Race Street Pier Philadelphia / James Corner Field Operations

Project Specs

非常感谢设计方 James Corner Field Operations  将项目介绍和项目图片授权gooood发行。更多请至:Rafael de La-Hoz Arquitectos on gooood on gooood
Appreciation towards James Corner Field Operations  for providing the following description:

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Aerial view from Ben Franklin bridge, looking West.
(Photo©James Corner Field Operations)
从富兰克林桥往西看

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Aerial view of the newly planted Entry Plaza and beginning of the Skywalk Promenade
(Photo© James Corner Field Operations)
鸟瞰入口种植广场

DELAWARE RIVER WATERFRONT CORPORATION OPENS PHILADELPHIA’S NEWEST PARK, THE RACE STREET PIER

PHILADELPHIA, PA The Delaware River Waterfront Corporation (DRWC ) along with Mayor Nutter officially opened the new Race Street Pier, the first new public space of its kind on the Central Delaware River Waterfront to be realized as part of DRWC’s ambitious new Master Plan for the Central Delaware River Waterfront. Designed by James Corner Field Operations, the Pier will create a strong physical experience that reconnects the City to the River, activates the water’s edge and establishes the pier as a distinctive new public park for the people of Philadelphia. Formerly Municipal Pier 11, the pier was renamed as the Race Street Pier to further reinforce its relationship to the City and reinstate its historic name.

“This spectacular public space is the next step forward in building a world-class waterfront in Philadelphia,” said Mayor Michael A. Nutter. “I want to thank the many community leaders and funders who have worked with us to bring this project to fruition. We are now creating a waterfront that will be enjoyed by generations of Philadelphians to come.”

“[The Pier] answers the question of whether a well-conceived public space can change perceptions of a place with a resounding “Yes!” – the pier shows the river as its dynamic best, with a sweeping curve and visual links to one of our nation’s great skylines. – Marilyn Jordan Taylor, dean of the School of Design at the University of Pennsylvania and a board member of the Delaware River Waterfront Corp. Philadelphia Inquirer

Construction of the original Race Street Pier began in 1896 including a large building built on two levels to serve different functions; the lower level for shipping and the upper level for recreation. As a nod to its past, the physical design of the new pier is split into two levels – an upper level with a grand sky promenade and a lower level for passive recreation and social gathering. A dramatic ramp rises twelve feet into the air along the north face of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, dramatizing the sense of arriving in the space of the river through a forced one-point perspective and allowing for rare views back to the City. A sun-filled lower terrace supports a multi-purpose lawn, planting beds and seating. The two levels are linked by a generous seating terrace that wraps around the end of the pier and amplifies the sense of magic associated with being on the edge.

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The Bridge Allee is comprised of 25 large Swamp White Oak trees. This line of trees reinforces
the slice of the pier into two levels. (Photo©Edward Savaria Jr and Suzanne Savaria)
连接两个平台的步道有25棵橡树,橡树把这里划分成为两个层次。

Facts:

1. Trees: The 37 large caliper Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor) trees are very special. They were cultivated for four years at a nursery in Millstone, N.J for the World Trade Center Memorial at Ground Zero in New York City.

2. Grasses and Perennials: Almost 10,250 individual 4 inch pots of shade tolerant grassesand perennials were planted in weathered steel planters to increase diversity and add texture,color and seasonal interest.

3. Lighting: The park’s setting under the Ben Franklin Bridge is spectacular at night; therefore the park was designed to be enjoyed in the evening as well as during the day with extensive lighting including 200 LED Solar Light Blocks embedded into the paving.

4. Paving: The paving on the upper level ramp is Trex, a sustainable synthetic decking material made out of reclaimed plastic and wood. Once complete, this will be one of the largest public installation of Trex decking in the country.

5. Railings: The perimeter railing leans at a 65 degree angle towards the pier, further accentuating the forced one-point perspective of the ramp rising along the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. Lights are incorporated into railing on the lower level.

6. Seating Steps: Tiered seating terraces link the upper and lower levels and create a destination at the end of the pier for viewing, gathering, and contemplation.

7. Wharf Drops: 2 wharf-drops on the lower level originally used to unload cargo for shipping were retrofitted and integrated into the new park. They are covered with transparent metal grating and a portion of one has been left open for users to experience the river in an unusual and authentic way.

8. Fill: Over 2,000 cubic yards of geofoam fill was used to form the sky promenade on the upper level.

9. Tides: The Delaware River is tidal, fluctuating an average of six feet in elevation a day. At mean high water level, the lower level of the pier will be approximately 4.5 feet above the river, making the Race Street Pier one of rare places where you can get close to the water. The Race Street Pier is also a tidal register, where you can find out the forecast for high and low tides for the City of Philadelphia.

