该项目位于巴西城市贝洛奥里藏特，主要任务是将该市最重要的Praça da Liberdade大道与相邻的公共广场重新设计，减少建筑周边停车位，增加场所的可达性和休闲性，引入更多人流，从而建立起一个有活力的公共空间。
The project of Praça da Liberdade stemmed from the need to reconcile the architectural design of the Cultural Circuit of Praça da Liberdade and the public areas which surrounds the square. It potentials the residual surrounding areas, increasing public use through its redesign, which reduces vehicle parking areas, incentives indeterminate media ownership and the sidewalks suited to frequent postures, accessibility and traffic.
“Space is the unequal accumulation of time.”Milton Santos
The main goal of an urban project is to contribute to the establishment of an effective public domain, less attached to consumption and more focused on the understanding of the city as a public place. Rather than being understated, the urban design should almost dissolve, acquiring an invisibility that allows to emphasize its potentials as a support and should offer the people possibilities not even imagined previously. This premise allows the approach of architecture and urban design to the infrastructure, which represents certainly the most discreet works, providing “essential supports for the unpredictability of life”, as Le Corbusier said. The necessity of discretion avoids the monumental, individualistic work and gives attention to the
construction of territory, the seam of the urban texture, the constitution of a public space in fact, as well as to the recognition of history and time. This sense suggests that the construction of a city can be only a collective work and an inter-generational effort. In addition, a new intervention in a consolidated environment should stand as another layer among many others and increasing the virtues of what was built before.
Praça da Liberdade大道现状是融合了各个时期的建筑风格，从法国宫殿风格建筑到现代以及后现代的建筑，无一不足。设计旨在用新语言契合复杂背景，并提升公共场地价值：1 不仅从现有周边基础设施和设备的情况考虑，更展望未来场地的兼容性，从而设计公共场所。2 与现状大道的兼容。3 更新路面与公共设施。 4 无障碍设计在人行道上的普及。5 降低视觉噪音，清理现场，比如多余的标识牌等设施，打造出清爽干净的视觉景观。6 将多个公共空间联系 7 经过调查之后的重新设计让大道与周围和谐存在。
Considered to be the first planned city in Brazil – in the late of 19th century – Belo Horizonte was planned with a positivist layout, resulting in the road design of two grids overlapping, one of streets and other of avenues, shifted 45 degrees from each other. Although it represents nowadays a small portion of the city, with nearly 3 million people, this original territory still is the area with better urban infrastructure.
In this city, the most symbolically spot, is Praça da Liberdade, where the city hall used to be located. A square which allows you to recognize much of the key moments of architecture held in Brazil for over a century: the influence of France in landscaping; the eclectic architecture of the palaces; modern, postmodern architecture; as well as contemporary interventions, turning the neoclassical buildings into cultural spaces and creating the Cultural Circuit of
Praça da Liberdade.
In the context of interventions of the Cultural Circuit of Praça da Liberdade, the project of upgrading the public areas surrounding the square was designed.
The project had the following objectives:
– Compatibility with both architectural and urban designs of the public areas, considering existing equipment and infrastructure and the future ones;
– Compatibility with the road project;
– Revitalization of urban pavements and equipment in a state of degradation;
– Compatibility between the sidewalks and the standards of the Municipal Legislation of Postures and accessibility;
– Ordering the landscape, always minimizing possible noise defined by diversity and overlapping of urban facilities and signs;
– The establishment of a greater unity in the treatment of the public spaces surrounding the square and its public buildings;
– Consolidation of a updated cadastral survey of Praça da Liberdade, as well of its surroundings.
architecture ARQUITETOS ASSOCIADOS . Alexandre Brasil I André Prado I Bruno Santa Cecília I Carlos Alberto Maciel
colaboration Clara Maga·lhães, Enara Paiva, Henrique Coelho, Michelle Christina de Andrade Souza, Plínio Santos,Ulisses Mikhail Itokawa
place Belo Horizonte I MG I Brasil
building area 6057m²
building 2010 – 2013
photos Gabriel Castro, Bruno Santa Cecília, Carlos Alberto Maciel
structural project Alexandre Caram e Silva
installation project Edson Tadeu Moreira – BHLuz
traffic and sign Janaina Amorim Dias
topographic Walmir Nazareth
awards Menção honrosa. 15ª Premiação de Arquitetura IAB-MG