

▲策略设计:演化改变

 

▲东立面,增加更多住房选择

 

▲基调树木名单:主要是橡树等本地原生植物

 

▲环境教育插图。列出该生境濒危物种西部灰松鼠。

 

▲通过专业人士设计的插图使得环境教育的意图能够有效的传达给居民。

 

▲雨水管理简化方法。显示出雨水管理的优点,降低污染,节约用水。

 

▲与1990年比,2030年的生物多样性将增长210%

 

▲土地利用率和多样性度量

Here’s some more information:

Places are shaped over time by natural, cultural, and political processes. The design solution to the challenge of integrating an Oak Savannah habitat into an established single family neighborhood addresses physical design and policy frameworks. The solution relied on the experience of visiting and living in the community to inform, educate, and guide gradual change.

A series of sketches representing the neighborhood inhabitants’ experiences challenge viewers to recognize the importance of finding a balance between the built and natural environment. This is illustrated through the use of storybook like presentation graphics designed to be approachable and easily understood by diverse groups. This land-based solution illustrates one of several scenarios that might evolve if policy is adopted to encourage investment in habitat restoration, low impact drainage, native landscaping, alternative energy, shared amenities, infill, and new housing choices. The plan illustrates how a block / neighborhood / community / landscape could regenerate; becoming more environmentally, culturally, and economically sustainable and at the same time provide higher quality habitat, house more people, require less infrastructure, and consume fewer resources.

The illustrated outcome accomplishes the following:

Encourages and rewards property owner investment in low impact drainage, natural landscape, and habitat restoration by providing additional development rights in exchange for investment
Restores natural habitat and encourages biological diversity through adaptive management of land, vegetation, and stormwater Introduces new housing choices; encouraging diversity and promoting efficient use of limited land resources.Respects the investment, energy, and history embodied in existing building and improvements by thoughtfully introducing new structures, uses, and improvements into the existing fabric.

Conserves water by harvesting storm water and reducing irrigation demands through the use of native landscaping. Accommodates on-site energy and food production through community gardens, green roofs, solar panels, and permaculture practices. Strengthens community by providing shared facilities and amenities including community/education center, park, playground, community gardens, restored habitat, trails, recycling facilities, shared cars, and seating areas. Respects the values and benefits of single family home ownership and strives to retain these in the initial phases of regeneration by retaining private, yet smaller, lots and designing each lot to include private outdoor spaces. Uses street right of way more efficiently and promotes greening of streets.

Challenges

Shaping a dynamic and life supporting landscape through policy, design, education, and ecological processes. Optimizing the site’s ecological functions in ways most compatible and valuable to
achieving a balance between human and natural communities.

Solution

Growing Together recognizes the cyclical nature of environmental planning and design. The strategy acknowledges that ecological and cultural values inform environmental and land use policies, as well as development and conservation regulations. All of these, combined with people’s experiences, design and ecological processes, combine to shape life supporting habitats.

Results

Biological and cultural communities thrive
Energy consumption is reduced
Regional growth is contained through appropriate infill
Ecosystem functions are restored including hydrologic function, plant succession, and species reproduction
Biodiversity increases as measured by the indicator species; Humans, Western Gray Squirrel, Garry Oak

Design Concepts and Details
Nature Friendly

Through stewardship, the block becomes increasingly more nature-friendly. The native woodland, once home to 214 vertebrate species is rapidly disappearing. By 2040 the block has been reconfigured to protect and restore habitat. The landscape aesthetically infiltrates all storm water on site and ornamental species have been replaced with productive landscapes and native plants. A bridge, aligned on the former alley spans the protected habitat, provides cover, includes overlooks and terminates near the LEED® certified commons.

Livability and Experience

Residents organize to take advantage of new regulations designed to encourage sustainable development and conservation while encouraging appropriate infill. Owners collaborate to develop and implement habitat restoration, water management and infill plans. A stronger, more diverse, multi-generational community emerges. Life on this block is increasingly communal, one of sharing gardens, childcare, patios, playgrounds, vehicles, tools, parks, caretakers and an appreciation for increasingly diverse people,  plants and animals.

People learn through personal experiences. Daily, they enjoy a vital, diverse and dynamic cultural and natural landscape. The block and neighborhood habitat continue to be enriched. Over time, single family residences are converted to small and distinct multiple family residences, yet an attractive “home place” for many species emerges.

These design ideas are poised to usher in a new era of development that keeps nature in all our communities and ensures the continued preservation and enhancement of our quality of life and the environment for this generation and those to come.

MORE: AECOM,更多关于他们:AECOM on gooood
Via ASLA

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