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Looking to the end of the pier along the ramp, which connects the upper and lower levels of the
Race Street Pier. (Photo© Edward Savaria Jr and Suzanne Savaria)

 

连接上下两层平台的坡道

由纽约事务所james corner field operations设计的race street码头现已完工。这个项目位于费城德拉瓦河(delaware)沿岸,该方案试图将城市与河流连接起来,复兴城市滨水区并建立起一个亲密活跃的城市公共公园。Nutter市长与特拉华海滨公司(DRWC)开放了新的Race街码头,在特拉华河滨中心,这是第一个这种类型公共空间。DRWC对于特拉华河滨中心有个新的雄心勃勃整体规划。码头将给人们强烈的体验,它重新建立城市与河流的联系,活跃了水边区域,为费城市民建立的码头将成为一个新的与众不同的公园。原来的11号市政码头被更名为Race街码头,以求更加强调码头与城市的关系,也是恢复它的历史名号。2009年,DRWC计划委员会与James Corner FieldOperations签订了Race街工程设计合同。对于特拉华中心来说,像Race街码头这样的公共空间的开发,早期更需要市民的推荐建议,为此Penn Praxis已经做了大量的公众调研关于如何重新设计费城海滨。

“原来的Race街码头始建于1896年,包括大量的两层建筑,以满足各种需求;下层用来停泊船只,上层用来娱乐。新的码头也设计了两层——上层完美的露天散步场,下层是社交娱乐场所。本杰明.富兰克林大桥北面有12英尺倾斜上升的斜坡,透视效果使你感觉就要到达河边。多功能草坪上设有阶梯,既能坐又能躺。长长的阶梯座椅将两层连接起来,环绕了码头一端,放大了身处边缘的魔幻感觉。

“新Race街码头三面环水,使人们能够身临其境,体验水的力量,感受特拉华河的伟大与壮观。”DRWC领导者Tom Corcoran这样说,“这是我们找到的最高质量的工程方案,来表达特拉华河水滨的未来”。

 

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The Seating terrace and Sun Lawn provide ample spots for gathering, people watching and other
leisure activities. (Photo©James Corner Field Operations)

草坪和露天座位为人们观看风景及其它休闲活动提供了充足的座位。

新改建的公园与本杰明•富兰克林大桥平行,并向水面延伸了500英尺。设计师将码头整体分裂为两半,创造了许多对比强烈的活动,上层是行人散步、骑自行车和慢跑的“空中长廊”,而下层则作为自由的休闲活动区域。

一个整体的坡道连接了两块活动平台,进一步增强了公园的空间感和通达性,同时还遮挡了来自市区方向的视线干扰。一系列人造木制长椅沿着倾斜的坡道排列,界定了12英尺高的二层平台边界,同时也将两个不同的空间整合在一起。层列式的平台还能作为灵活的座椅,增加了整个空间的雕塑感。

race street码头始建于1896年,作为德拉瓦中心滨水区大型改造项目中的首个公共公园方案,整个改造项目预计将在2035年正式完工。

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View of the Sky Promenade facing West – the decking is made of Trex, a sustainable synthetic
material made of reclaimed plastic and wood. (Photo© James Corner Field Operations)
‘空中连廊’ ,铺装是一种木材与塑料复合可持续性铺板

场地现状:

1 树:场地上的37棵大树很特别。他们曾经在纽约世贸大厦纪念遗址呆了4年。
2 草和多年生植被:大约10250株月4英寸高的草及多年生植物种植在锈蚀钢板器皿中,增添了植物多样性,形成各异的色彩和机理,以及丰富的季相。
3 照明:富兰克林大桥下的公园有着壮观的照明。照明类型属于广泛照明。在铺装上配置了200盏太阳能LED灯以供人们享用。
4 铺装:上层斜坡采用的是来自Trex的一种木材与塑料复合可持续性铺板,一旦完成,这将是全美最大的Trex甲板安装地。
5 栏杆 外围护栏杆向内斜,与码头甲板呈65°夹角。上层的栏杆倾斜角度顺应了坡度。灯光设计与栏杆下部融为一体考虑。
6 台阶座位:如梯田般的台阶座位同时也创建了一个在码头上瞭望,聚会,思考的空间。
7 码头卸货区:把标高较低的码头卸货区也整合进新园区之中。在上面覆盖透明的金属光栅,并将一部分打开,让使用者体会到一个真实的,不同寻常的河流。
8 填充:超过2000立方码的泡沫用以填充已形成上层天空长廊。
9 潮汐:特拉华河每天的潮汐波动达到6英尺。在平均高水位时,码头离河面只有4.5英尺高差距离,这是一处罕见的亲水地点。码头也是潮汐的记录器,在这里你可以预测费城的涨潮和退潮。

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The Seating Terraces link the upper and lower levels of the Race Street Pier, and provide ample
space for viewing, gathering and contemplation. (Photo©James Corner Field Operations)
这些长椅连接了公园上下两层,并提供充足的空间在码头上瞭望,聚会,思考

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Evening view highlighting the rise of the Sky Promenade on the North side of the Pier, with the
Benjamin Franklin Bridge above. (Photo©Edward Savaria Jr and Suzanne Savaria)
晚上看码头北侧的长廊与富兰克林大桥。

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Aerial view from the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, looking East. (Photo©Christian Carollo)
从富兰克林大桥上向东鸟瞰

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Illustrative Plan of the Race Street Pier. (Photo©James Corner Field Operations)
规划示意图

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Illustrative Plan of the Race Street Pier. (Photo©James Corner Field Operations)

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