Toilettes in a cemetery do not seem to be the most appealing projects. Not even for the design brief. Not even for the place. Not even for the budget. Nevertheless, for us, it was exciting! We have been there a few times before and we were always uncomfortable, looking at the floor trying not to stumble in the narrow paths between the great marble stones.
▼建筑外观，external view of the building
So when we were asked to do the rehabilitation of the toilettes (the old building), it was as if it was the first time there. We perceive the hierarchies, the streets, the paths, the square, the church, the entrances and the exits, the trees, the stones, and the green flowerbeds… How beautiful and organized! The (old) building was huge and absolutely out of the context, with vast flat roofs that almost touch the chapel. It was a “sacrilege” to see this scenario from the south entrance of the cemetery.
▼翻新的建筑与公墓环境相和谐。The rehabilitated building reaches harmony with the cemetery.
All we did was to reduce the size and to summarize the information. An abstract exercise to create an abstract object: no doors, no windows, no sheds or porches.
▼简洁抽象的建筑，与教堂形成对比。Abstract building contrasts to the church.
The idea of using ceramic tile coating came naturally. And it was evident: the ceramic tiles had to be green. The object should be more related to the natural elements, and less with the constructed ones, highlighting the church that is so close by. To achieve this, to create a uniform and neutral object, the ceramic tile must coat the entire building, from the facades to the rooftop. But then comes the reality: technical and economic reality – and rightly so! The workers did not know how do it. And the time schedule? Was it expensive? The design solves everything! We add some plasters to optimize the stereotype of the tiles and to reduce the technical difficulties. A team work!
▼建筑表面整体使用绿色瓷砖。Green tiles are used for the entire facade of the building.
▼绿色瓷砖更亲近自然，且与教堂立面形成鲜明对比。The green tile is more close to the nature, while underlining the appearance of the church.
Through the two extracted mass on the facades we get in the building. On the south side, we access the new facilities for supporting the cemetery workers staff. The main entrance is from the north and take us to the central space, inside the building, but with exterior features, pointed out by the natural light and the Portuguese Pavement on the floor (the sidewalks that surround the building continuity). Here, there are the washbasins, and is a space that works like a pivotal area, between the female, male and accessible facilities.
▼北侧主入口，碎石铺地延伸到室内。Main entrance on the north, with Portuguese Pavement continues into the building
▼南侧员工入口，采用弧形墙面。Staff entry on the south with curved wall.
This is a building without technology, which means that is the wind (strengthened by the north-south orientation) that dehumidifies and renews the air. Sating on the pre-existing walls we have a timber roof truss with a white glaze. All the interiors are white and have natural lighting through skylights, which reinforces luminous comfort. The marble washbasins match with the outdoor objects of the cemetery. The candle burner is a sturdy and resistant piece made of black painted iron despite the delicate design.
▼进入建筑，自然光和碎石铺地给人以开放的室外感。Natural light and Portuguese Pavement give an outdoor feeling at the entrance.
▼白色调的室内空间，天窗采光。Interior space in white palette with natural light from the skelights.
As a whole, these two objects reinforce the hierarchical network of the cemetery, not ceasing to be, by the scale and synthetic unit, plus one of its “salt and pepper shakers”.
▼鸟瞰图，建筑为环境增彩。Bird view. The building enhances the environment of the cemetery.
location: Ílhavo – Portugal
authors: M2.senos (Ricardo Senos, Sofia Senos)
building (beginning) : 2016
building (end) : 2017
category: installations & structures
programme: recovery of the cemetery´s toilet
area: 85m2 (existent)
Building by workers of São Salvador Parish Council
photography: Nelson Garrido
Portilame wooden structure of the roof www.portilame.com
Primus Vitoria green tiles
Adriazul bathroom fittings
Weber, Saint Gobain glues and plasters
VELUX Portugal skylight
Geberit Portugal sanitary technology